How to format your references using the International Journal of Food Science & Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Food Science & Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Padian, K. (2001). Owen’s Parthian shot. Nature, 412, 123–124.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wu, L.-Q. & Dickman, J.D. (2012). Neural correlates of a magnetic sense. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336, 1054–1057.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bouchard, M.J., Wang, L.H. & Schneider, R.J. (2001). Calcium signaling by HBx protein in hepatitis B virus DNA replication. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294, 2376–2378.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hughey, J.R., Gabrielson, P.W., Rohmer, L., Tortolani, J., Silva, M., Miller, K.A., Young, J.D., Martell, C. & Ruediger, E. (2014). Minimally destructive sampling of type specimens of Pyropia (Bangiales, Rhodophyta) recovers complete plastid and mitochondrial genomes. Scientific reports, 4, 5113.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dimon, R. (2013). Enterprise Performance Management Done Right. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Weisburd, D. (2007). Statistics in Criminal Justice. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Buynevich, I.V., Bitinas, A. & Pupienis, D. (2015). Aeolian Sand Invasion: Georadar Signatures from the Curonian Spit Dunes, Lithuania. In: Sand and Gravel Spits, Coastal Research Library (edited by G. Randazzo, D.W.T. Jackson & J.A.G. Cooper). Pp. 67–78. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Food Science & Technology.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016). Meet Viserion And Drogon: The New Ant Species Named After The Game Of Thrones Dragons [Internet document] . IFLScienceURL Accessed 30/10/2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2016). Information Technology: Agencies Need to Improve Their Application Inventories to Achieve Additional Savings ( No. GAO-16-511). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shetter, R.M. (2012). Assaulting the littorals: The development and evolution of a dedicated American amphibious assault force (Doctoral dissertation).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2010). More Than Moussaka. New York Times, NJ10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Padian, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Padian, 2001; Wu and Dickman, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wu and Dickman, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Hughey et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Food Science & Technology
AbbreviationInt. J. Food Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)0950-5423
ISSN (online)1365-2621
ScopeFood Science
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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