How to format your references using the International Journal of Women's Dermatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Women's Dermatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Caplan A. Bioethics. Is biomedical research too dangerous to pursue? Science. 2004 Feb 20;303(5661):1142.
A journal article with 2 authors
Moore G, Wilson EO. Center for Applied Biodiversity Science. Integrating science and conservation. Nature. 2000 May 11;405(6783):254.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shcherbina AY, Talley LD, Rudnick DL. Direct observations of North Pacific ventilation: brine rejection in the Okhotsk Sea. Science. 2003 Dec 12;302(5652):1952–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Eubank S, Guclu H, Kumar VSA, Marathe MV, Srinivasan A, Toroczkai Z, et al. Modelling disease outbreaks in realistic urban social networks. Nature. 2004 May 13;429(6988):180–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Müller B, Van de Voorde M. Nanoscience and Nanotechnology for Human Health. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2017.
An edited book
Farag E, Kurz A, editors. Perioperative Fluid Management. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Kłyk Ł, Myszkowski PB, Broda B, Piasecki M, Urbansky D. Metaheuristics for Tuning Model Parameters in Two Natural Language Processing Applications. In: Ramsay A, Agre G, editors. Artificial Intelligence: Methodology, Systems, and Applications: 15th International Conference, AIMSA 2012, Varna, Bulgaria, September 12-15, 2012 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 32–7. (Hutchison D, Kanade T, Kittler J, Kleinberg JM, Mattern F, Mitchell JC, et al., editors. Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Women's Dermatology.

Blog post
Hale T. The Most Commonly Hacked Passwords In 2016 Were... Painfully Obvious [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Technology Transfer: Several Factors Have Led to a Decline in Partnerships at DOE’s Laboratories. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002 Apr. Report No.: GAO-02-465.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tzillah A. The emissions of selected air pollutants from biodiesel fuel usage [Doctoral dissertation]. [Cincinnati, OH]: University of Cincinnati; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B. A Tempest in a Bourbon Bottle. New York Times. 2016 Apr 28;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Caplan 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Moore and Wilson 2000; Caplan 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Moore and Wilson 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Eubank et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Women's Dermatology
AbbreviationInt. J. Womens Dermatol.
ISSN (print)2352-6475

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