How to format your references using the International Journal of STD & AIDS citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of STD & AIDS. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zwier TS. Chemistry. Probing frozen molecular embraces. Science. 2012 Feb 10;335(6069):668–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Behar SM, Baehrecke EH. Tuberculosis: Autophagy is not the answer. Nature. 2015 Dec 24;528(7583):482–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Woodruff JD, Irish JL, Camargo SJ. Coastal flooding by tropical cyclones and sea-level rise. Nature. 2013 Dec 5;504(7478):44–52.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Huang E-W, Qiao J, Winiarski B, Lee W-J, Scheel M, Chuang C-P, et al. Microyielding of core-shell crystal dendrites in a bulk-metallic-glass matrix composite. Sci Rep. 2014 Mar 18;4:4394.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
DiGrado BD, Thorp GA. The Aboveground Steel Storage Tank Handbook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2007.
An edited book
Portugali J, Meyer H, Stolk E, Tan E, editors. Complexity Theories of Cities Have Come of Age: An Overview with Implications to Urban Planning and Design. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. XIV, 434 p.
A chapter in an edited book
Choi T-M, Chiu C-H. Mean-Risk Analysis of Supply Chain Coordination Problems. In: Chiu C-H, editor. Risk Analysis in Stochastic Supply Chains: A Mean-Risk Approach. New York, NY: Springer; 2012. p. 61–85. (International Series in Operations Research & Management Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of STD & AIDS.

Blog post
Hale T. Where Is The Happiest Place In The US? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Industrialization Act of 1980. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1980 Jun. Report No.: 112559.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wolzinger R. Strengthening Career and Technical Education in the California Community College System during the financial and labor market crisis [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper M. Dudamel Condemns Venezuelan Politics. New York Times. 2017 May 4;C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of STD & AIDS
AbbreviationInt. J. STD AIDS
ISSN (print)0956-4624
ISSN (online)1758-1052
Infectious Diseases
Pharmacology (medical)
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles