How to format your references using the Information & Communications Technology Law citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Information & Communications Technology Law. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zubelewicz, A. (2013). Liquid-liquid-solid transition in viscoelastic liquids. Scientific Reports, 3, 1323.
A journal article with 2 authors
Barbour, D. L., & Wang, X. (2003). Contrast tuning in auditory cortex. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5609), 1073–1075.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bala, A. D. S., Spitzer, M. W., & Takahashi, T. T. (2003). Prediction of auditory spatial acuity from neural images on the owl’s auditory space map. Nature, 424(6950), 771–774.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Huyen, Y., Zgheib, O., Ditullio, R. A., Jr, Gorgoulis, V. G., Zacharatos, P., Petty, T. J., … Halazonetis, T. D. (2004). Methylated lysine 79 of histone H3 targets 53BP1 to DNA double-strand breaks. Nature, 432(7015), 406–411.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kühn, V. (2006). Wireless Communications over MIMO Channels. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Denman, R. B. (Ed.). (2012). Modeling Fragile X Syndrome (Vol. 54). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Der, R., & Martius, G. (2012). A General Approach to Self-Organization — Homeokinesis. In G. Martius (Ed.), The Playful Machine: Theoretical Foundation and Practical Realization of Self-Organizing Robots (pp. 75–106). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Information & Communications Technology Law.

Blog post
Carpineti, C. (2017, June 8). Someone Has Created The World’s First Adult “Service” Droid And It’s Terrifying. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). Federal Student Aid: Timely Performance Plans and Reports Would Help Guide and Assess Achievement of Default Management Goals (No. GAO-03-348). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davies, G. L. (2015). An analysis of Pat Metheny’s and Lyle Mays’s “Third Wind”: Arranging techniques and performance considerations (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rao, P. S. (2017, May 16). Ruling on E.U. Trade Deals Retains a Hurdle for Brexit Negotiations. New York Times, p. B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zubelewicz, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Barbour & Wang, 2003; Zubelewicz, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Barbour & Wang, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Bala, Spitzer, & Takahashi, 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Huyen et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleInformation & Communications Technology Law
ISSN (print)1360-0834
ISSN (online)1469-8404
ScopeComputer Science Applications

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