How to format your references using the Infection, Disease & Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Infection, Disease & Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Walsh CT. Polyketide and nonribosomal peptide antibiotics: modularity and versatility. Science 2004;303:1805–10.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Godley LA, Mondragón A. Molecular biology. Preference by exclusion. Science 2011;331:1017–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Chao BF, Wu YH, Li YS. Impact of artificial reservoir water impoundment on global sea level. Science 2008;320:212–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Lay AJ, Jiang XM, Kisker O, Flynn E, Underwood A, Condron R, et al. Phosphoglycerate kinase acts in tumour angiogenesis as a disulphide reductase. Nature 2000;408:869–73.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Gadd K. TRIZ für Ingenieure. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Alfaro EJ, Pérez E, Franco J, editors. How does the Galaxy Work?: A Galactic Tertulia with Don Cox and Ron Reynolds. vol. 315. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Hosoya K-I, Tachikawa M. The Inner Blood-Retinal Barrier. In: Cheng CY, editor. Biology and Regulation of Blood-Tissue Barriers, New York, NY: Springer; 2013, p. 85–104.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Infection, Disease & Health.

Blog post
[1]
Carpineti A. New Theory Of Gravity Tries To Explain Dark Matter. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/physics/new-theory-of-gravity-tries-to-explain-dark-matter/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Analysis of “Florida’s Fair Share.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Swift I. The Perceived Effect of Hidden Costs on the Operational Management of Information Technology Outsourcing: A Qualitative Study. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Eligon J. With the Security Team At a Las Vegas Casino. New York Times 2017:A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInfection, Disease & Health
ISSN (print)2468-0451
ScopeInfectious Diseases
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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