How to format your references using the International Journal of Food Science & Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Food Science & Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nguyen, T.H. (2005). Security. Microchallenges of chemical weapons proliferation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309, 1021.
A journal article with 2 authors
Acemoglu, D. & Robinson, J. (2009). Economics. Foundations of societal inequality. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326, 678–679.
A journal article with 3 authors
Scholey, J.M., Brust-Mascher, I. & Mogilner, A. (2003). Cell division. Nature, 422, 746–752.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Swan, B.K., Martinez-Garcia, M., Preston, C.M., Sczyrba, A., Woyke, T., Lamy, D., Reinthaler, T., Poulton, N.J., Masland, E.D.P., Gomez, M.L., Sieracki, M.E., DeLong, E.F., Herndl, G.J. & Stepanauskas, R. (2011). Potential for chemolithoautotrophy among ubiquitous bacteria lineages in the dark ocean. Science (New York, N.Y.), 333, 1296–1300.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lißner, K. & Rug, W. (2016). Der Eurocode 5 für Deutschland Eurocode 5: Bemessung und Konstruktion von Holzbauten. Berlin, Germany: Wilhelm Ernst & Sohn Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG.
An edited book
Kogan, J., Nicholas, C. & Teboulle, M. (Eds.). (2006). Grouping Multidimensional Data: Recent Advances in Clustering. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Teo, H.-M. (2016). Imperial Affairs: The British Empire and the Romantic Novel, 1890–1939. In: New Directions in Popular Fiction: Genre, Distribution, Reproduction (edited by K. Gelder). Pp. 87–110. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Food Science & Technology.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014). Cosmological Big Bang Or Damp Squib? [Internet document] . IFLScienceURL Accessed 30/10/2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Environmental Protection: Solving NASA’s Current Problems Requires Agencywide Emphasis ( No. NSIAD-91-146). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Littlefield, S. (2017). Application of Discrete Event Simulation to Modeling Reliability of Highly Parallel Systems with Common Cause Failures (Doctoral dissertation).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2005). Justices Weighing Narcotics Policy Against Needs of a Church. New York Times, A26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nguyen, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Nguyen, 2005; Acemoglu and Robinson, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Acemoglu and Robinson, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Swan et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Food Science & Technology
AbbreviationInt. J. Food Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)0950-5423
ISSN (online)1365-2621
ScopeFood Science
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Other styles