How to format your references using the International Review of Law & Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Review of Law & Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Johnson, K., 2002. Astronomy. Infant globular clusters. Science 297, 776–777.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gamerdinger, M., Deuerling, E., 2014. Biochemistry. Trigger factor flexibility. Science 344, 590–591.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kainulainen, J., Federrath, C., Henning, T., 2014. Unfolding the laws of star formation: the density distribution of molecular clouds. Science 344, 183–185.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Liu, Y.-X., Sun, H.-C., Peng, Z.H., Miranowicz, A., Tsai, J.S., Nori, F., 2014. Controllable microwave three-wave mixing via a single three-level superconducting quantum circuit. Sci. Rep. 4, 7289.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lippold, J.C., 2015. Welding Metallurgy and Weldability. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Beilina, L. (Ed.), 2013. Applied Inverse Problems: Select Contributions from the First Annual Workshop on Inverse Problems, Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Kitt, R., 2014. Economic Decision Making: Application of the Theory of Complex Systems, in: Banerjee, S., Erçetin, Ş.Ş., Tekin, A. (Eds.), Chaos Theory in Politics, Understanding Complex Systems. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 51–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Review of Law & Economics.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2017. A Giant Ringed Planet Is Likely The Cause Of Mysterious Eclipses [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2007. Bankruptcy Reform: Value of Credit Counseling Requirement Is Not Clear (No. GAO-07-203). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
DeClerk, C.C., 2008. The relationship between retail store manager leadership styles and employee generational cohort, performance, and satisfaction (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Robinson, L., 2015. Internal Injuries. New York Times BR21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Johnson, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Gamerdinger and Deuerling, 2014; Johnson, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gamerdinger and Deuerling, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Review of Law & Economics
AbbreviationInt. Rev. Law Econ.
ISSN (print)0144-8188
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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