How to format your references using the International Journal of STD & AIDS citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of STD & AIDS. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jacob NP. IBI* series winner. Investigating Arabia Mountain: a molecular approach. Science. 2012 Mar 30;335(6076):1588–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tam WY, Ma CHE. Bipolar/rod-shaped microglia are proliferating microglia with distinct M1/M2 phenotypes. Sci Rep. 2014 Dec 2;4:7279.
A journal article with 3 authors
Huang S, Lee C-TA, Yin Q-Z. Missing lead and high 3He/4He in ancient sulfides associated with continental crust formation. Sci Rep. 2014 Jun 17;4:5314.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Heckenberger MJ, Russell JC, Fausto C, Toney JR, Schmidt MJ, Pereira E, et al. Pre-Columbian urbanism, anthropogenic landscapes, and the future of the Amazon. Science. 2008 Aug 29;321(5893):1214–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Parker JS, Anderson RL. Low-Energy Lunar Trajectory Design. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
Ding Y, Rousseau R, Wolfram D, editors. Measuring Scholarly Impact: Methods and Practice. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. XIV, 346 p. 89 illus., 68 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
Chanturia VA, Lavrinenko AA, Sorokin AP. COMBINED CHEMICAL-BENEFICIATION PROCESSES OF VALUABLE COMPONENTS EXTRACTION FROM COAL BURNING WASTES. In: Litvinenko V, editor. XVIII International Coal Preparation Congress: 28 June—01 July 2016 Saint-Petersburg, Russia. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 29–34.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of STD & AIDS.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. New Horizons Begins Life After Pluto By Studying Distant Solar System Object [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Contractors’ Independent Research and Development. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1975 Sep. Report No.: 094624.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sosa Tzec O. Delightful Interactive Systems: A Rhetorical Examination [Doctoral dissertation]. [Bloomington, IN]: Indiana University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Dinardo K. Tom Allen on His 32-Country Solo Bike Ride and the Video He Made About It. New York Times. 2014 Feb 23;TR3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of STD & AIDS
AbbreviationInt. J. STD AIDS
ISSN (print)0956-4624
ISSN (online)1758-1052
Infectious Diseases
Pharmacology (medical)
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles