How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McNally EM. Genetics: broken giant linked to heart failure. Nature. 2012 Mar 14;483(7389):281–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wehr M, Zador AM. Balanced inhibition underlies tuning and sharpens spike timing in auditory cortex. Nature. 2003 Nov 27;426(6965):442–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chuck AL, Turner SM, Liss PS. Direct evidence for a marine source of C1 and C2 alkyl nitrates. Science. 2002 Aug 16;297(5584):1151–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Dentin R, Hedrick S, Xie J, Yates J 3rd, Montminy M. Hepatic glucose sensing via the CREB coactivator CRTC2. Science. 2008 Mar 7;319(5868):1402–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhu Z, Nandi AK. Automatic Modulation Classification. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Dincer I, Colpan CO, Kadioglu F, editors. Causes, Impacts and Solutions to Global Warming. New York, NY: Springer; 2013. XVIII, 1183 p. 477 illus., 276 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
Papadimitriou P. Fiscal Rules in the EU: Time to Rethink and Start from the Basics. In: Botsiou KE, Klapsis A, editors. The Konstantinos Karamanlis Institute for Democracy Yearbook 2011: The Global Economic Crisis and the Case of Greece. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 29–44. (The Constantinos Karamanlis Institute for Democracy Yearbook Series).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew E. Patterns Are Math We Love To Look At [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunication: Air Force Cost Estimates for Scope Exchange Telephone Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986 Jul. Report No.: IMTEC-86-22FS.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vidal EM. Alcohol disorder with hip or knee surgery: Postoperative alcohol disorder-related costs and length of stay [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M. New Nets Announcer Shows Flair and Hair. New York Times. 2011 Dec 20;B16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine
AbbreviationIndian J. Occup. Environ. Med.
ISSN (print)0973-2284
ISSN (online)1998-3670
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles