How to format your references using the International Perspectives in Psychology: Research, Practice, Consultation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Perspectives in Psychology: Research, Practice, Consultation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zegers, R. (2005). Schrödinger’s mousetrap. Part 5. Nature, 433(7027), 689.
A journal article with 2 authors
Einum, S., & Fleming, I. A. (2000). Highly fecund mothers sacrifice offspring survival to maximize fitness. Nature, 405(6786), 565–567.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mellman, I., Coukos, G., & Dranoff, G. (2011). Cancer immunotherapy comes of age. Nature, 480(7378), 480–489.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Panda, S., Nayak, S. K., Campo, B., Walker, J. R., Hogenesch, J. B., & Jegla, T. (2005). Illumination of the melanopsin signaling pathway. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5709), 600–604.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chandrasekaran, S. (2016). Health, Safety, and Environmental Management in Offshore and Petroleum Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Larhed, M., & Olofssonq, K. (Eds.). (2006). Microwave Methods in Organic Synthesis (Vol. 266). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Stec, M. (2014). Reflective Teaching in an English Primary Classroom. In D. Gabryś-Barker & A. Wojtaszek (Eds.), Studying Second Language Acquisition from a Qualitative Perspective (pp. 61–70). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Perspectives in Psychology: Research, Practice, Consultation.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, June 24). Stunning Rainbow of Fluorescent Corals Discovered in the Red Sea. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2016). Vehicle Cybersecurity: DOT and Industry Have Efforts Under Way, but DOT Needs to Define Its Role in Responding to a Real-world Attack (GAO-16-350). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Holman, R. (2014). Music history pedagogy: Three approaches to teaching a one-semester music history survey course in accordance with the LEAP Initiative [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson, M. (2017, July 27). Patinkin Bows Out Of ‘Comet.’ New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zegers, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Einum & Fleming, 2000; Zegers, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Einum & Fleming, 2000)
  • Three authors: (Mellman et al., 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Panda et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Perspectives in Psychology: Research, Practice, Consultation
AbbreviationInt. Perspect. Psychol.
ISSN (print)2157-3883
ISSN (online)2157-3891

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