How to format your references using the Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gilbert, D. Buried by Bad Decisions. Nature 2011, 474 (7351), 275–277.
A journal article with 2 authors
Marusyk, A.; Polyak, K. Cancer. Cancer Cell Phenotypes, in Fifty Shades of Grey. Science 2013, 339 (6119), 528–529.
A journal article with 3 authors
Spéder, P.; Adám, G.; Noselli, S. Type ID Unconventional Myosin Controls Left-Right Asymmetry in Drosophila. Nature 2006, 440 (7085), 803–807.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Warren, S. C.; Messina, L. C.; Slaughter, L. S.; Kamperman, M.; Zhou, Q.; Gruner, S. M.; DiSalvo, F. J.; Wiesner, U. Ordered Mesoporous Materials from Metal Nanoparticle-Block Copolymer Self-Assembly. Science 2008, 320 (5884), 1748–1752.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Joyner, M. Integration Marketing; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2009.
An edited book
Sustainable Fashion Supply Chain Management: From Sourcing to Retailing; Choi, T.-M., Cheng, T. C. E., Eds.; Springer Series in Supply Chain Management; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; Vol. 1.
A chapter in an edited book
Backhaus, K.; Hupka, P.; Wiegand, N. Order Financing and Financial Engineering. In Business Project Management and Marketing: Mastering Business Markets; Kleinaltenkamp, M., Plinke, W., Geiger, I., Eds.; Springer Texts in Business and Economics; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2016; pp 127–158.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. Huge Mysterious Structure Spotted On Venus (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Vehicle Collisions and Aftermarket Collision Avoidance Technologies; GAO-14-408R; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Aparicio, E. M. Examining Latina/o STEM Degree Aspirations. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. Justices Let U.S. Transfer Padilla to Civilian Custody. New York Times. January 5, 2006, p A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIndustrial & Engineering Chemistry Research
AbbreviationInd. Eng. Chem. Res.
ISSN (print)0888-5885
ISSN (online)1520-5045
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
General Chemistry
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Other styles