How to format your references using the Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McCarrey JR. EPIGENETICS. The epigenome--a family affair. Science. 2015;350(6261):634-635.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gurnett DA, Kurth WS. Intense plasma waves at and near the solar wind termination shock. Nature. 2008;454(7200):78-80.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schneider DM, Nelson A, Mooney R. A synaptic and circuit basis for corollary discharge in the auditory cortex. Nature. 2014;513(7517):189-194.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Takesue H, Matsuda N, Kuramochi E, Notomi M. Entangled photons from on-chip slow light. Sci Rep. 2014;4:3913.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rossetti N. Managing Power Electronics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
Summergrad P, Kathol RG, eds. Integrated Care in Psychiatry: Redefining the Role of Mental Health Professionals in the Medical Setting. New York, NY: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Fabijan A, Olsson HH, Bosch J. The Lack of Sharing of Customer Data in Large Software Organizations: Challenges and Implications. In: Sharp H, Hall T, eds. Agile Processes, in Software Engineering, and Extreme Programming: 17th International Conference, XP 2016, Edinburgh, UK, May 24-27, 2016, Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016:39-52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology.

Blog post
Andrews R. Short Bursts Of Exercise Just As Effective As Endurance Training, Claims Study. IFLScience. May 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Transportation Security: TSA Has Taken Actions to Address Transportation Security Acquisition Reform Act Requirements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hatton JD. The Changing Dynamics of Health Care: Physician Perceptions of Technology in Medical Practices. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. A Hockey Luminary Glowed With Modesty. New York Times. June 11, 2016:D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleInfection Control & Hospital Epidemiology
AbbreviationInfect. Control Hosp. Epidemiol.
ISSN (print)0899-823X
ISSN (online)1559-6834
Infectious Diseases
Microbiology (medical)

Other styles