How to format your references using the International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kun H. 2015. Evaluation: Moving away from metrics. Nature. 520:S18-20.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nechiporuk A, Raible DW. 2008. FGF-dependent mechanosensory organ patterning in zebrafish. Science. 320:1774–1777.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hedde PN, Stakic M, Gratton E. 2014. Rapid measurement of molecular transport and interaction inside living cells using single plane illumination. Sci Rep. 4:7048.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Spruck CH, de Miguel MP, Smith APL, Ryan A, Stein P, Schultz RM, Lincoln AJ, Donovan PJ, Reed SI. 2003. Requirement of Cks2 for the first metaphase/anaphase transition of mammalian meiosis. Science. 300:647–650.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Helsel DR. 2011. Statistics for Censored Environmental Data Using Minitab® and R. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lübberstedt T, Varshney RK, editors. 2013. Diagnostics in Plant Breeding. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Solé M, Carmona J. 2012. An SMT-Based Discovery Algorithm for C-Nets. In: Haddad S, Pomello L, editors. Application and Theory of Petri Nets: 33rd International Conference, PETRI NETS 2012, Hamburg, Germany, June 25-29, 2012 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; p. 51–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2014. Caloric Restriction Increases Lifespan In Monkeys. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2013. Interstate Compacts: Transparency and Oversight of Bi-State Tolling Authorities Could Be Enhanced. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Birtler ER. 2014. Group therapy and knowledge of neuroplastic principles: The impact of health literacy on client locus of control in a therapy setting [Doctoral dissertation]. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly M. 1993. Again: It’s Hillary Rodham Clinton. Got That? New York Times.:133.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kun 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Nechiporuk & Raible 2008; Kun 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nechiporuk & Raible 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Spruck et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology
AbbreviationInt. J. Sustainable Dev. World Ecol.
ISSN (print)1350-4509
ISSN (online)1745-2627
ScopeManagement, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles