How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yankner BA. A century of cognitive decline. Nature. 2000 Mar 9;404(6774):125.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fialko Y, Pearse J. Sombrero uplift above the Altiplano-Puna Magma Body: evidence of a ballooning mid-crustal diapir. Science. 2012 Oct 12;338(6104):250–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Barnes SE, Ieda J, Maekawa S. Rashba spin-orbit anisotropy and the electric field control of magnetism. Sci Rep. 2014 Feb 17;4:4105.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Moslehi R, Mills JL, Signore C, Kumar A, Ambroggio X, Dzutsev A. Integrative transcriptome analysis reveals dysregulation of canonical cancer molecular pathways in placenta leading to preeclampsia. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2407.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pandrea N, Stănescu N-D. Dynamics of the Rigid Solid with General Constraints by a Multibody Approach. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
Weyand B, Dominici M, Hass R, Jacobs R, Kasper C, editors. Mesenchymal Stem Cells - Basics and Clinical Application II. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. VIII, 309 p. 26 illus., 23 illus. in color. (Advances in Biochemical Engineering/Biotechnology; vol. 130).
A chapter in an edited book
Nuallaong W. Burnout Symptoms and Cycles of Burnout: The Comparison with Psychiatric Disorders and Aspects of Approaches. In: Bährer-Kohler S, editor. Burnout for Experts: Prevention in the Context of Living and Working. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2013. p. 47–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew E. What Are Allergies And Why Are We Getting More Of Them? IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Critical Infrastructure Protection: Comments on the Proposed Cyber Security Information Act of 2000. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000 Jun. Report No.: T-AIMD-00-229.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pelayo AM. A case study on the development of team -based leadership structure in the hospital industry [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. Tough Club, a Dashing Man, And His Invisible Footprints. New York Times. 2002 Aug 25;145.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine
AbbreviationIndian J. Occup. Environ. Med.
ISSN (print)0973-2284
ISSN (online)1998-3670
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles