How to format your references using the international journal of stomatology & occlusion medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for international journal of stomatology & occlusion medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Gilbert D. Buried by bad decisions. Nature. 2011;474:275–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Goldfine H, Vance DE. Obituary: Konrad E. Bloch (1912-2000). Nature. 2001;409:779.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Meeusen S, McCaffery JM, Nunnari J. Mitochondrial fusion intermediates revealed in vitro. Science. 2004;305:1747–52.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Zeng Y, Xie X, Duan J, Zhou T, Zhang Y, Yang M, et al. Perturbation of mitiglinide metabolism by chronic unpredicted mild stress in rats. Sci Rep. 2014;4:3794.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Larkin RF, DiTommaso M. Wiley Not-for-Profit GAAP 2015. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
1. Celletti A, Locatelli U, Ruggeri T, Strickland E, editors. Mathematical Models and Methods for Planet Earth. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Shih Y-K, Su H, Kao S-S. On the Hamiltonian-Connectedness for Graphs Satisfying Ore’s Theorem. In: Chang R-S, Jain LC, Peng S-L, editors. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Applications - Volume 1: Proceedings of the International Computer Symposium ICS 2012 Held at Hualien, Taiwan, December 12–14, 2012. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 25–31.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for international journal of stomatology & occlusion medicine.

Blog post
1. Davis J. Giant Pterosaurs May Have Been Munching On Human-Sized Dinosaurs [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Radio Marti. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 Feb. Report No.: NSIAD-93-126R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Yasar K. Electrified voices: Media technology and discourse in modern Japan [Doctoral dissertation]. [New York, NY]: Columbia University; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Vecsey G. A Usual Suspect Slips Into a Party Owned by Outsiders. New York Times. 2011 Mar 28;D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleinternational journal of stomatology & occlusion medicine
AbbreviationInt. J. Stomatol. Occlusion Med.
ISSN (print)1867-2221
ISSN (online)1867-223X

Other styles