How to format your references using the Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ruoff RS. Journal club. A physical chemist is excited by the electronic potential of a new arrangement of carbon sheets. Nature. 2010;463(7283):853.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sheinin MY, Wang MD. Biochemistry. A DNA twist diffuses and hops. Science. 2012;338(6103):56-57.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wolf SM, Annas GJ, Elias S. Point-counterpoint. Patient autonomy and incidental findings in clinical genomics. Science. 2013;340(6136):1049-1050.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Beck M, Hofstetter D, Aellen T, et al. Continuous wave operation of a mid-infrared semiconductor laser at room temperature. Science. 2002;295(5553):301-305.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lombard M. SolidWorks® 2011 Parts Bible. Wiley Publishing, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Fang Z, Xu C (charles), eds. Near-Critical and Supercritical Water and Their Applications for Biorefineries. Vol 2. Springer Netherlands; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Rosen J. Isomorphism Theorems: Markov Processes, Gaussian Processes and Beyond. In: Gayrard V, Kistler N, eds. Correlated Random Systems: Five Different Methods: CIRM Jean-Morlet Chair, Spring 2013. Lecture Notes in Mathematics. Springer International Publishing; 2015:121-177.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology.

Blog post
Andrew E. How Floating Turbines Could Harness The Awesome Power Of The Tides. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Guaranteed Student Loans: Profits of Secondary Market Lenders Vary Widely. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Joshi RA. Adaptive nulling in multiple beam antennas using quantized state adaptive algorithms. Published online 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. Echoes of Glory Fade at a Fork in the Road. New York Times. December 1, 2009:B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleInfection Control & Hospital Epidemiology
AbbreviationInfect. Control Hosp. Epidemiol.
ISSN (print)0899-823X
ISSN (online)1559-6834
Infectious Diseases
Microbiology (medical)

Other styles