How to format your references using the Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hauser, Marc D. 2009. “The Possibility of Impossible Cultures.” Nature 460 (7252): 190–196.
A journal article with 2 authors
Whetten, Robert L., and Ryan C. Price. 2007. “Chemistry. Nano-Golden Order.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 318 (5849): 407–408.
A journal article with 3 authors
Efremov, Rouslan G., Rozbeh Baradaran, and Leonid A. Sazanov. 2010. “The Architecture of Respiratory Complex I.” Nature 465 (7297): 441–445.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Kurita, Masakazu, Toshikazu Araoka, Tomoaki Hishida, David D. O’Keefe, Yuta Takahashi, Akihisa Sakamoto, Masahiro Sakurai, et al. 2018. “In Vivo Reprogramming of Wound-Resident Cells Generates Skin Epithelial Tissue.” Nature 561 (7722): 243–247.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety. 2015. Guidelines for Defining Process Safety Competency Requirements. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kirk, William. 2014. Fixed Point Theory in Distance Spaces. Edited by Naseer Shahzad. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Rosenberg, Richard, Scott Gaul, William Ford, and Olga Tomilova. 2013. “Microcredit Interest Rates and Their Determinants: 2004–2011.” In Microfinance 3.0: Reconciling Sustainability with Social Outreach and Responsible Delivery, edited by Doris Köhn, 69–104. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research.

Blog post
Taub, Ben. 2016. “Scientists Have Found The Source Of Emotional Resilience In The Brain.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1978. GAO’s Authority for Involvement in Science and Technology Policy Issues. B-177806. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fleming, Tamara Colleen. 2015. “The Academic Identity Experience of Liberal Arts Faculty in the Age of New Managerialism.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Jeter, John, Jonah Engel Bromwich, and Niraj Chokshi. 2016. “Wildfires Force Thousands to Flee in East Tennessee.” New York Times, November 29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cavanagh 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Shubik 2015; Smaglik 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Whetten and Price 2007)
  • Three authors: (Efremov, Baradaran, and Sazanov 2010)
  • 4 or more authors: (Cheng et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInnovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research
AbbreviationInnovation (Abingdon)
ISSN (print)1351-1610
ISSN (online)1469-8412
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
Geography, Planning and Development

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