How to format your references using the Immunology & Cell Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Immunology & Cell Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Padma TV. Developing countries: The outcomes paradox. Nature 2014; 508: S14-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Koelle K, Rasmussen DA. Influenza: Prediction is worth a shot. Nature 2014; 507: 47–48.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hart GW, Housley MP, Slawson C. Cycling of O-linked beta-N-acetylglucosamine on nucleocytoplasmic proteins. Nature 2007; 446: 1017–1022.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Cubukcu E, Aydin K, Ozbay E, Foteinopoulou S, Soukoulis CM. Electromagnetic waves: Negative refraction by photonic crystals. Nature 2003; 423: 604–605.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kriegel J. Unfairly Labeled. John Wiley & Sons, Inc: Hoboken, NJ, 2016.
An edited book
Xiong C, Liu H, Huang Y, Xiong Y (eds.). Intelligent Robotics and Applications: First International Conference, ICIRA 2008 Wuhan, China, October 15-17, 2008 Proceedings, Part II. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Bozzelli L. Complexity Results on Branching-Time Pushdown Model Checking. In: Emerson EA, Namjoshi KS (eds). Verification, Model Checking, and Abstract Interpretation: 7th International Conference, VMCAI 2006, Charleston, SC, USA, January 8-10, 2006. Proceedings. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2005, pp 65–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Immunology & Cell Biology.

Blog post
Andrew D. Until We Get Better Tools, Excited Reports Of ‘Habitable Planets’ Need To Come Back Down To Earth. IFLScience. 2017. (accessed 30 Oct2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Why NASA’s Property Accounting and Control System Should Be Improved. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Aquino-Centeno S. Contesting social memories and identities in the Zapotec Sierra of Oaxaca, Mexico. 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Harris G, Schwartz J, Calmes J, Martin J. Donald Trump Holds ‘Thank You’ Rally in Cincinnati, and Announces His Pick for Defense Secretary. New York Times. 2016; : A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleImmunology & Cell Biology
AbbreviationImmunol. Cell Biol.
ISSN (print)0818-9641
ISSN (online)1440-1711
ScopeCell Biology

Other styles