How to format your references using the international journal of stomatology & occlusion medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for international journal of stomatology & occlusion medicine (J. Stomat. Occ. Med.). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Baker M. Cellular imaging: Taking a long, hard look. Nature. 2010;466:1137–40.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Fernandes VM, Desplan C. Neurobiology: Inversion in the worm. Nature. 2015;523:44–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Rieping W, Habeck M, Nilges M. Inferential structure determination. Science. 2005;309:303–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Hüttelmaier S, Zenklusen D, Lederer M, Dictenberg J, Lorenz M, Meng X, et al. Spatial regulation of beta-actin translation by Src-dependent phosphorylation of ZBP1. Nature. 2005;438:512–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Dimitriadis G. Introduction to Nonlinear Aeroelasticity. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
1. Jung G, editor. Fluorescent Proteins II: Application of Fluorescent Protein Technology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Bylina J, Bylina B, Zoła A, Skaraczyński T. A Markovian Model of a Call Center with Time Varying Arrival Rate and Skill Based Routing. In: Kwiecień A, Gaj P, Stera P, editors. Computer Networks: 16th Conference, CN 2009, Wisła, Poland, June 16-20, 2009 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 26–33.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for international journal of stomatology & occlusion medicine.

Blog post
1. Fang J. Your Microbes Get Jetlag Too [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Risk of Serious Disruption to Essential Government Functions Calls for Agency Action Now. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997 Feb. Report No.: T-AIMD-97-52.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Sutton DS. Structural and geophysical interpretation of Roatán Island, Honduras, Western Caribbean [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. MacFARQUHAR N. Russia Charges Minister in an Oil Bribery Scandal. New York Times. 2016 Nov 15;A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleinternational journal of stomatology & occlusion medicine
AbbreviationInt. J. Stomatol. Occlusion Med.
ISSN (print)1867-2221
ISSN (online)1867-223X

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