How to format your references using the International Review of Law & Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Review of Law & Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fine, I., 2014. Sensory systems: Do you hear what I see? Nature 508, 461–462.
A journal article with 2 authors
Knepper, M.A., Agre, P., 2004. Structural biology. The atomic architecture of a gas channel. Science 305, 1573–1574.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ozaki, M., Kato, J.-I., Kawata, S., 2011. Surface-plasmon holography with white-light illumination. Science 332, 218–220.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
King, A., Johnson, G., Engelberg, D., Ludwig, W., Marrow, J., 2008. Observations of intergranular stress corrosion cracking in a grain-mapped polycrystal. Science 321, 382–385.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wilson, D.A., 2014. Interpreting Land Records. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Foxwell, H.J., 2009. Pro OpenSolaris: A New Open Source OS for Linux Developers and Administrators. Apress, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
Özkaya, N., Nordin, M., Goldsheyder, D., Leger, D., 2012. Applications of Statics to Biomechanics, in: Nordin, M., Goldsheyder, D., Leger, D. (Eds.), Fundamentals of Biomechanics: Equilibrium, Motion, and Deformation. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 61–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Review of Law & Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Genome Sequencing Mountain Gorillas Reveals The Genetic Impact Of Inbreeding [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1987. ADP Budget: Information on Two IRS Computer Projects (No. IMTEC-87-26FS). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Morton, W.G., 2015. Isolating mycorrhizal fungi from Spiranthes vernalis for subsequent in vitro seed germination (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C., 2013. Orphans, Drug Wars and Other Mysteries. New York Times A25B.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fine, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Fine, 2014; Knepper and Agre, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Knepper and Agre, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (King et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Review of Law & Economics
AbbreviationInt. Rev. Law Econ.
ISSN (print)0144-8188
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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