How to format your references using the International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue internationale de Sémiotique juridique citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue internationale de Sémiotique juridique. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stachel, John. 2005. 1905 and all that. Nature 433: 215–217.
A journal article with 2 authors
DeConto, Robert M., and David Pollard. 2003. Rapid Cenozoic glaciation of Antarctica induced by declining atmospheric CO2. Nature 421: 245–249.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lavrentovich, Oleg D., Israel Lazo, and Oleg P. Pishnyak. 2010. Nonlinear electrophoresis of dielectric and metal spheres in a nematic liquid crystal. Nature 467: 947–950.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Oremland, Ronald S., Thomas R. Kulp, Jodi Switzer Blum, Shelley E. Hoeft, Shaun Baesman, Laurence G. Miller, and John F. Stolz. 2005. A microbial arsenic cycle in a salt-saturated, extreme environment. Science (New York, N.Y.) 308: 1305–1308.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grigorenko, Yu N., G. V. Chilingar, V. S. Sobolev, T. A. Andiyeva, and L. I. Zhukova. 2012. Petroleum Accumulation Zones on Continental Margins. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Schwabe, Kurt, Jose Albiac, Jeffery D. Connor, Rashid M. Hassan, and Liliana Meza González, ed. 2013. Drought in Arid and Semi-Arid Regions: A Multi-Disciplinary and Cross-Country Perspective. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Stiefel, Friedrich, and Sonia Krenz. 2013. Psychological Challenges for the Oncology Clinician Who Has to Break Bad News. In New Challenges in Communication with Cancer Patients, ed. Antonella Surbone, Matjaž Zwitter, Mirjana Rajer, and Richard Stiefel, 51–62. Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue internationale de Sémiotique juridique.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. Fast-Spreading Killers: How Ebola Compares with Other Diseases. IFLScience. IFLScience. November 9.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1996. NASA Facilities: Challenges to Achieving Reductions and Efficiencies. T-NSIAD-96-238. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ponder, Stan. 2010. Parent information nights: An elementary school principal’s search to increase parent input and affect the learning-at-home environment. Doctoral dissertation, St. Charles, MO: Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon, John. 2017. For Some in Charlottesville, Statue Dispute Distracts From City’s Deep Racial Split. New York Times, August 19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue internationale de Sémiotique juridique
AbbreviationInt. J. Semiot. Law
ISSN (print)0952-8059
ISSN (online)1572-8722
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics

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