How to format your references using the International Journal of Food Science & Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Food Science & Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heyworth, M.F. (2000). Sky was not the limit for music-loving Herschel. Nature, 407, 286.
A journal article with 2 authors
Boettiger, A.N. & Levine, M. (2009). Synchronous and stochastic patterns of gene activation in the Drosophila embryo. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325, 471–473.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tripati, A.K., Roberts, C.D. & Eagle, R.A. (2009). Coupling of CO2 and ice sheet stability over major climate transitions of the last 20 million years. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326, 1394–1397.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gu, M., Xiao, X.-C., Liu, G., Thevuthasan, S., Baer, D.R., Zhang, J.-G., Liu, J., Browning, N.D. & Wang, C.-M. (2014). Mesoscale origin of the enhanced cycling-stability of the Si-conductive polymer anode for Li-ion batteries. Scientific reports, 4, 3684.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pétrowski, A. & Ben-Hamida, S. (2017). Evolutionary Algorithms. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Oswalt, T.D., French, L.M. & Kalas, P. (Eds.). (2013). Planets, Stars and Stellar Systems: Volume 3: Solar and Stellar Planetary Systems. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Kendall, M. & Martin, K.M. (2012). On the Role of Expander Graphs in Key Predistribution Schemes for Wireless Sensor Networks. In: Research in Cryptology: 4th Western European Workshop, WEWoRC 2011, Weimar, Germany, July 20-22, 2011, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science (edited by F. Armknecht & S. Lucks). Pp. 62–82. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Food Science & Technology.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2017). Smackdown! Venomous Fish Deal Drugs On Coral Reefs [Internet document] . IFLScienceURL Accessed 30/10/2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Federal Education Funding: Multiple Programs and Lack of Data Raise Efficiency and Effectiveness Concerns (Supplemental Information to Testimony) ( No. HEHS-98-77R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ringler, I. (2008). Values satisfaction and participation in a community leadership program: A case study (Doctoral dissertation).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017). Future Is Now for Mets Prospect Rosario. New York Times, B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Heyworth, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Heyworth, 2000; Boettiger and Levine, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Boettiger and Levine, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Gu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Food Science & Technology
AbbreviationInt. J. Food Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)0950-5423
ISSN (online)1365-2621
ScopeFood Science
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Other styles