How to format your references using the IJC Metabolic & Endocrine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IJC Metabolic & Endocrine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P.D. Hustad, Frontiers in olefin polymerization: reinventing the world’s most common synthetic polymers, Science. 325 (2009) 704–707.
A journal article with 2 authors
M.R. Freeman, B.C. Choi, Advances in magnetic microscopy, Science. 294 (2001) 1484–1488.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.M. Fuster, M. Bodner, J.K. Kroger, Cross-modal and cross-temporal association in neurons of frontal cortex, Nature. 405 (2000) 347–351.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S.F. Sorrells, M.F. Paredes, A. Cebrian-Silla, K. Sandoval, D. Qi, K.W. Kelley, D. James, S. Mayer, J. Chang, K.I. Auguste, E.F. Chang, A.J. Gutierrez, A.R. Kriegstein, G.W. Mathern, M.C. Oldham, E.J. Huang, J.M. Garcia-Verdugo, Z. Yang, A. Alvarez-Buylla, Human hippocampal neurogenesis drops sharply in children to undetectable levels in adults, Nature. 555 (2018) 377–381.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A.C. Thiselton, 1 & 2 Thessalonians: Through the Centuries, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK, 2010.
An edited book
A. Özcan, N. Chaki, D. Nagamalai, eds., Recent Trends in Wireless and Mobile Networks: Second International Conference, WiMo 2010, Ankara, Turkey, June 26-28, 2010. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Hoover, Commentary on Section 1: Mounting Progress on Understanding Mathematics Teacher Content Knowledge, in: J.-J. Lo, K.R. Leatham, L.R. Van Zoest (Eds.), Research Trends in Mathematics Teacher Education, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014: pp. 83–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IJC Metabolic & Endocrine.

Blog post
K. Hamilton, Kitchen Science: From Sizzling Brisket To Fresh Baked Bread, The Chemical Reaction That Makes Our Favourite Foods Taste So Good, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Aviation Security: Transportation Security Administration Did Not Fully Disclose Uses of Personal Information During Secure Flight Program Testing in Initial Privacy Notes, but Has Recently Taken Steps to More Fully Inform the Public, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K.C. Strickland, A historical analysis of the AIDS epidemic in South Africa, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Billard, For the Boots of Fall, Fur Rules, New York Times. (2010) E6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIJC Metabolic & Endocrine
AbbreviationIJC Metab. Endocr.
ISSN (print)2214-7624
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Physiology (medical)

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