How to format your references using the Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ffrench-Constant, Richard H. 2014. “Genomics: Of Monarchs and Migration.” Nature 514 (7522): 314–315.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gestwicki, Jason E., and Laura L. Kiessling. 2002. “Inter-Receptor Communication through Arrays of Bacterial Chemoreceptors.” Nature 415 (6867): 81–84.
A journal article with 3 authors
Domínguez-García, Virginia, Simone Pigolotti, and Miguel A. Muñoz. 2014. “Inherent Directionality Explains the Lack of Feedback Loops in Empirical Networks.” Scientific Reports 4 (December): 7497.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Liu, Anmin, Xuefeng Ren, Maozhong An, Jinqiu Zhang, Peixia Yang, Bo Wang, Yongming Zhu, and Chong Wang. 2014. “A Combined Theoretical and Experimental Study for Silver Electroplating.” Scientific Reports 4 (January): 3837.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Desmond, Kathleen K. 2011. Ideas about Art. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Nagel, Wolfgang E., Dietmar B. Kröner, and Michael M. Resch, eds. 2009. High Performance Computing in Science and Engineering ’08: Transactions of the High Performance Computing Center, Stuttgart (HLRS) 2008. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Nissen, Michael D., Stephen B. Lambert, David M. Whiley, and Theo P. Sloots. 2010. “Respiratory Infections.” In PCR for Clinical Microbiology: An Australian and International Perspective, edited by Margret Schuller, Theo P. Sloots, Gregory S. James, Catriona L. Halliday, and Ian W. J. Carter, 67–82. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2014. “How Cats Became Domesticated.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1992. Child Labor: Information on Federal Enforcement Efforts. HRD-92-127FS. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Henning, John Newell. 2014. “Top Ten Effective Community College Board Trustees Self-Perceived Leadership Attributes.” Doctoral dissertation, Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), Sophia Kishkovsky. 2005. “World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Hacker Halts New Kremlin TV Channel.” New York Times, December 13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ffrench-Constant 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Ffrench-Constant 2014; Gestwicki and Kiessling 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gestwicki and Kiessling 2002)
  • Three authors: (Domínguez-García, Pigolotti, and Muñoz 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Liu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInnovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research
AbbreviationInnovation (Abingdon)
ISSN (print)1351-1610
ISSN (online)1469-8412
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
Geography, Planning and Development

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