How to format your references using the International Journal of STD & AIDS citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of STD & AIDS. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Benkler Y. Intellectual property. Commons-based strategies and the problems of patents. Science. 2004 Aug 20;305(5687):1110–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kalaany NY, Sabatini DM. Tumours with PI3K activation are resistant to dietary restriction. Nature. 2009 Apr 9;458(7239):725–31.
A journal article with 3 authors
Long MA, Jin DZ, Fee MS. Support for a synaptic chain model of neuronal sequence generation. Nature. 2010 Nov 18;468(7322):394–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kim KJ, Lee S-W, Yim T, Kim J-G, Choi JW, Kim JH, et al. A new strategy for integrating abundant oxygen functional groups into carbon felt electrode for vanadium redox flow batteries. Sci Rep. 2014 Nov 4;4:6906.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wiebe VJ. Drug Therapy for Infectious Diseases of the Dog and Cat. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
Furse MT, Hering D, Brabec K, Buffagni A, Sandin L, Verdonschot PFM, editors. The Ecological Status of European Rivers: Evaluation and Intercalibration of Assessment Methods. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006. VIII, 555 p. (Developments in Hydrobiology; vol. 188).
A chapter in an edited book
Coventry BJ, Stavrou P. Foot Surgery. In: Coventry BJ, editor. Peripheral, Head and Neck Surgery. London: Springer; 2014. p. 49–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of STD & AIDS.

Blog post
Hamilton K. A Man Took This Photograph Of Birds, And Turned Their Positions Into Musical Notes [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s Planned Use of Information Technology for the Space Station. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987 May. Report No.: T-IMTEC-87-5.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Salam S. Interplay between Fines Content and Strength Characteristics of CA 6 and CA 2 Crushed Limestone Aggregate [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J. Williams Expected to Get His Own Show on MSNBC. New York Times. 2016 Aug 17;B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of STD & AIDS
AbbreviationInt. J. STD AIDS
ISSN (print)0956-4624
ISSN (online)1758-1052
Infectious Diseases
Pharmacology (medical)
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles