How to format your references using the International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Barry C. 2015. Infectious disease. More than just bugs in spit. Science. 348(6235):633–634.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stixrude L, Peacor DR. 2002. First-principles study of illite-smectite and implications for clay mineral systems. Nature. 420(6912):165–168.
A journal article with 3 authors
Geary C, Rothemund PWK, Andersen ES. 2014. RNA nanostructures. A single-stranded architecture for cotranscriptional folding of RNA nanostructures. Science. 345(6198):799–804.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Opperman JJ, Galloway GE, Fargione J, Mount JF, Richter BD, Secchi S. 2009. Land use. Sustainable floodplains through large-scale reconnection to rivers. Science. 326(5959):1487–1488.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morsali A, Hashemi L. 2017. Main Group Metal Coordination Polymers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Rao MS, Carpenter M, Vemuri MC, editors. 2012. Neural Development and Stem Cells. 3rd ed. 2012. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
van Schalkwyk GJ, Hoi KKM. 2016. Youths’ Reasoning About Higher Education in Macao. In: King RB, Bernardo ABI, editors. The Psychology of Asian Learners: A Festschrift in Honor of David Watkins. Singapore: Springer; p. 71–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2014. Beautiful Park Spends Half The Year Completely Underwater. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2003. National Airspace System: Better Cost Data Could Improve FAA’s Management of the Standard Terminal Automation Replacement System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Haug JJ. 2010. A summer literacy intervention for struggling readers at the middle school level using strategies in comprehension, fluency, vocabulary, and positive school climate to improve reading comprehension: An evaluation study [Doctoral dissertation]. St. Charles, MO: Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M. 2010. Virtual Target Previews Fall. New York Times.:E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Barry 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Stixrude and Peacor 2002; Barry 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stixrude and Peacor 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Opperman et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology
AbbreviationInt. J. Sustainable Dev. World Ecol.
ISSN (print)1350-4509
ISSN (online)1745-2627
ScopeManagement, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles