How to format your references using the Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Trivedi, Bijal. 2010. “Learning from the Elite.” Nature 466 (7304): S4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Symington, Lorraine S., and William K. Holloman. 2004. “Molecular Biology. New Year’s Resolution--Resolving Resolvases.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 303 (5655): 184–185.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rompolas, Panteleimon, Kailin R. Mesa, and Valentina Greco. 2013. “Spatial Organization within a Niche as a Determinant of Stem-Cell Fate.” Nature 502 (7472): 513–518.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Cantlon, Jessica F., Sara Cordes, Melissa E. Libertus, and Elizabeth M. Brannon. 2009. “Comment on ‘Log or Linear? Distinct Intuitions of the Number Scale in Western and Amazonian Indigene Cultures.’” Science (New York, N.Y.) 323 (5910): 38; author reply 38.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhang, Weihong, and Min Wan. 2016. Milling Simulation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Dai, Feng. 2013. Approximation Theory and Harmonic Analysis on Spheres and Balls. Edited by Yuan Xu. Springer Monographs in Mathematics. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Worbs, Tim, and Reinhold Förster. 2009. “T Cell Migration Dynamics Within Lymph Nodes During Steady State: An Overview of Extracellular and Intracellular Factors Influencing the Basal Intranodal T Cell Motility.” In Visualizing Immunity, edited by Michael Dustin and Dorian McGavern, 71–105. Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “Five Common Misconceptions About Seasonal Flu.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2003. Applying Agreed-Upon Procedures: Highway Trust Fund Excise Taxes. GAO-04-213R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ortiz-Quiusky, Stephany. 2015. “Substance Abuse, Smoking, and Depression among Military Veterans.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, Mary Williams, and Julia Werdigier. 2013. “What’s in Your Pension Plan?” New York Times, April 20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Trivedi 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Trivedi 2010; Symington and Holloman 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Symington and Holloman 2004)
  • Three authors: (Rompolas, Mesa, and Greco 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Cantlon et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleInnovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research
AbbreviationInnovation (Abingdon)
ISSN (print)1351-1610
ISSN (online)1469-8412
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
Geography, Planning and Development

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