How to format your references using the International Journal of STD & AIDS citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of STD & AIDS. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Huybers P. Combined obliquity and precession pacing of late Pleistocene deglaciations. Nature. 2011 Dec 8;480(7376):229–32.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bannerman DM, Sprengel R. Neuroscience. Remembering the subtle differences. Science. 2007 Jul 6;317(5834):50–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yao L, Xi L, Jiang H. Photoacoustic computed microscopy. Sci Rep. 2014 May 14;4:4960.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Bailey JV, Joye SB, Kalanetra KM, Flood BE, Corsetti FA. Evidence of giant sulphur bacteria in Neoproterozoic phosphorites. Nature. 2007 Jan 11;445(7124):198–201.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
King M. Process Control. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
Huneman P, editor. Functions: selection and mechanisms. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013. VIII, 243 p. 3 illus. (Synthese Library, Studies in Epistemology, Logic, Methodology, and Philosophy of Science; vol. 363).
A chapter in an edited book
Stoimenov N, Chakraborty S, Thiele L. Interface-Based Design of Real-Time Systems. In: Chakraborty S, Eberspächer J, editors. Advances in Real-Time Systems. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 83–101.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of STD & AIDS.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Supercomputer Network Employed To Shed Light On The Dark Universe [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Applying Agreed-Upon Procedures: Airport and Airway Trust Fund Excise Taxes. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007 Nov. Report No.: GAO-08-203R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gomez-Zuebisch LC. A phenomenological exploration of the learning values derived from instructional short videos among adult learners [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper M. Venezuela Cancels Dudamel’s Tour. New York Times. 2017 Aug 21;C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of STD & AIDS
AbbreviationInt. J. STD AIDS
ISSN (print)0956-4624
ISSN (online)1758-1052
Infectious Diseases
Pharmacology (medical)
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles