How to format your references using the Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hatfull, G. F. Microbiology. The Great Escape. Science 2001, 292 (5525), 2263–2264.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cowman, A. F.; Tonkin, C. J. Microbiology. A Tail of Division. Science 2011, 331 (6016), 409–410.
A journal article with 3 authors
Andersson, J. O.; Doolittle, W. F.; Nesbø, C. L. Genomics. Are There Bugs in Our Genome? Science 2001, 292 (5523), 1848–1850.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Chase-Lansdale, P. L.; Moffitt, R. A.; Lohman, B. J.; Cherlin, A. J.; Coley, R. L.; Pittman, L. D.; Roff, J.; Votruba-Drzal, E. Mothers’ Transitions from Welfare to Work and the Well-Being of Preschoolers and Adolescents. Science 2003, 299 (5612), 1548–1552.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stevens, B. A.; Roediger, E. Breaking Negative Relationship Patterns; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2016.
An edited book
The New Paradigm of Immunity to Tuberculosis; Divangahi, M., Ed.; Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology; Springer: New York, NY, 2013; Vol. 783.
A chapter in an edited book
D’Elios, M. M.; Benagiano, M.; Amedei, A.; Emmi, G. Infections, Autoimmunity, and Behçet’s Syndrome: What Liaison? In Behçet’s Syndrome: From Pathogenesis to Treatment; Emmi, L., Ed.; Rare Diseases of the Immune System; Springer: Milano, 2014; pp 39–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Butterfly Populations Could Be Headed For Widespread Collapse (accessed 2018 -10 -30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Alleged Misappropriation of Monies Allocated for the Operation of the Memphis District Office of the EEOC; B-175042; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1972.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gramajo, G. G. Guidance Control of Small UAV with Energy and Maneuverability Limitations for a Search and Coverage Mission. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G. G. Marvel Shines a Spotlight on Women. New York Times. July 22, 2016, p C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIndustrial & Engineering Chemistry Research
AbbreviationInd. Eng. Chem. Res.
ISSN (print)0888-5885
ISSN (online)1520-5045
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
General Chemistry
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Other styles