How to format your references using the Infection, Disease & Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Infection, Disease & Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Shaw RJ. Cell biology. GATORs take a bite out of mTOR. Science 2013;340:1056–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Des Marais DL, Rausher MD. Escape from adaptive conflict after duplication in an anthocyanin pathway gene. Nature 2008;454:762–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Miyamoto K, Miyake S, Yamamura T. A synthetic glycolipid prevents autoimmune encephalomyelitis by inducing TH2 bias of natural killer T cells. Nature 2001;413:531–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Zhao ZY, Liu MF, Li X, Lin L, Yan ZB, Dong S, et al. Experimental observation of ferrielectricity in multiferroic DyMn2O5. Sci Rep 2014;4:3984.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Matthews C. Engineers’ Data Book. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
[1]
Müller M, editor. Clinical Pharmacology: Current Topics and Case Studies. 2nd ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Mercorelli P, Frick A. Industrial Applications Using Wavelet Packets for Gross Error Detection. In: Nedjah N, Abraham A, Mourelle L de M, editors. Computational Intelligence in Information Assurance and Security, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007, p. 89–127.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Infection, Disease & Health.

Blog post
[1]
Taub B. Why Do Dogs Sometimes Wait For Years By The Graves Of Their Owners? IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/why-do-dogs-sometimes-wait-for-years-by-the-graves-of-their-owners/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Proprietary Schools: Millions Spent to Train Students for Oversupplied Occupations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Fine JG. Magical Transformation or Illusion of Grandeur: The Development of Downtown West Palm Beach, 1985-2015. Doctoral dissertation. Florida Atlantic University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Koblin J, Grynbaum MM. Top Political Journalist Faces Multiple Claims of Harassment. New York Times 2017:B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInfection, Disease & Health
ISSN (print)2468-0451
ScopeInfectious Diseases
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles