How to format your references using the International Review of Law, Computers & Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Review of Law, Computers & Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D’Emic, M. D. 2015. “Comment on ‘Evidence for Mesothermy in Dinosaurs.’” Science (New York, N.Y.) 348 (6238): 982.
A journal article with 2 authors
Leonhardt, Ulf, and Tomás Tyc. 2009. “Broadband Invisibility by Non-Euclidean Cloaking.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 323 (5910): 110–112.
A journal article with 3 authors
Smith, Thomas M., Thomas R. Karl, and Richard W. Reynolds. 2002. “Climate Modeling. How Accurate Are Climate Simulations?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 296 (5567): 483–484.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Zheng, Xiao-Ting, Hai-Lu You, Xing Xu, and Zhi-Ming Dong. 2009. “An Early Cretaceous Heterodontosaurid Dinosaur with Filamentous Integumentary Structures.” Nature 458 (7236): 333–336.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Godwin, William. 2013. International Construction Contracts. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Scales, Damon C., and Gordon D. Rubenfeld, eds. 2014. The Organization of Critical Care: An Evidence-Based Approach to Improving Quality. Vol. 18. Respiratory Medicine. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Knox, Emily. 2014. “Tomboys in the Work of Carson McCullers.” In Illuminating How Identities, Stereotypes and Inequalities Matter through Gender Studies, edited by D. Nicole Farris, Mary Ann Davis, and D’lane R. Compton, 43–52. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Review of Law, Computers & Technology.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Does Bioenergy Have A Green Energy Future In The US?” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2016. Homeland Security: Oversight of Neglected Human Resources Information Technology Investment Is Needed. GAO-16-253. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kramer, Jeffrey A. 2010. “Accurate Localization Given Uncertain Sensors.” Doctoral dissertation, Tampa, FL: University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Diamond, Jason. 2017. “Finding My Florida.” New York Times, May 23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (D’Emic 2015).
This sentence cites two references (D’Emic 2015; Leonhardt and Tyc 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Leonhardt and Tyc 2009)
  • Three authors: (Smith, Karl, and Reynolds 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Zheng et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Review of Law, Computers & Technology
ISSN (print)1360-0869
ISSN (online)1364-6885
ScopeComputer Science Applications

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