How to format your references using the Industrial Crops & Products citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Industrial Crops & Products. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kampinga, H.H., 2015. Molecular biology: It takes two to untangle. Nature 524, 169–170.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wodarz, D., Zauber, A.G., 2015. Cancer: Risk factors and random chances. Nature 517, 563–564.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, P.-Y., Weng, J., Anderson, R.G.W., 2005. OSBP is a cholesterol-regulated scaffolding protein in control of ERK 1/2 activation. Science 307, 1472–1476.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Barbeau, K., Rue, E.L., Bruland, K.W., Butler, A., 2001. Photochemical cycling of iron in the surface ocean mediated by microbial iron(III)-binding ligands. Nature 413, 409–413.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety, 2007. Guidelines for Safe and Reliable Instrumented Protective Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Jain, S., Simon, H.U., Tomita, E. (Eds.), 2005. Algorithmic Learning Theory: 16th International Conference, ALT 2005, Singapore, October 8-11, 2005. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Khot, R., Poola, R., Kothapalli, K., Srinathan, K., 2007. Self-stabilizing Routing Algorithms for Wireless Ad-Hoc Networks, in: Janowski, T., Mohanty, H. (Eds.), Distributed Computing and Internet Technology: 4th International Conference, ICDCIT 2007, Bangalore, India, December 17-20. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 54–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Industrial Crops & Products.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2017. Only 25 Hainan Gibbons Remain – What Next for the World’s Rarest Primate? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2016. Smartphone Data: Information and Issues Regarding Surreptitious Tracking Apps That Can Facilitate Stalking (No. GAO-16-317). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ploehs, J.R., 2009. The literacy benefits of middle school tutors who tutor emergent readers (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
George, T., 2010. Silly Bandz, the Bracelets That Spring Off Shelves. New York Times A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kampinga, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Kampinga, 2015; Wodarz and Zauber, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wodarz and Zauber, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Barbeau et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleIndustrial Crops & Products
AbbreviationInd. Crops Prod.
ISSN (print)0926-6690
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science

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