How to format your references using the In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology - Animal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology - Animal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Frenkel D (2002) Colloidal systems. Playing tricks with designer “atoms.” Science 296:65–66
A journal article with 2 authors
Sime LC, Wolff EW (2011) Antarctic accumulation seasonality. Nature 479:E1-2; author reply E2-4
A journal article with 3 authors
Shelly DR, Beroza GC, Ide S (2007) Non-volcanic tremor and low-frequency earthquake swarms. Nature 446:305–307
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Alley RB, Anandakrishnan S, Dupont TK, et al (2007) Effect of sedimentation on ice-sheet grounding-line stability. Science 315:1838–1841

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wuestenberg K (2012) Clinical Small Animal Care. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Ames, Iowa, USA
An edited book
Meier GEA, Sreenivasan KR, Heinemann H-J (eds) (2006) IUTAM Symposium on One Hundred Years of Boundary Layer Research: Proceedings of the IUTAM Symposium held at DLR-Göttingen, Germany, August 12-14, 2004. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Gusi N, Olivares PR, Rajendram R (2010) The EQ-5D Health-Related Quality of Life Questionnaire. In: Preedy VR, Watson RR (eds) Handbook of Disease Burdens and Quality of Life Measures. Springer, New York, NY, pp 87–99

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology - Animal.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) Controversial GM Food Labeling Bill Approved By US Senate. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991) Strategic Bombers: Updated Status of the B-1B Recovery Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bratton EW (2012) Clinical management and outcomes of patients in the Duke Cryptococcosis Clinical Cohort, 1996 - 2009. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW (2017) Puerto Rico, Mired in Debt, Approves a Rescue Plan. New York Times B4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Frenkel 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Frenkel 2002; Sime and Wolff 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sime and Wolff 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Alley et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleIn Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology - Animal
AbbreviationIn Vitro Cell. Dev. Biol. Anim.
ISSN (print)1071-2690
ISSN (online)1543-706X
ScopeCell Biology
Developmental Biology
General Medicine

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