How to format your references using the International Journal of Women's Dermatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Women's Dermatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Domning DP. The earliest known fully quadrupedal sirenian. Nature. 2001 Oct 11;413(6856):625–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Suit HD, Withers HR. Endothelial cells and radiation gastrointestinal syndrome. Science. 2001 Nov 16;294(5546):1411.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rao CV, Wolf DM, Arkin AP. Control, exploitation and tolerance of intracellular noise. Nature. 2002 Nov 14;420(6912):231–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Schulze DJ, Harte B, Valley JW, Brenan JM, Channer DMDR. Extreme crustal oxygen isotope signatures preserved in coesite in diamond. Nature. 2003 May 1;423(6935):68–70.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chan NH, Wong HY. Handbook of Financial Risk Management. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Anson J, Luy M, editors. Mortality in an International Perspective. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. (European Studies of Population; vol. 18).
A chapter in an edited book
Hazewinkel M. Niceness theorems. In: Kotsireas IS, Zima EV, editors. Advances in Combinatorial Mathematics: Proceedings of the Waterloo Workshop in Computer Algebra 2008. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 79–125.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Women's Dermatology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Scientists Make Neurons From Human Skin Cells Using Only Chemicals [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Examination of Disbursing Officer’s Account, U.S. Army Aviation Center and School, Ft. Rucker, Alabama. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977 Apr. Report No.: 102186.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Valadez I. A psycho-education peer support group for homeless youth: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Taggart J, Granville K. How We Shop: Past, Present Future. New York Times. 2017 Apr 15;BU4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Domning 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Domning 2001; Suit and Withers 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Suit and Withers 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Schulze et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Women's Dermatology
AbbreviationInt. J. Womens Dermatol.
ISSN (print)2352-6475

Other styles