How to format your references using the Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bobrow, Martin. 2013. “Balancing Privacy with Public Benefit.” Nature 500 (7461): 123.
A journal article with 2 authors
Coura, José Rodrigues, and Pedro Albajar Viñas. 2010. “Chagas Disease: A New Worldwide Challenge.” Nature 465 (7301): S6-7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hovenden, Mark J., Paul C. D. Newton, and Karen E. Wills. 2014. “Seasonal Not Annual Rainfall Determines Grassland Biomass Response to Carbon Dioxide.” Nature 511 (7511): 583–586.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Baena-González, Elena, Filip Rolland, Johan M. Thevelein, and Jen Sheen. 2007. “A Central Integrator of Transcription Networks in Plant Stress and Energy Signalling.” Nature 448 (7156): 938–942.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lastovetsky, Alexey. 2003. Parallel Computing on Heterogeneous Networks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Marcus, Aaron, ed. 2014. Design, User Experience, and Usability. User Experience Design for Diverse Interaction Platforms and Environments: Third International Conference, DUXU 2014, Held as Part of HCI International 2014, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, June 22-27, 2014, Proceedings, Part II. Vol. 8518. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Øvrelid, Egil, and Bendik Bygstad. 2016. “Extending E-Health Infrastructures with Lightweight IT.” In Nordic Contributions in IS Research: 7th Scandinavian Conference on Information Systems, SCIS 2016 and IFIP8.6 2016, Ljungskile, Sweden, August 7-10, 2016, Proceedings, edited by Ulrika Lundh Snis, 43–56. Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “The March Of The King Crabs: A Warning From Antarctica.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1988. Air Traffic Control: Efforts to Expand the New York Terminal Area Automation System. IMTEC-88-29. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Strand, Karen. 2014. “Applying Public Relations Theory to Assess Service-Learning Relationships.” Doctoral dissertation, Tampa, FL: University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, Linda. 2006. “With O’Connor Retirement and a New Chief Justice Comes an Awareness of Change.” New York Times, January 28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bobrow 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Bobrow 2013; Coura and Viñas 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Coura and Viñas 2010)
  • Three authors: (Hovenden, Newton, and Wills 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Baena-González et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleInnovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research
AbbreviationInnovation (Abingdon)
ISSN (print)1351-1610
ISSN (online)1469-8412
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
Geography, Planning and Development

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