How to format your references using the International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Victor P. 2010. Questioning economic growth. Nature. 468(7322):370–371.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang X, Chory J. 2006. Brassinosteroids regulate dissociation of BKI1, a negative regulator of BRI1 signaling, from the plasma membrane. Science. 313(5790):1118–1122.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tomioka K, Yoshimura M, Fukui T. 2012. A III-V nanowire channel on silicon for high-performance vertical transistors. Nature. 488(7410):189–192.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Farrer RA, Henk DA, MacLean D, Studholme DJ, Fisher MC. 2013. Using false discovery rates to benchmark SNP-callers in next-generation sequencing projects. Sci Rep. 3:1512.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anderson D. 2007. TKO Management! Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Yengoh GT. 2016. Use of the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) to Assess Land Degradation at Multiple Scales: Current Status, Future Trends, and Practical Considerations. Dent D, Olsson L, Tengberg AE, Tucker CJ III, editors. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Brosio RA. 2006. Critical Theory for Schooling-Education and Society. In: Cooper K, White R, editors. The Practical Critical Educator. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; p. 71–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2014. Student Develops Inexpensive Solar Lens To Purify Polluted Water. IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1991. Information Resources: HCFA Must Better Justify Further Data Center Expansion. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stephens BS. 2017. Understanding CXC Chemokine Receptor 4 Activation by CXC Chemokine Ligand 12 [Doctoral dissertation]. La Jolla, CA: University of California San Diego.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon J, Blinder A, Najar N. 2017. Drinks at a Bar, Ethnic Insults, Then Gunshots. New York Times.:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Victor 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Wang & Chory 2006; Victor 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang & Chory 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Farrer et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology
AbbreviationInt. J. Sustainable Dev. World Ecol.
ISSN (print)1350-4509
ISSN (online)1745-2627
ScopeManagement, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles