How to format your references using the International Journal of Children's Spirituality citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Children's Spirituality. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Soden, B. J. 2000. “Atmospheric Physics. Enlightening Water Vapour.” Nature 406 (6793): 247–248.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shapiro, B., and M. Hofreiter. 2014. “A Paleogenomic Perspective on Evolution and Gene Function: New Insights from Ancient DNA.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 343 (6169): 1236573.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sale, Julian E., Ketan J. Patel, and Facundo D. Batista. 2013. “Retrospective. Michael Neuberger (1953-2013).” Science (New York, N.Y.) 342 (6164): 1335.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Athale, Chaitanya A., Ana Dinarina, Maria Mora-Coral, Céline Pugieux, Francois Nedelec, and Eric Karsenti. 2008. “Regulation of Microtubule Dynamics by Reaction Cascades around Chromosomes.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 322 (5905): 1243–1247.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Silvia, John E. 2011. Dynamic Economic Decision Making. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Yang, Shanchieh Jay, Ariel M. Greenberg, and Mica Endsley, eds. 2012. Social Computing, Behavioral - Cultural Modeling and Prediction: 5th International Conference, SBP 2012, College Park, MD, USA, April 3-5, 2012. Proceedings. Vol. 7227. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Felici, Giovanni, Bruno Simeone, and Vincenzo Spinelli. 2010. “Classification Techniques and Error Control in Logic Mining.” In Data Mining: Special Issue in Annals of Information Systems, edited by Robert Stahlbock, Sven F. Crone, and Stefan Lessmann, 99–119. Annals of Information Systems. Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Children's Spirituality.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin. 2017. “If The USA Exits The Paris Agreement, This Is What Will Happen.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2017. NASA Commercial Crew Program: Schedule Pressure Increases as Contractors Delay Key Events. GAO-17-137. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Llerena, Katiah. 2010. “The Social Behaviors and Emotional Characteristics of Individuals Elevated on Social Anhedonia.” Doctoral dissertation, College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, Ben. 2017. “Film Series.” New York Times, March 23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Soden 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Soden 2000; Shapiro and Hofreiter 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shapiro and Hofreiter 2014)
  • Three authors: (Sale, Patel, and Batista 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Athale et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Children's Spirituality
ISSN (print)1364-436X
ISSN (online)1469-8455
Religious studies
Developmental and Educational Psychology

Other styles