How to format your references using the Industrial Crops & Products citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Industrial Crops & Products. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Godfray, H.C.J., 2011. Ecology. Food and biodiversity. Science 333, 1231–1232.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bayon, R., Jenkins, M., 2010. The business of biodiversity. Nature 466, 184–185.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gravina, B., Mellars, P., Ramsey, C.B., 2005. Radiocarbon dating of interstratified Neanderthal and early modern human occupations at the Chatelperronian type-site. Nature 438, 51–56.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hugel, T., Holland, N.B., Cattani, A., Moroder, L., Seitz, M., Gaub, H.E., 2002. Single-molecule optomechanical cycle. Science 296, 1103–1106.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Andersson, C., Freeman, D., James, I., Johnston, A., Ljung, S., 2006. Mobile Media and Applications - From Concept to Cash. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Kunusch, C., 2012. Sliding-Mode Control of PEM Fuel Cells, Advances in Industrial Control. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Schneider, T., Riedel, K., 2010. Environmental Proteomics: Studying Structure and Function of Microbial Communities, in: Barton, L.L., Mandl, M., Loy, A. (Eds.), Geomicrobiology: Molecular and Environmental Perspective. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 91–108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Industrial Crops & Products.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2017. Good Musicians Have Significantly Faster Reaction Times [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2013. COMPETES Reauthorization Act: Federal Loan Guarantees for Innovative Technologies in Manufacturing (No. GAO-13-717R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harrison, A.B., 2012. Knowing the familiar (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Belcher, D., 2014. Yuri Lyubimov, Experimental Director of the Russian Stage, Is Dead at 97. New York Times A24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Godfray, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Bayon and Jenkins, 2010; Godfray, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bayon and Jenkins, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Hugel et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleIndustrial Crops & Products
AbbreviationInd. Crops Prod.
ISSN (print)0926-6690
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science

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