How to format your references using the Industrial Crops & Products citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Industrial Crops & Products. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Forrest, S.R., 2004. The path to ubiquitous and low-cost organic electronic appliances on plastic. Nature 428, 911–918.
A journal article with 2 authors
Froemke, R.C., Dan, Y., 2002. Spike-timing-dependent synaptic modification induced by natural spike trains. Nature 416, 433–438.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hayes, D., Griffin, G.B., Engel, G.S., 2013. Engineering coherence among excited states in synthetic heterodimer systems. Science 340, 1431–1434.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Williams, H.M., McCammon, C.A., Peslier, A.H., Halliday, A.N., Teutsch, N., Levasseur, S., Burg, J.-P., 2004. Iron isotope fractionation and the oxygen fugacity of the mantle. Science 304, 1656–1659.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Epstein, M., 2012. The Elements of Continuum Biomechanics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Bougé, L., Prasanna, V.K. (Eds.), 2005. High Performance Computing - HiPC 2004: 11th International Conference, Bangalore, India, December 19-22, 2004. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Rossberg, J., Olausson, M., 2012. ALM Assessments, in: Olausson, M. (Ed.), Pro Application Lifecycle Management with Visual Studio 2012. Apress, Berkeley, CA, pp. 61–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Industrial Crops & Products.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2017. NASA Releases Gorgeous Images Of Earth From New Weather Satellite [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1987. ADP Systems: Examinations of Non-Federal Hospital Information Systems (No. IMTEC-87-21). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Milner, M., 2009. An evaluation of the influence of case method instruction on the reflective thinking of MSW students (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2010. A Gifted Talker Is Speaking Out. New York Times SP2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Forrest, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Forrest, 2004; Froemke and Dan, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Froemke and Dan, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Williams et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleIndustrial Crops & Products
AbbreviationInd. Crops Prod.
ISSN (print)0926-6690
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science

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