How to format your references using the Infection, Disease & Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Infection, Disease & Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Marx V. Proteomics: An atlas of expression. Nature 2014;509:645–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Nanus DM, Giannakakou P. CANCER. Cancer therapies that are gone with the Wnt. Science 2015;349:1283–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Saturno WA, Stuart D, Beltrán B. Early Maya writing at San Bartolo, Guatemala. Science 2006;311:1281–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
West GB, Savage VM, Gillooly J, Enquist BJ, Woodruff WH, Brown JH. Physiology: Why does metabolic rate scale with body size? Nature 2003;421:713; discussion 714.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Klöpffer W. Verhalten und Abbau von Umweltchemikalien. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2012.
An edited book
[1]
Sun Z, Lai J, Chen X, Tan T, editors. Biometric Recognition: 6th Chinese Conference, CCBR 2011, Beijing, China, December 3-4, 2011. Proceedings. vol. 7098. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Biró P, Kern W, Paulusma D, Wojuteczky P. The Stable Fixtures Problem with Payments. In: Mayr EW, editor. Graph-Theoretic Concepts in Computer Science: 41st International Workshop, WG 2015, Garching, Germany, June 17-19, 2015, Revised Papers, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2016, p. 49–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Infection, Disease & Health.

Blog post
[1]
Fang J. This Star is About to Swallow Two Planets. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/space/star-about-swallow-two-planets/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. NSF Review: Review Process for the National Science Foundation’s Science and Engineering Pipeline Study. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Oates PE. Leadership transactions impacting transformation. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Shpigel B. While Nashville Parties, the Predators Cut Loose. New York Times 2017:SP7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInfection, Disease & Health
ISSN (print)2468-0451
ScopeInfectious Diseases
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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