How to format your references using the International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schiermeier, Q. (2008). Westernizing Eastern-bloc science. Nature, 453(7194), 558–559.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nienborg, H., & Cumming, B. G. (2009). Decision-related activity in sensory neurons reflects more than a neuron’s causal effect. Nature, 459(7243), 89–92.
A journal article with 3 authors
Villar, G., Graham, A. D., & Bayley, H. (2013). A tissue-like printed material. Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6128), 48–52.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Mu, J., Duan, J., Makova, K. D., Joy, D. A., Huynh, C. Q., Branch, O. H., et al. (2002). Chromosome-wide SNPs reveal an ancient origin for Plasmodium falciparum. Nature, 418(6895), 323–326.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Noyer, J.-M. (2016). Transformation of Collective Intelligences. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Sakata, T. (Ed.). (2016). Applied Matrix and Tensor Variate Data Analysis (1st ed. 2016.). Tokyo: Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Spaargaren, G., & van Koppen, C. S. A. K. (2009). Provider Strategies and the Greening of Consumption Practices: Exploring the Role of Companies in Sustainable Consumption. In L. Meier & H. Lange (Eds.), The New Middle Classes: Globalizing Lifestyles, Consumerism and Environmental Concern (pp. 81–100). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, February 27). Subway’s “Chicken” Contains Just 50 Percent Chicken DNA, Says Investigation. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). USDA: Information on Classical Plant and Animal Breeding Activities (No. GAO-07-1171R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Abuzainab, N. (2013). Energy and security aspects of wireless networks: Performance and tradeoffs (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bittman, M. (2012, October 10). Heavenly Earth. New York Times, p. MM50.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schiermeier 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Nienborg and Cumming 2009; Schiermeier 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nienborg and Cumming 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Mu et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics
AbbreviationInt. Environ. Agreements
ISSN (print)1567-9764
ISSN (online)1573-1553
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Political Science and International Relations

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