How to format your references using the International Journal for Parasitology: Drugs and Drug Resistance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal for Parasitology: Drugs and Drug Resistance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Knapp, S., 2003. Dynamic diversity. Nature 422, 475.
A journal article with 2 authors
Falkowski, P.G., Davis, C.S., 2004. Natural proportions. Nature 431, 131.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kiss, I.Z., Zhai, Y., Hudson, J.L., 2002. Emerging coherence in a population of chemical oscillators. Science 296, 1676–1678.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sheng, C.-X., Singh, S., Gambetta, A., Drori, T., Tong, M., Tretiak, S., Vardeny, Z.V., 2013. Ultrafast intersystem-crossing in platinum containing π-conjugated polymers with tunable spin-orbit coupling. Sci. Rep. 3, 2653.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rezaee, Z., 2011. Financial Services Firms. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Domingos Padula, A., Silveira dos Santos, M., Benedetti Santos, O.I., Borenstein, D. (Eds.), 2014. Liquid Biofuels: Emergence, Development and Prospects, Lecture Notes in Energy. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Inselberg, A., 2014. A Visual Excursion into Parallel Coordinates (Extended Abstract), in: Gruca, D.A., Czachórski, T., Kozielski, S. (Eds.), Man-Machine Interactions 3, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 43–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal for Parasitology: Drugs and Drug Resistance.

Blog post
Evans, K., 2017. An Asteroid Just Flew By Earth About 50% Closer Than The Moon, And We Barely Saw It Coming [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992. NSF Review: Review Process for the National Science Foundation’s Science and Engineering Pipeline Study (No. T-RCED-92-24). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cuomo, A.P., 2013. SB 48 and social media: Constituing an audience for and against California’s LGBT education legislation (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2011. Auburn vs. Oregon: Headsets at 20 Paces. New York Times SP6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Knapp, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Falkowski and Davis, 2004; Knapp, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Falkowski and Davis, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Sheng et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal for Parasitology: Drugs and Drug Resistance
AbbreviationInt. J. Parasitol. Drugs Drug Resist.
ISSN (print)2211-3207
Infectious Diseases
Pharmacology (medical)

Other styles