How to format your references using the Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kawaoka, Y. H5N1: Flu Transmission Work Is Urgent. Nature 2012, 482 (7384), 155.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ganopolski, A.; Rahmstorf, S. Rapid Changes of Glacial Climate Simulated in a Coupled Climate Model. Nature 2001, 409 (6817), 153–158.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ammon, C. J.; Kanamori, H.; Lay, T. A Great Earthquake Doublet and Seismic Stress Transfer Cycle in the Central Kuril Islands. Nature 2008, 451 (7178), 561–565.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Tai, R. H.; Qi Liu, C.; Maltese, A. V.; Fan, X. Career Choice. Planning Early for Careers in Science. Science 2006, 312 (5777), 1143–1144.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wierenga, E. R. The Philosophy of Religion; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2016.
An edited book
Hughes, G. Hughes Syndrome: The Antiphospholipid Syndrome: A Guide for Students; Sangle, S., Ed.; Springer: London, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Collins, M. J. Managing Requirements. In Pro Project Management with SharePoint 2010; Hassell, J., Anglin, S., Beckner, M., Buckingham, E., Cornell, G., Gennick, J., Lowman, M., Moodie, M., Parkes, D., Pepper, J., et al., Eds.; Apress: Berkeley, CA, 2010; pp 45–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research.

Blog post
Luntz, S. Increase In Gun Deaths Linked To “Stand Your Ground” Law In Florida (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. FAA Research, Engineering and Development Issues; T-RCED-89-21; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robles, B. Academic Achievement among Foster Care Children with a Disability: A Grant Proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M. Venezuela Cancels Dudamel’s Tour. New York Times. August 21, 2017, p C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIndustrial & Engineering Chemistry Research
AbbreviationInd. Eng. Chem. Res.
ISSN (print)0888-5885
ISSN (online)1520-5045
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
General Chemistry
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Other styles