How to format your references using the international journal of stomatology & occlusion medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for international journal of stomatology & occlusion medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Swift J. The point of it all. Science. 2014;346:882.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Rushton MJD, Chroneos A. Impact of uniaxial strain and doping on oxygen diffusion in CeO2. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6068.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Madden MEE, Bodnar RJ, Rimstidt JD. Jarosite as an indicator of water-limited chemical weathering on Mars. Nature. 2004;431:821–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Wu Q, He W, Liu H-L, Ye J, Zhang X-Q, Yang H-T, et al. Tuning magnetic anisotropies of Fe films on Si(111) substrate via direction variation of heating current. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1547.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Chowdhury D, Stauffer D. Principles of Equilibrium Statistical Mechanics. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
1. Viens F, Feng J, Hu Y, Nualart E, editors. Malliavin Calculus and Stochastic Analysis: A Festschrift in Honor of David Nualart. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Mayer MP. Chaperones in the Morphogenesis of Viruses. In: Pockley AG, Calderwood SK, Santoro MG, editors. Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Heat Shock Proteins in Infectious Disease. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010. p. 85–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for international journal of stomatology & occlusion medicine.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. From Rockets To Space Toilets: Unique Exhibition Celebrates Soviet Cosmonauts [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Resolution Trust Corporation: Stronger Information Technology Leadership Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990 Jul. Report No.: IMTEC-90-76.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Koons LM. An outreach program for homeless individuals: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Masood S, Hubbard B. Pakistan Approves Military Hero to Head a Tricky Saudi-Led Alliance. New York Times. 2017 Apr 2;A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleinternational journal of stomatology & occlusion medicine
AbbreviationInt. J. Stomatol. Occlusion Med.
ISSN (print)1867-2221
ISSN (online)1867-223X

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