How to format your references using the International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wigley, T. M. L. (2006). A combined mitigation/geoengineering approach to climate stabilization. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5798), 452–454.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jetz, W., & Rahbek, C. (2002). Geographic range size and determinants of avian species richness. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5586), 1548–1551.
A journal article with 3 authors
Domnisoru, C., Kinkhabwala, A. A., & Tank, D. W. (2013). Membrane potential dynamics of grid cells. Nature, 495(7440), 199–204.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kim, A., Im, M., Yim, N.-H., & Ma, J. Y. (2014). Reduction of metastatic and angiogenic potency of malignant cancer by Eupatorium fortunei via suppression of MMP-9 activity and VEGF production. Scientific reports, 4, 6994.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
O’Neil, P. V. (2008). Beginning Partial Differential Equations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Jiang, R., Zhang, X., & Zhang, M. Q. (Eds.). (2013). Basics of Bioinformatics: Lecture Notes of the Graduate Summer School on Bioinformatics of China. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Krack, M., Scheidt, L. P., & Wallaschek, J. (2014). A Framework for the Computational Dynamic Analysis of Coupled Structures Using Nonlinear Modes. In G. Kerschen (Ed.), Nonlinear Dynamics, Volume 2: Proceedings of the 32nd IMAC, A Conference and Exposition on Structural Dynamics, 2014 (pp. 45–53). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, September 16). Two New Materials Mimic Octopus-Like Camouflage. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990). Quality Management: Scoping Study (No. ACG/OPS-91-1). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Walker, D. (2017). University Research Adminstrators’ Perception of Incivility and the Relationship to Employee Engagement (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kinsley, M. (2017, July 29). The Faintest of Praise for the President. New York Times, p. SR2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wigley 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Jetz and Rahbek 2002; Wigley 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jetz and Rahbek 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Kim et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics
AbbreviationInt. Environ. Agreements
ISSN (print)1567-9764
ISSN (online)1573-1553
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Political Science and International Relations

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