How to format your references using the International Perspectives in Psychology: Research, Practice, Consultation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Perspectives in Psychology: Research, Practice, Consultation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gerard, C. (2005). Biomedicine. Asthmatics breathe easier when it’s SNO-ing. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5728), 1560–1561.
A journal article with 2 authors
de Groot, B. L., & Grubmüller, H. (2001). Water permeation across biological membranes: mechanism and dynamics of aquaporin-1 and GlpF. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5550), 2353–2357.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bruskotter, J. T., Enzler, S. A., & Treves, A. (2011). Science and law. Rescuing wolves from politics: wildlife as a public trust resource. Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6051), 1828–1829.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hertlein, C., Helden, L., Gambassi, A., Dietrich, S., & Bechinger, C. (2008). Direct measurement of critical Casimir forces. Nature, 451(7175), 172–175.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Merritt, C. (2015). Process Steam Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Reddy, G. V. (2016). Recovering Biodiversity in Indian Forests (K. U. Karanth, N. S. Kumar, J. Krishnaswamy, & K. K. Karanth, Eds.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Schwamborn, D., & Strelets, M. (2012). ATAAC – An EU-Project Dedicated to Hybrid RANS/LES Methods. In S. Fu, W. Haase, S.-H. Peng, & D. Schwamborn (Eds.), Progress in Hybrid RANS-LES Modelling: Papers Contributed to the 4th Symposium on Hybrid RANS-LES Methods, Beijing, China, September 2011 (pp. 59–75). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Perspectives in Psychology: Research, Practice, Consultation.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2016, May 16). Newly Discovered Species Of Extinct Dog Roamed North America 12 Million Years Ago. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2010). Next Generation Air Transportation System: Challenges with Partner Agency and FAA Coordination Continue, and Efforts to Integrate Near-, Mid-, and Long-term Activities Are Ongoing (GAO-10-649T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cady, S. C. (2013). Successful student goal completion: A community college case study [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland, J. (2017, April 7). Dance Moves, Everywhere. New York Times, MB8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gerard, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (de Groot & Grubmüller, 2001; Gerard, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (de Groot & Grubmüller, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Bruskotter et al., 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Hertlein et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Perspectives in Psychology: Research, Practice, Consultation
AbbreviationInt. Perspect. Psychol.
ISSN (print)2157-3883
ISSN (online)2157-3891

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