How to format your references using the International Review of Law, Computers & Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Review of Law, Computers & Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
van Leeuwen, Johan L. 2010. “Plant Science. Launched at 36,000g.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 329 (5990): 395–396.
A journal article with 2 authors
Knutson, Bruce A., and Steven Hahn. 2011. “Yeast Rrn7 and Human TAF1B Are TFIIB-Related RNA Polymerase I General Transcription Factors.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 333 (6049): 1637–1640.
A journal article with 3 authors
Román-Leshkov, Yuriy, Juben N. Chheda, and James A. Dumesic. 2006. “Phase Modifiers Promote Efficient Production of Hydroxymethylfurfural from Fructose.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 312 (5782): 1933–1937.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Nakashiba, Toshiaki, Jennie Z. Young, Thomas J. McHugh, Derek L. Buhl, and Susumu Tonegawa. 2008. “Transgenic Inhibition of Synaptic Transmission Reveals Role of CA3 Output in Hippocampal Learning.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 319 (5867): 1260–1264.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Möller, Ralf, Hans Pöter, and Knut Schwarze. 2011. Planen Und Bauen Mit Trapezprofilen Und Sandwichelementen. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Boden, Fritz, Nicholas Lawson, Henk W. Jentink, and Jürgen Kompenhans, eds. 2013. Advanced In-Flight Measurement Techniques. Research Topics in Aerospace. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Vilanova, Ramon, Víctor M. Alfaro, and Orlando Arrieta. 2012. “Robustness in PID Control.” In PID Control in the Third Millennium: Lessons Learned and New Approaches, edited by Ramon Vilanova and Antonio Visioli, 113–145. Advances in Industrial Control. London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Review of Law, Computers & Technology.

Blog post
Hamilton, Kristy. 2014. “This Is What Happens When You Turn A Water Sprinkler On At -34°C.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1973. Expenditures for Public Affairs Activities. B-161939. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hess, James P. 2012. “Exploring the Challenges of Training and Developing Millennials in the Business Environment.” Doctoral dissertation, Scottsdale, AZ: Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gorman, James. 2017. “A Deep Dive for Living Treasure.” New York Times, March 27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (van Leeuwen 2010).
This sentence cites two references (van Leeuwen 2010; Knutson and Hahn 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Knutson and Hahn 2011)
  • Three authors: (Román-Leshkov, Chheda, and Dumesic 2006)
  • 4 or more authors: (Nakashiba et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Review of Law, Computers & Technology
ISSN (print)1360-0869
ISSN (online)1364-6885
ScopeComputer Science Applications

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