How to format your references using the Interdisciplinary Neurosurgery: Advanced Techniques and Case Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Interdisciplinary Neurosurgery: Advanced Techniques and Case Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
A.M. Carr, Checking that replication breakdown is not terminal, Science. 297 (2002) 557–558.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
N. Stern, C. Taylor, Economics. Climate change: risk, ethics, and the Stern Review, Science. 317 (2007) 203–204.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
R.F. Miller, R. Cloutier, S. Turner, The oldest articulated chondrichthyan from the Early Devonian period, Nature. 425 (2003) 501–504.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, A. Zeilinger, Entanglement of the orbital angular momentum states of photons, Nature. 412 (2001) 313–316.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
M. Nógrádi, Stereoselective Synthesis, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, Weinheim, Germany, 2007.
An edited book
[1]
L. Prevost, S. Marinai, F. Schwenker, eds., Artificial Neural Networks in Pattern Recognition: Third IAPR Workshop, ANNPR 2008 Paris, France, July 2-4, 2008 Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
S. Islam, I. Hossain, Women in Employment: Local Dynamics, Global Pressures, in: I. Hossain (Ed.), Social Justice in the Globalization of Production: Labor, Gender, and the Environment Nexus, Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, 2015: pp. 53–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Interdisciplinary Neurosurgery: Advanced Techniques and Case Management.

Blog post
[1]
J. Fang, Octopuses And Squid Around The World Are Enjoying A Boom, IFLScience. (2016). https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/octopuses-and-squid-are-enjoying-boom-around-world/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office, NASA’s Requirement for a Single Solid Rocket Refurbishment and Assembly Facility at Kennedy Space Center, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1984.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
A.R. Vargas, Implementing modern geographic technology in the trucking industry: A case study, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
S. Dynarski, Personalized Tips From a Counselor? That’s Priceless, New York Times. (2016) BU3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInterdisciplinary Neurosurgery: Advanced Techniques and Case Management
AbbreviationInterdiscip. Neurosurg.
ISSN (print)2214-7519
ScopeClinical Neurology
Surgery

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