How to format your references using the International Journal of Biodiversity Science, Ecosystem Services & Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Biodiversity Science, Ecosystem Services & Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
May PW. 2008. Materials science. The new diamond age? Science. 319(5869):1490–1491.
A journal article with 2 authors
Guo Z, Ohlstein B. 2015. Stem cell regulation. Bidirectional Notch signaling regulates Drosophila intestinal stem cell multipotency. Science. 350(6263).
A journal article with 3 authors
Haas W, Shepard BD, Gilmore MS. 2002. Two-component regulator of Enterococcus faecalis cytolysin responds to quorum-sensing autoinduction. Nature. 415(6867):84–87.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Yang P, Du CW, Kwan M, Liang SX, Zhang GJ. 2013. The impact of p53 in predicting clinical outcome of breast cancer patients with visceral metastasis. Sci Rep. 3:2246.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maidl B, Thewes M, Maidl U. 2014. Handbook of Tunnel Engineering II. D-69451 Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH.
An edited book
Cheng L, Bostwick DG, editors. 2006. Essentials of Anatomic Pathology. Second Edition. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Tan Michael, Tan Michelle. 2015. Developing Disciplinary Intuitions in the Natural Sciences. In: Lim KYT, editor. Disciplinary Intuitions and the Design of Learning Environments. Singapore: Springer; p. 55–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Biodiversity Science, Ecosystem Services & Management.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2014. Dental Plaque Reveals Pre-Agriculture Plant Food For Humans. IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2004. Tax Policy: Historical Tax Treatment of INTELSAT and Current Tax Rules for Satellite Corporations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Khanabadi Ghehi M. 2017. Global Operation of Integrated Decentralized Power Systems [Doctoral dissertation]. Mississippi State, MS: Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kristof ND. 2011. Tussling Over Jesus. New York Times.:A31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (May 2008).
This sentence cites two references (May 2008; Guo & Ohlstein 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Guo & Ohlstein 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Yang et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Biodiversity Science, Ecosystem Services & Management
AbbreviationInt. J. Biodivers. Sci. Eco. Srvcs. Mgmt.
ISSN (print)2151-3732
ISSN (online)2151-3740
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Nature and Landscape Conservation

Other styles