How to format your references using the Industrial Crops & Products citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Industrial Crops & Products. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heckel, D.G., 2012. Ecology. Insecticide resistance after Silent spring. Science 337, 1612–1614.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thybo, H., Nielsen, C.A., 2009. Magma-compensated crustal thinning in continental rift zones. Nature 457, 873–876.
A journal article with 3 authors
Marhas, K.K., Goswami, J.N., Davis, A.M., 2002. Short-lived nuclides in hibonite grains from Murchison: evidence for solar system evolution. Science 298, 2182–2185.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Riddell, B.E., Beamish, R.J., Richards, L.J., Candy, J.R., 2008. Comment on “Declining wild salmon populations in relation to parasites from farm salmon.” Science 322, 1790; author reply 1790.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Minoli, D., 2012. Mobile Video with Mobile IPv6. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Margesin, R., 2005. Monitoring and Assessing Soil Bioremediation, Soil Biology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Seki, Y., 2014. Current Indication, in: Choi, S.H., Kasama, K. (Eds.), Bariatric and Metabolic Surgery. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 23–26.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Industrial Crops & Products.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. US Government Nips All Meaningful Cannabis Research In The Bud, Say Scientists [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015. Unmanned Aerial Systems: Status of Test Sites and International Developments (No. GAO-15-486T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alexander, R.T., 2017. Can the analytical hierarchy process model be effectively applied in the prioritization of information assurance defense in-depth measures? - a quantitative study (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2016. Patchwork Mets Give Their Playoff Hopes a Boost. New York Times B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Heckel, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Heckel, 2012; Thybo and Nielsen, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thybo and Nielsen, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Riddell et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleIndustrial Crops & Products
AbbreviationInd. Crops Prod.
ISSN (print)0926-6690
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science

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