How to format your references using the International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Parasnis, D., 2000. Proteins and the naked truth about e-commerce. Nature 403, 129–130.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bandyopadhyay, P.R., Hansen, J.C., 2013. Breakup and then makeup: a predictive model of how cilia self-regulate hardness for posture control. Sci. Rep. 3, 1956.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hung, C.-L., Gurarie, V., Chin, C., 2013. From cosmology to cold atoms: observation of Sakharov oscillations in a quenched atomic superfluid. Science 341, 1213–1215.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Basu, A.R., Jacobsen, S.B., Poreda, R.J., Dowling, C.B., Aggarwal, P.K., 2001. Large groundwater strontium flux to the oceans from the Bengal Basin and the marine strontium isotope record. Science 293, 1470–1473.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pommier, S., Gravouil, A., Combescure, A., Moës, N., 2013. Extended Finite Element Method for Crack Propagation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA.
An edited book
Sen Gupta, G., Bailey, D., Demidenko, S., Carnegie, D. (Eds.), 2013. Recent Advances in Robotics and Automation, Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Bondarenko, V., Troyanova, G., Balucani, M., Ferrari, A., 2005. Porous Silicon Based SOI: History and Prospects, in: Flandre, D., Nazarov, A.N., Hemment, P.L.F. (Eds.), Science and Technology of Semiconductor-On-Insulator Structures and Devices Operating in a Harsh Environment: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Science and Technology of Semiconductor-On-Insulator Structures and Devices Operating in a Harsh Environment Kiev, Ukraine 26–30 April 2004, NATO Science Series II: Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 53–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2016. Marine Ecosystems Took 3 Million Years To Recover After The Great Dying [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2001. Army Training: Improvements Are Needed in 5-Ton Truck Driver Training and Supervision (No. GAO-01-436). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Espinoza, E., 2015. Understanding help-seeking behavior among at-risk Latino male high school students (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2016. Mets’ Reed Finds Dominance in the Heart of the Plate. New York Times B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Parasnis, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Bandyopadhyay and Hansen, 2013; Parasnis, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bandyopadhyay and Hansen, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Basu et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife
AbbreviationInt. J. Parasitol. Parasites Wildl.
ISSN (print)2213-2244
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Infectious Diseases

Other styles