How to format your references using the International Journal of Women's Dermatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Women's Dermatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hodson R. Prostate cancer: 4 big questions. Nature. 2015 Dec 17;528(7582):S137.
A journal article with 2 authors
Boos WR, Kuang Z. Dominant control of the South Asian monsoon by orographic insulation versus plateau heating. Nature. 2010 Jan 14;463(7278):218–22.
A journal article with 3 authors
Berger J, Swenson JE, Persson IL. Recolonizing carnivores and naïve prey: conservation lessons from Pleistocene extinctions. Science. 2001 Feb 9;291(5506):1036–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Cusanovich DA, Reddington JP, Garfield DA, Daza RM, Aghamirzaie D, Marco-Ferreres R, et al. The cis-regulatory dynamics of embryonic development at single-cell resolution. Nature. 2018 Mar 22;555(7697):538–42.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pick JB. Geo-Business GIS in the Digital Organization. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
Kanaun SK. Self-Consistent Methods for Composites: Vol.1: Static Problems. Levin VM, editor. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2008. (Solid Mechanics and its Applications; vol. 148).
A chapter in an edited book
Orlov Y, Fridman E. On Stability of Linear Retarded Distributed Parameter Systems of Parabolic Type. In: Loiseau JJ, Michiels W, Niculescu S-I, Sipahi R, editors. Topics in Time Delay Systems: Analysis, Algorithms and Control. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 49–59. (Morari M, Thoma M, editors. Lecture Notes in Control and Information Sciences).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Women's Dermatology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Poll Results Show Disparity Between Scientists And American Public On Scientific Issues [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Security: Many NASA Missions-Critical Systems Face Serious Risks. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999 May. Report No.: AIMD-99-47.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Francom C. Análisis sociolingüístico de eleccion de lengua en encuentros de servicio: Una perspectiva etnográfica y experimental [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tucson, AZ]: University of Arizona; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Jacoby S. The Golden Rule. New York Times. 2014 Dec 21;BR7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (de Lange 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Moore 2003; Powell 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Boos and Kuang 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Yoo et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Women's Dermatology
AbbreviationInt. J. Womens Dermatol.
ISSN (print)2352-6475

Other styles