How to format your references using the International Journal of Research & Method in Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Research & Method in Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schiermeier, Quirin. 2005. “Small Is Beautiful.” Nature 435 (7041): 532–533.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wolfe, Michael S., and Raphael Kopan. 2004. “Intramembrane Proteolysis: Theme and Variations.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 305 (5687): 1119–1123.
A journal article with 3 authors
Moritz, Chet T., Steve I. Perlmutter, and Eberhard E. Fetz. 2008. “Direct Control of Paralysed Muscles by Cortical Neurons.” Nature 456 (7222): 639–642.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Li, Yuan, Mingjun Wang, Huilin Wang, Hao Tan, Ziding Zhang, Geoffrey I. Webb, and Jiangning Song. 2014. “Accurate in Silico Identification of Species-Specific Acetylation Sites by Integrating Protein Sequence-Derived and Functional Features.” Scientific Reports 4 (July): 5765.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stoican, Florin, and Sorin Olaru. 2013. Set-Theoretic Fault-Tolerant Control in Multisensor Systems. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Jiang, Shuiping, ed. 2008. Regulatory T Cells and Clinical Application. New York, NY: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang, Jiang, Zicheng Liu, and Ying Wu. 2014. “Conclusion.” In Human Action Recognition with Depth Cameras, edited by Zicheng Liu and Ying Wu, 57–58. SpringerBriefs in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Research & Method in Education.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “Researchers Make Huge Step Forward In Understanding How The Brain Processes Emotions.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. Customs Automation: Weakness in Revenue Collection at John F. Kennedy International Airport. IMTEC-90-16. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Branch, James. 2017. “A Case Study of Perceptions and Experiences among African-American Males Regarding College Dropout Rates in a Community College.” Doctoral dissertation, Scottsdale, AZ: Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, Linda. 2008. “SAILING.” New York Times, June 8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schiermeier 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Schiermeier 2005; Wolfe and Kopan 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wolfe and Kopan 2004)
  • Three authors: (Moritz, Perlmutter, and Fetz 2008)
  • 4 or more authors: (Li et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Research & Method in Education
ISSN (print)1743-727X
ISSN (online)1743-7288

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