How to format your references using the Immunity & Ageing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Immunity & Ageing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Vargas-Parada L. Pathology: Three questions. Nature. 2012;488:S14-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Friedman N, Schuldiner M. Genetics. The DNA damage road map. Science. 2010;330:1327–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Wiser MJ, Ribeck N, Lenski RE. Long-term dynamics of adaptation in asexual populations. Science. 2013;342:1364–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Kawahara Y, Ito K, Sun H, Aizawa H, Kanazawa I, Kwak S. Glutamate receptors: RNA editing and death of motor neurons. Nature. 2004;427:801.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Woolf G. Tales of the Barbarians. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
1. Adhikari MR. Basic Modern Algebra with Applications. Adhikari A, editor. New Delhi: Springer India; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Mattox A, Li J, Di C, Adamson DC. Medulloblastoma: Role of OTX2 Transcription Factors. In: Hayat MA, editor. Tumors of the Central Nervous System, Volume 8: Astrocytoma, Medulloblastoma, Retinoblastoma, Chordoma, Craniopharyngioma, Oligodendroglioma, and Ependymoma. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012. p. 47–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Immunity & Ageing.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Physicists Directly Detect Neutrinos From Sun’s Core [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/physics/physicists-directly-detect-neutrinos-suns-core/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Federal Funding Mechanisms in Support of University Research. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986 Mar. Report No.: 129326.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Yudell M. Making race: Biology and the evolution of the race concept in 20th century American thought [Doctoral dissertation]. [New York, NY]: Columbia University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Hubbard B. 27 Years After Protest, a Victory Lap for Saudi Women. New York Times. 2017 Oct 7;A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleImmunity & Ageing
AbbreviationImmun. Ageing
ISSN (online)1742-4933
ScopeAgeing
Immunology

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