How to format your references using the Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Earnshaw, William C. 2005. “Cell Biology. Keeping Survivin Nimble at Centromeres in Mitosis.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 310 (5753): 1443–1444.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rioux, John D., and Abul K. Abbas. 2005. “Paths to Understanding the Genetic Basis of Autoimmune Disease.” Nature 435 (7042): 584–589.
A journal article with 3 authors
Song, Bong-Shik, Susumu Noda, and Takashi Asano. 2003. “Photonic Devices Based on In-Plane Hetero Photonic Crystals.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 300 (5625): 1537.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Wang, Yu, Hidefumi Akiyama, Kanako Terakado, and Toru Nakatsu. 2013. “Impact of Site-Directed Mutant Luciferase on Quantitative Green and Orange/Red Emission Intensities in Firefly Bioluminescence.” Scientific Reports 3: 2490.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kromidas, Stavros. 2014. Der HPLC-Experte. D-69451 Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH.
An edited book
Pertijs, Michiel A. P. 2006. PRECISION TEMPERATURE SENSORS IN CMOS TECHNOLOGY. Edited by Johan H. Huijsing. Analog Circuits and Signal Processing. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Guex, Jean, Federico Galster, and Øyvind Hammer. 2016. “The UA Method and the UAgraph Program.” In Discrete Biochronological Time Scales, edited by Federico Galster and Øyvind Hammer, 27–50. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “23,000 People In The US End Up In ER Every Year Because Of Supplements.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1978. Coordination, Policy Development, and Implementation for International Telecommunications Facilities. 106775. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Herrlich, Ariel. 2010. “Transparency and Medical Interventions in Vital Statistics Reports: Quantitative Research and Analysis.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Kelly, Caitlin. 2007. “The Right Look Gives A Home a Second Act.” New York Times, April 29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Earnshaw 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Earnshaw 2005; Rioux and Abbas 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rioux and Abbas 2005)
  • Three authors: (Song, Noda, and Asano 2003)
  • 4 or more authors: (Wang et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInnovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research
AbbreviationInnovation (Abingdon)
ISSN (print)1351-1610
ISSN (online)1469-8412
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
Geography, Planning and Development

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