How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Gynecologic Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Gynecologic Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Pielke RA Jr. Science policy: policy, politics and perspective. Nature. 2002;416:367–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Krishnan V, Nestler EJ. The molecular neurobiology of depression. Nature. 2008;455:894–902.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Sambarey A, Prashanthi K, Chandra N. Mining large-scale response networks reveals “topmost activities” in Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2302.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Giraldez AJ, Mishima Y, Rihel J, Grocock RJ, Van Dongen S, Inoue K, et al. Zebrafish MiR-430 promotes deadenylation and clearance of maternal mRNAs. Science. 2006;312:75–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Stokes G. A Practical Guide to the Wiring Regulations. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Science Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
1. Xhafa F, Abraham A, editors. Metaheuristics for Scheduling in Industrial and Manufacturing Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. García-Fernández N, Macher HC, Rubio A, Jiménez-Arriscado P, Bernal-Bellido C, Bellido-Díaz ML, et al. Detection of p53 Mutations in Circulating DNA of Transplanted Hepatocellular Carcinoma Patients as a Biomarker of Tumor Recurrence. In: Gahan PB, Fleischhacker M, Schmidt B, editors. Circulating Nucleic Acids in Serum and Plasma – CNAPS IX. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 25–8.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Gynecologic Oncology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Bionic Plants: Turning Plants Into Energy Producing Factories [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Costs and Benefits of a Common Strategic Rotary Launcher Should Be Reassessed Before Further Funds Are Available. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1982 Nov. Report No.: MASAD-83-3.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Ge Z. Link performance analysis of disaster monitoring system [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Sisario B. SiriusXM to Pay in Copyright Suits. New York Times. 2016 Nov 29;C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
ISSN (print)2363-8397
ISSN (online)2363-8400

Other styles