How to format your references using the International Review of Law, Computers & Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Review of Law, Computers & Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Madden, John D. 2006. “Materials Science. Artificial Muscle Begins to Breathe.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 311 (5767): 1559–1560.
A journal article with 2 authors
Xu, Lin, and Huanyang Chen. 2014. “Logarithm Conformal Mapping Brings the Cloaking Effect.” Scientific Reports 4 (October): 6862.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, Yi-Cai, Shu-Wei Song, and Wu-Ming Liu. 2014. “The Confinement Induced Resonance in Spin-Orbit Coupled Cold Atoms with Raman Coupling.” Scientific Reports 4 (May): 4992.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Srivastava, Mrinal, Mahesh Hegde, Kishore K. Chiruvella, Jinsha Koroth, Souvari Bhattacharya, Bibha Choudhary, and Sathees C. Raghavan. 2014. “Sapodilla Plum (Achras Sapota) Induces Apoptosis in Cancer Cell Lines and Inhibits Tumor Progression in Mice.” Scientific Reports 4 (August): 6147.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bernheim, Mary L. C. 2008. Ciba Foundation Symposium 39 - Monoamine Oxidase and Its Inhibition: Ciba/Monoamine. Novartis Foundation Symposia. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Anastasescu, Crina. 2016. 1D Oxide Nanostructures Obtained by Sol-Gel and Hydrothermal Methods. Edited by Susana Mihaiu, Silviu Preda, and Maria Zaharescu. SpringerBriefs in Materials. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Fagin, Abel. 2016. “Attending to Infant Mental Health.” In Clinical Practice at the Edge of Care: Developments in Working with At-Risk Children and Their Families, edited by Laura Smith, 79–102. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Review of Law, Computers & Technology.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. 2016. “Why Don’t Plants Get Sunburn?” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1977. Earth Resources Information Satellite System Act. B-181426. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bell, Katherine Duff. 2010. “Fatherhood Connected: A Curriculum Development Project for Adolescent Fathers in the Juvenile Justice System.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, Ben. 2016. “Shawn Mendes, at 18, Scores Second No. 1.” New York Times, October 4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Madden 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Madden 2006; Xu and Chen 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Xu and Chen 2014)
  • Three authors: (Zhang, Song, and Liu 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Srivastava et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Review of Law, Computers & Technology
ISSN (print)1360-0869
ISSN (online)1364-6885
ScopeComputer Science Applications

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