How to format your references using the Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Oldroyd, Giles E. D. 2007. “Plant Science. Nodules and Hormones.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 315 (5808): 52–53.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lacour, Jérôme, and David Linder. 2007. “Chemistry. A Counterion Strategy.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 317 (5837): 462–463.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cello, Jeronimo, Aniko V. Paul, and Eckard Wimmer. 2002. “Chemical Synthesis of Poliovirus CDNA: Generation of Infectious Virus in the Absence of Natural Template.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 297 (5583): 1016–1018.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Vickers, N. J., T. A. Christensen, T. C. Baker, and J. G. Hildebrand. 2001. “Odour-Plume Dynamics Influence the Brain’s Olfactory Code.” Nature 410 (6827): 466–470.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Putt, Archibald. 2006. Putt’s Law & the Successful Technocrat. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Pignolo, Robert J., Monica K. Crane, and Mary Ann Forciea, eds. 2008. Classic Papers in Geriatric Medicine with Current Commentaries. Aging Medicine. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Hofer, Thomas S. 2015. “Probing Proton Transfer Reactions in Molecular Dynamics—A Crucial Prerequisite for QM/MM Simulations Using Dissociative Models.” In Quantum Modeling of Complex Molecular Systems, edited by Jean-Louis Rivail, Manuel Ruiz-Lopez, and Xavier Assfeld, 115–134. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “Handcuffs, Traps and Spikes Shed Light on Sex Lives of Insects.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1977. Earth Resources Information Satellite System Act. B-181426. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Proser, Michelle. 2015. “Ingredients for Optimal Care: Exploring Factors Associated with Patient Quality Outcomes among Federally-Qualified Health Centers.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chen, David W., and J. David Goodman. 2013. “In Naming Top Police Official, De Blasio May Signal Change.” New York Times, November 30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Oldroyd 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Oldroyd 2007; Lacour and Linder 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lacour and Linder 2007)
  • Three authors: (Cello, Paul, and Wimmer 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Vickers et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleInnovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research
AbbreviationInnovation (Abingdon)
ISSN (print)1351-1610
ISSN (online)1469-8412
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
Geography, Planning and Development

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