How to format your references using the International Journal of Children's Spirituality citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Children's Spirituality. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jenkins, Martin. 2003. “Prospects for Biodiversity.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 302 (5648): 1175–1177.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rui, Guanghao, and Qiwen Zhan. 2014. “Highly Sensitive Beam Steering with Plasmonic Antenna.” Scientific Reports 4 (August): 5962.
A journal article with 3 authors
DasGupta, Shamik, Clara Howcroft Ferreira, and Gero Miesenböck. 2014. “FoxP Influences the Speed and Accuracy of a Perceptual Decision in Drosophila.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 344 (6186): 901–904.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Bhat, M. H., V. Molinero, E. Soignard, V. C. Solomon, S. Sastry, J. L. Yarger, and C. A. Angell. 2007. “Vitrification of a Monatomic Metallic Liquid.” Nature 448 (7155): 787–790.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sanchez, Antonio, and Belen Carro. 2017. Digital Services in the 21st Century. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Barranger, John A. 2007. Lysosomal Storage Disorders. Edited by Mario A. Cabrera-Salazar. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Usher, Robin, and Richard Edwards. 2007. “The Language Games of Lifelong Learning.” In Lifelong Learning – Signs, Discourses, Practices, edited by Richard Edwards, 69–88. Lifelong Learning Book Series. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Children's Spirituality.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “Is Your Religion Ready To Meet ET?” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1985. Institutional Aid Under Title III of the Higher Education Act of 1965. 127541. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crane, Coriandré Cerise. 2017. “A Qualitative Study on the Preferred Working Environment of Southern California Secondary Teachers with Experience in Both a District Traditional School and a District Charter School.” Doctoral dissertation, Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, Kelly. 2001. “Residents Banish a Coffee Cart, Amid Cries of Uncaring Elitism.” New York Times, January 21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jenkins 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Jenkins 2003; Rui and Zhan 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rui and Zhan 2014)
  • Three authors: (DasGupta, Ferreira, and Miesenböck 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Bhat et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Children's Spirituality
ISSN (print)1364-436X
ISSN (online)1469-8455
Religious studies
Developmental and Educational Psychology

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