How to format your references using the International Journal for Parasitology: Drugs and Drug Resistance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal for Parasitology: Drugs and Drug Resistance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Seiradakis, J.H., 2000. Pulsar astronomy. Older than they look. Nature 406, 139–140.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hyde, J.S., Linn, M.C., 2006. Diversity. Gender similarities in mathematics and science. Science 314, 599–600.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bogorad, I.W., Lin, T.-S., Liao, J.C., 2013. Synthetic non-oxidative glycolysis enables complete carbon conservation. Nature 502, 693–697.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Johnson, R.A., Wright, K.D., Poppleton, H., Mohankumar, K.M., Finkelstein, D., Pounds, S.B., Rand, V., Leary, S.E.S., White, E., Eden, C., Hogg, T., Northcott, P., Mack, S., Neale, G., Wang, Y.-D., Coyle, B., Atkinson, J., DeWire, M., Kranenburg, T.A., Gillespie, Y., Allen, J.C., Merchant, T., Boop, F.A., Sanford, R.A., Gajjar, A., Ellison, D.W., Taylor, M.D., Grundy, R.G., Gilbertson, R.J., 2010. Cross-species genomics matches driver mutations and cell compartments to model ependymoma. Nature 466, 632–636.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dunnivant, F.M., 2004. Environmental Laboratory Exercises for Instrumental Analysis and Environmental Chemistry. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Simpson, S.S., Weisburd, D. (Eds.), 2009. The Criminology of White-Collar Crime, 1st ed. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Dea, C., Heckler, M., Grunwald, G., Pereda, J., Phillips, S.M., 2014. Graphics with JavaFX, in: Heckler, M., Grunwald, G., Pereda, J., Phillips, S.M. (Eds.), JavaFX 8: Introduction by Example. Apress, Berkeley, CA, pp. 123–150.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal for Parasitology: Drugs and Drug Resistance.

Blog post
Carpineti, C., 2017. This Sponge-Like Material Soaks Up 90x Its Weight In Oil [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015. Regulatory Guidance Processes: Selected Departments Could Strengthen Internal Control and Dissemination Practices (No. GAO-15-368). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wester, A.M., 2013. Readers’ trust, socio-demographic, and acuity influences in citizen journalism credibility for disrupted online newspapers (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B., 2017. Master. New York Times C12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Seiradakis, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Hyde and Linn, 2006; Seiradakis, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hyde and Linn, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Johnson et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal for Parasitology: Drugs and Drug Resistance
AbbreviationInt. J. Parasitol. Drugs Drug Resist.
ISSN (print)2211-3207
Infectious Diseases
Pharmacology (medical)

Other styles