How to format your references using the Immunology & Cell Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Immunology & Cell Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kanwisher N. Neuroscience. What’s in a face? Science 2006; 311: 617–618.
A journal article with 2 authors
Caruthers M, Wells R. Retrospective. Har Gobind Khorana (1922-2011). Science 2011; 334: 1511.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hsin J-P, Sheth A, Manley JL. RNAP II CTD phosphorylated on threonine-4 is required for histone mRNA 3’ end processing. Science 2011; 334: 683–686.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Findlay HS, Hennige SJ, Wicks LC, Navas JM, Woodward EMS, Roberts JM. Fine-scale nutrient and carbonate system dynamics around cold-water coral reefs in the northeast Atlantic. Sci Rep 2014; 4: 3671.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith GS. Straight to the Top. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2013.
An edited book
Aja-Fernández S. Statistical Analysis of Noise in MRI: Modeling, Filtering and Estimation. Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Fernández N, Arias J, Sánchez L, Fuentes-Lorenzo D, Corcho Ó. RDSZ: An Approach for Lossless RDF Stream Compression. In: Presutti V, d’Amato C, Gandon F, d’Aquin M, Staab S, Tordai A (eds). The Semantic Web: Trends and Challenges: 11th International Conference, ESWC 2014, Anissaras, Crete, Greece, May 25-29, 2014. Proceedings. Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2014, pp 52–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Immunology & Cell Biology.

Blog post
Andrew D. Watch A Whale Shoot A Rainbow Out Of Its Blowhole. IFLScience. 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Improvements Needed in DOT’s Hazardous Materials Rail Safety Program. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kelly LA. Nursing surveillance in the acute care setting: Latent variable development and analysis. 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K. Ready-to-Eat for Rosh Hashana. New York Times. 2010; : NJ14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleImmunology & Cell Biology
AbbreviationImmunol. Cell Biol.
ISSN (print)0818-9641
ISSN (online)1440-1711
ScopeCell Biology

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