How to format your references using the Interdisciplinary Sciences: Computational Life Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Interdisciplinary Sciences: Computational Life Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Koen D (2004) Nuts and bolts. Reference points. Nature 428:104
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Ralph TC, Boyd RW (2007) PHYSICS. Better computing with photons. Science 318:1251–1252
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Linnerooth-Bayer J, Mechler R, Pflug G (2005) Refocusing disaster aid. Science 309:1044–1046
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Brecht M, Schneider M, Sakmann B, Margrie TW (2004) Whisker movements evoked by stimulation of single pyramidal cells in rat motor cortex. Nature 427:704–710

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Riehle F (2003) Frequency Standards. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG
An edited book
1.
Austin J, Bentkover J, Chait L (2016) Leading Strategic Change in an Era of Healthcare Transformation. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Moskowitz HS, Grandis JR (2011) Oncogenomics/Proteomics of Head and Neck Cancers. In: Bernier J (ed) Head and Neck Cancer: Multimodality Management. Springer, New York, NY, pp 81–91

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Interdisciplinary Sciences: Computational Life Sciences.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) Stunning New Photograph Of Medusa Nebula. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1995) Education and Employment Issue Area: Active Assignments. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Accortt EE (2009) Frontal alpha electroencephalography (EEG) asymmetry as a risk factor for pre-menstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD); a psychophysiological and family history approach. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Leland J (2017) Acting on Broadway, Sleeping on His Couch. New York Times MB2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInterdisciplinary Sciences: Computational Life Sciences
AbbreviationInterdiscip. Sci.
ISSN (print)1913-2751
ISSN (online)1867-1462
ScopeGeneral Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Computer Science Applications
Health Informatics

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