How to format your references using the Immunology & Cell Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Immunology & Cell Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
de Duve C. The joy of discovery. Nature 2010; 467: S5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cassenaer S, Laurent G. Hebbian STDP in mushroom bodies facilitates the synchronous flow of olfactory information in locusts. Nature 2007; 448: 709–713.
A journal article with 3 authors
Luo C, Wang X, Liu H. Controllability of time-delayed Boolean multiplex control networks under asynchronous stochastic update. Sci Rep 2014; 4: 7522.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
McKee MG, Layman JM, Cashion MP, Long TE. Phospholipid nonwoven electrospun membranes. Science 2006; 311: 353–355.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Doldi L. Validation of Communications Systems with SDL. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2005.
An edited book
Kikuchi M. Frontiers in Fusion Research II: Introduction to Modern Tokamak Physics. 1st ed. 2015. Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Delicado FM, Cuenca P, Orozco-Barbosa L. QoS-Aware Video Communications over TDMA/TDD Wireless Networks. In: Cuenca P, Orozco-Barbosa L (eds). Personal Wireless Communications: IFIP TC6 11th International Conference, PWC 2006, Albacete, Spain, September 20-22, 2006. Proceedings. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006, pp 50–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Immunology & Cell Biology.

Blog post
Hale T. ‘Xenomorph Baby’ Pokes His Feet Out Through His Mom’s Uterus. IFLScience. 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Cost/Benefit Analysis--A Legislative Branch Viewpoint. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chon JY. Coping as a mediator of the relation between teacher perceived stress and teacher-student relationships. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sbarbaro JA. Standard Morning Fare, on the Go. New York Times. 2017; : A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleImmunology & Cell Biology
AbbreviationImmunol. Cell Biol.
ISSN (print)0818-9641
ISSN (online)1440-1711
ScopeCell Biology

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