How to format your references using the International Journal for Parasitology: Drugs and Drug Resistance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal for Parasitology: Drugs and Drug Resistance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Amos, L.A., 2008. Biochemistry. Pressing levers or pulling strings? Science 322, 1647–1648.
A journal article with 2 authors
Oncescu, V., Erickson, D., 2013. High volumetric power density, non-enzymatic, glucose fuel cells. Sci. Rep. 3, 1226.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ergon, T., Lambin, X., Stenseth, N.C., 2001. Life-history traits of voles in a fluctuating population respond to the immediate environment. Nature 411, 1043–1045.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Luminet, J.-P., Weeks, J.R., Riazuelo, A., Lehoucq, R., Uzan, J.-P., 2003. Dodecahedral space topology as an explanation for weak wide-angle temperature correlations in the cosmic microwave background. Nature 425, 593–595.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Teague, K.A., Gallicchio, N., 2017. The Evolution of Meteorology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Monfort, V., Krempels, K.-H., Majchrzak, T.A., Turk, Ž. (Eds.), 2016. Web Information Systems and Technologies: 11th International Conference, WEBIST 2015, Lisbon, Portugal, May 20–22, 2015, Revised Selected Papers, 1st ed. 2016. ed, Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Koh, J.H.L., Chai, C.S., Wong, B., Hong, H.-Y., 2015. Design Thinking and Children, in: Chai, C.S., Wong, B., Hong, H.-Y. (Eds.), Design Thinking for Education: Conceptions and Applications in Teaching and Learning. Springer, Singapore, pp. 47–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal for Parasitology: Drugs and Drug Resistance.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2016. How To Run A Marathon (Hint: It’s All In The Mind) [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1990. Tax Policy: Uncertain Impact of Repealing the Deferral for Reinvested Shipping Income (No. GGD-90-35). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Potter, R.H., 2009. Diffusion of oxygen and lithium isotopes at a contact between the Bushveld Complex and metasedimentary rock: Implications for the timescale of Phepane Dome diapirism (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2008. Justices Chilly To Bid to Alter Death Penalty. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Amos, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Amos, 2008; Oncescu and Erickson, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Oncescu and Erickson, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Luminet et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal for Parasitology: Drugs and Drug Resistance
AbbreviationInt. J. Parasitol. Drugs Drug Resist.
ISSN (print)2211-3207
Infectious Diseases
Pharmacology (medical)

Other styles