How to format your references using the International Perspectives in Psychology: Research, Practice, Consultation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Perspectives in Psychology: Research, Practice, Consultation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schmollinger, J. (2002). Gaining a lot from translation. Nature, 418(6894), 5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Elbaz, D., & Cesarsky, C. J. (2003). A fossil record of galaxy encounters. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5617), 270–274.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yoo, A. S., Bais, C., & Greenwald, I. (2004). Crosstalk between the EGFR and LIN-12/Notch pathways in C. elegans vulval development. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5658), 663–666.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Liu, H., Chen, Y., Lv, J., Liu, H., Zhu, R., Su, J., … Wu, Q. (2013). Quantitative epigenetic co-variation in CpG islands and co-regulation of developmental genes. Scientific Reports, 3, 2576.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tyson, H. (2010). Microsoft® Word 2010 Bible. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Attal, S., Joye, A., & Pillet, C.-A. (Eds.). (2006). Open Quantum Systems I: The Hamiltonian Approach (Vol. 1880). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Mennella, J. A. (2013). Alcohol Use During Lactation: Effects on the Mother-Infant Dyad. In R. R. Watson, V. R. Preedy, & S. Zibadi (Eds.), Alcohol, Nutrition, and Health Consequences (pp. 63–79). Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Perspectives in Psychology: Research, Practice, Consultation.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, October 30). New Analysis Reveals No Firm Conclusion On Whether Neonicotinoid Pesticides Harm Honeybee Populations. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). NATO: Progress Toward More Mobile and Deployable Forces (No. NSIAD-99-229). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lewis, D. S. (2010). Global Educational Ecosystem: Case study of a partnership with K–12 schools, community organizations, and business (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt, L. F. (2006, April 16). The Wit of Gilbert and Sullivan, the Joys of Yiddish. New York Times, p. 14LI8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schmollinger, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Elbaz & Cesarsky, 2003; Schmollinger, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Elbaz & Cesarsky, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Yoo, Bais, & Greenwald, 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Liu et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Perspectives in Psychology: Research, Practice, Consultation
AbbreviationInt. Perspect. Psychol.
ISSN (print)2157-3883
ISSN (online)2157-3891

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