How to format your references using the Interdisciplinary Sciences: Computational Life Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Interdisciplinary Sciences: Computational Life Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Caplan A (2011) Genome-sequencing anniversary. What will drive genomics over the next 10 years? Science 331:691
A journal article with 2 authors
Calabrese EJ, Baldwin LA (2003) Toxicology rethinks its central belief. Nature 421:691–692
A journal article with 3 authors
Berciu M, Rappoport TG, Jankó B (2005) Manipulating spin and charge in magnetic semiconductors using superconducting vortices. Nature 435:71–75
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Gröblacher S, Paterek T, Kaltenbaek R, et al (2007) An experimental test of non-local realism. Nature 446:871–875

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fasano A (2014) Engineer Your Own Success. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Sun Y (2010) Strain Effect in Semiconductors: Theory and Device Applications, First. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Mares ED (2013) Information, Negation, and Paraconsistency. In: Tanaka K, Berto F, Mares E, Paoli F (eds) Paraconsistency: Logic and Applications. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 43–55

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Interdisciplinary Sciences: Computational Life Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Inside A Body Farm. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991) Army Maintenance: More Effective Implementation of Maintenance Expenditure Limits Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fuller JB (2015) The Woodsman’s Son. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K (2007) Sandwiches From an Heirloom. New York Times 14NJ10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInterdisciplinary Sciences: Computational Life Sciences
AbbreviationInterdiscip. Sci.
ISSN (print)1913-2751
ISSN (online)1867-1462
ScopeGeneral Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Computer Science Applications
Health Informatics

Other styles