How to format your references using the International Journal of Research & Method in Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Research & Method in Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weeds, Alan. 2013. “Hugh Huxley (1924-2013).” Nature 500 (7464): 530.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fry, Douglas P., and Patrik Söderberg. 2013. “Lethal Aggression in Mobile Forager Bands and Implications for the Origins of War.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 341 (6143): 270–273.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yoshimura, Kazuya, Yuichi Onda, and Takehiko Fukushima. 2014. “Sediment Particle Size and Initial Radiocesium Accumulation in Ponds Following the Fukushima DNPP Accident.” Scientific Reports 4 (March): 4514.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Stokroos, I., L. Litinetsky, J. J. van der Want, and J. S. Ishay. 2001. “Magnetic Minerals. Keystone-like Crystals in Cells of Hornet Combs.” Nature 411 (6838): 654.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rémond, Yves, Saïd Ahzi, Majid Baniassadi, and Hamid Garmestani. 2016. Applied RVE Reconstruction and Homogenization of Heterogeneous Materials. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lofrano, Giusy, ed. 2012. Green Technologies for Wastewater Treatment: Energy Recovery and Emerging Compounds Removal. SpringerBriefs in Molecular Science. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Barra, Mathias. 2008. “Pure Iteration and Periodicity.” In Logic and Theory of Algorithms: 4th Conference on Computability in Europe, CiE 2008, Athens, Greece, June 15-20, 2008 Proceedings, edited by Arnold Beckmann, Costas Dimitracopoulos, and Benedikt Löwe, 42–51. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Research & Method in Education.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. 2017. “Scientists Launch Search For The Supposedly Extinct Tasmanian Tiger.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1996. Supercomputers. NSIAD-97-54R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kennedy, Keight Tucker. 2016. “A Heuristic Study of Religious Spirituality and Meaningful Work.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon, John. 2016. “Violence in Milwaukee Was No Shock to Some.” New York Times, August 15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Weeds 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Weeds 2013; Fry and Söderberg 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fry and Söderberg 2013)
  • Three authors: (Yoshimura, Onda, and Fukushima 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Stokroos et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Research & Method in Education
ISSN (print)1743-727X
ISSN (online)1743-7288

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