How to format your references using the Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Check, Erika. 2007. “Patenting the Obvious?” Nature 447 (7140): 16–17.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bell, Graham, and Andrew Gonzalez. 2011. “Adaptation and Evolutionary Rescue in Metapopulations Experiencing Environmental Deterioration.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 332 (6035): 1327–1330.
A journal article with 3 authors
Thomson, Keith S., Mark Sutton, and Bethia Thomas. 2003. “A Larval Devonian Lungfish.” Nature 426 (6968): 833–834.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Razem, Fawzi A., Ashraf El-Kereamy, Suzanne R. Abrams, and Robert D. Hill. 2006. “The RNA-Binding Protein FCA Is an Abscisic Acid Receptor.” Nature 439 (7074): 290–294.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kaisler, Stephen H. 2005. Software Paradigms. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Santiago-Fandiño, V., Y. A. Kontar, and Y. Kaneda, eds. 2015. Post-Tsunami Hazard: Reconstruction and Restoration. Vol. 44. Advances in Natural and Technological Hazards Research. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Liu, Han, Frank D. Coms, Jingxin Zhang, Hubert A. Gasteiger, and Anthony B. LaConti. 2009. “Chemical Degradation: Correlations Between Electrolyzer and Fuel Cell Findings.” In Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell Durability, edited by Felix N. Büchi, Minoru Inaba, and Thomas J. Schmidt, 71–118. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research.

Blog post
Hamilton, Kristy. 2016. “Nobel Prize-Winning Autophagy Research Laid Groundwork For Potential Parkinson’s Treatment.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1989. Computer Procurement: FAA’s $1.5-Billion Computer Resources Nucleus Project. IMTEC-89-44FS. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Plaza, Jose L. 2012. “The Latina/o Migrant College Student Experience.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly, Erin. 1998. “Publication Gives 2 Neighborhoods Unwanted Local Color.” New York Times, April 19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Check 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Check 2007; Bell and Gonzalez 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bell and Gonzalez 2011)
  • Three authors: (Thomson, Sutton, and Thomas 2003)
  • 4 or more authors: (Razem et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleInnovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research
AbbreviationInnovation (Abingdon)
ISSN (print)1351-1610
ISSN (online)1469-8412
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
Geography, Planning and Development

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