How to format your references using the International Review of Law & Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Review of Law & Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gregory, C.D., 2014. Cell biology: The disassembly of death. Nature 507, 312–313.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ullman, K.S., Powers, M.A., 2015. STRUCTURAL BIOLOGY. Locking down the core of the pore. Science 350, 33–34.
A journal article with 3 authors
Balachandran, S., Thomas, E., Barber, G.N., 2004. A FADD-dependent innate immune mechanism in mammalian cells. Nature 432, 401–405.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chiang, S.H., Baumann, C.A., Kanzaki, M., Thurmond, D.C., Watson, R.T., Neudauer, C.L., Macara, I.G., Pessin, J.E., Saltiel, A.R., 2001. Insulin-stimulated GLUT4 translocation requires the CAP-dependent activation of TC10. Nature 410, 944–948.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lesca, H., Lesca, N., 2014. Strategic Decisions and Weak Signals. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Barbucha, D., Nguyen, N.T., Batubara, J. (Eds.), 2015. New Trends in Intelligent Information and Database Systems, Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Cumming, J.J., Van der Kleij, F.M., 2016. Effective Enactment of Assessment for Learning and Student Diversity in Australia, in: Laveault, D., Allal, L. (Eds.), Assessment for Learning: Meeting the Challenge of Implementation, The Enabling Power of Assessment. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 55–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Review of Law & Economics.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. How A Panda Mom’s Milk Changes As Her Cub Grows [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. Tax System Modernization: Status of On-Line Files Initiative and Telecommunications Planning (No. IMTEC-91-41FS). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Green, J.L., 2012. The leadership practices of executive women of local government (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sugin, L., 2016. An Uncharitable Foundation. New York Times A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gregory, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Gregory, 2014; Ullman and Powers, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ullman and Powers, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Chiang et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Review of Law & Economics
AbbreviationInt. Rev. Law Econ.
ISSN (print)0144-8188
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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