How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Simpson RW. SEISMOLOGY: Watching the Hayward Fault. Science. 2000 Aug 18;289(5482):1147–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Steinhardt PJ, Turok N. Why the cosmological constant is small and positive. Science. 2006 May 26;312(5777):1180–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mochizuki K, Matsumoto M, Ohmine I. Defect pair separation as the controlling step in homogeneous ice melting. Nature. 2013 Jun 20;498(7454):350–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Nie L, Meng A, Yu J, Jaroniec M. Hierarchically macro-mesoporous Pt/γ-Al2O3 composite microspheres for efficient formaldehyde oxidation at room temperature. Sci Rep. 2013 Nov 14;3:3215.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Freeman RL. Reference Manual for Telecommunications Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2002.
An edited book
Lombaerde PD, Puri L, editors. Aid for Trade: Global and Regional Perspectives: 2007 World Report on Regional Integration. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2009. IX, 272 p. (United Nations University Series on Regionalism; vol. 2).
A chapter in an edited book
Babenyshev S, Rybakov V. Decidability of Hybrid Logic with Local Common Knowledge Based on Linear Temporal Logic LTL. In: Beckmann A, Dimitracopoulos C, Löwe B, editors. Logic and Theory of Algorithms: 4th Conference on Computability in Europe, CiE 2008, Athens, Greece, June 15-20, 2008 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 32–41. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew D. The Science Of Taste, Or Why You Choose Fries Over Broccoli [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Denver International Airport: Baggage Handling, Contracting, and Other Issues. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995 Aug. Report No.: RCED-95-241FS.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Khalili A. Spectrally formulated user-defined element in Abaqus for wave motion analysis and health monitoring of composite structures [Doctoral dissertation]. [Mississippi State, MS]: Mississippi State University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky L. Exhibit A-List. New York Times. 2009 Oct 18;M226.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine
AbbreviationIndian J. Occup. Environ. Med.
ISSN (print)0973-2284
ISSN (online)1998-3670
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles