How to format your references using the International Journal of Children's Spirituality citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Children's Spirituality. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Liljas, Anders. 2008. “Biochemistry. Getting Close to Termination.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 322 (5903): 863–865.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yuan, Jinkai, and Philippe Poulin. 2014. “Materials Science. Fibers Do the Twist.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 343 (6173): 845–846.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schroeder, J. I., J. M. Kwak, and G. J. Allen. 2001. “Guard Cell Abscisic Acid Signalling and Engineering Drought Hardiness in Plants.” Nature 410 (6826): 327–330.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
López-Avilés, Sandra, Orsolya Kapuy, Béla Novák, and Frank Uhlmann. 2009. “Irreversibility of Mitotic Exit Is the Consequence of Systems-Level Feedback.” Nature 459 (7246): 592–595.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Voldman, Steven H. 2014. ESD. Chichester, United Kingdom: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Eilks, Ingo, and Avi Hofstein, eds. 2013. Teaching Chemistry – A Studybook: A Practical Guide and Textbook for Student Teachers, Teacher Trainees and Teachers. Rotterdam: SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Garcia-Prieto, Patricia. 2014. “Psycho-Oncology: A Patient’s View.” In Psycho-Oncology, edited by Ute Goerling, 49–58. Recent Results in Cancer Research. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Children's Spirituality.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Scientists Develop Pill That Could Let Celiacs Eat Gluten.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1994. Weather Forecasting: Systems Architecture Needed for National Weather Service Modernization. AIMD-94-28. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Steiner, Christopher Paul. 2015. “Three Essays in Applied Microeconomics.” Doctoral dissertation, La Jolla, CA: University of California San Diego.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, Kelly. 2001. “Residents Banish a Coffee Cart, Amid Cries of Uncaring Elitism.” New York Times, January 21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Liljas 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Liljas 2008; Yuan and Poulin 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yuan and Poulin 2014)
  • Three authors: (Schroeder, Kwak, and Allen 2001)
  • 4 or more authors: (López-Avilés et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Children's Spirituality
ISSN (print)1364-436X
ISSN (online)1469-8455
Religious studies
Developmental and Educational Psychology

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