How to format your references using the International Journal of Women's Dermatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Women's Dermatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Morgan JV. Comment on “Determining chondritic impactor size from the marine osmium isotope record.” Science. 2008 Aug 29;321(5893):1158; author reply 1158.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hatton RD, Weaver CT. Immunology. T-bet or not T-bet. Science. 2003 Nov 7;302(5647):993–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Koga K, Tanaka H, Zeng XC. First-order transition in confined water between high-density liquid and low-density amorphous phases. Nature. 2000 Nov 30;408(6812):564–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Nayak M, Singh D, Singh H, Kant R, Gupta A, Pandey SS, et al. Integrated sorting, concentration and real time PCR based detection system for sensitive detection of microorganisms. Sci Rep. 2013 Nov 20;3:3266.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Peterson RL. Trading on Sentiment. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2016.
An edited book
Dolman AJ, Valentini R, Freibauer A, editors. The Continental-Scale Greenhouse Gas Balance of Europe. New York, NY: Springer; 2008. (Ecological Studies; vol. 203).
A chapter in an edited book
Devonshire-Ellis C, Scott A, Woollard S. Acquisition. In: Devonshire-Ellis C, Scott A, Woollard S, editors. Mergers & Acquisitions in China. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 33–6.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Women's Dermatology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. No, There’s Not A Bloody Pterosaur Flying Over Idaho [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Brockton Substance Abuse. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995 Jun. Report No.: HEHS-95-172R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mosbacker HL. Control of Electrical Transport Mechanisms at Metal-Zinc Oxide Interfaces by Subsurface Defect Engineering with Remote Plasma Treatment [Doctoral dissertation]. [Columbus, OH]: Ohio State University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J. That Padres Pitcher, She’s Got a Mean Screwball. New York Times. 2016 Sep 16;AR118.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Morgan 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Hatton and Weaver 2003; Morgan 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hatton and Weaver 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Nayak et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Women's Dermatology
AbbreviationInt. J. Womens Dermatol.
ISSN (print)2352-6475

Other styles