How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cheianov VV (2009) Physics. When infinity does not count. Science 323:213–214
A journal article with 2 authors
Molloy JE, Veigel C (2003) Biophysics. Myosin motors walk the walk. Science 300:2045–2046
A journal article with 3 authors
Filchak KE, Roethele JB, Feder JL (2000) Natural selection and sympatric divergence in the apple maggot Rhagoletis pomonella. Nature 407:739–742
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Pryor WR, Rymer AM, Mitchell DG, et al (2011) The auroral footprint of Enceladus on Saturn. Nature 472:331–333

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jacquenet C, Bourdon G, Boucadair M (2008) Service Automation and Dynamic Provisioning Techniques in IP/MPLS Environments. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Kim T-H, Mohammed S, Ramos C, et al (2012) Computer Applications for Web, Human Computer Interaction, Signal and Image Processing, and Pattern Recognition: International Conferences, SIP, WSE, and ICHCI 2012, Held in Conjunction with GST 2012, Jeju Island, Korea, November 28-December 2, 2012. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Strouthidis NG, Garway-Heath DF (2009) Detecting Glaucoma Progression by Imaging. In: Grehn F, Stamper R (eds) Glaucoma. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 29–40

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) 170-Year-Old Shipwreck Beer Tastes Like Goat And Smells Of Rotting Cabbage. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996) Revision of FCC Rules to Ensure Compatibility with Enhanced 911 Emergency Calling Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ramakrishnan L (2009) Multi-level adaptation for performability in dynamic web service workflows. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky L (2011) Imps of the Perverse. New York Times M250

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery
AbbreviationIndian J. Otolaryngol. Head Neck Surg.
ISSN (print)2231-3796
ISSN (online)0973-7707

Other styles