How to format your references using the IJC Metabolic & Endocrine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IJC Metabolic & Endocrine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S.W. Hell, Far-field optical nanoscopy, Science. 316 (2007) 1153–1158.
A journal article with 2 authors
A.V. Turchyn, D.P. Schrag, Oxygen isotope constraints on the sulfur cycle over the past 10 million years, Science. 303 (2004) 2004–2007.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.M. McNamara, T.W. Fawcett, A.I. Houston, An adaptive response to uncertainty generates positive and negative contrast effects, Science. 340 (2013) 1084–1086.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
X. Xu, N.J. Wittenberg, L.R. Jordan, S. Kumar, J.O. Watzlawik, A.E. Warrington, S.-H. Oh, M. Rodriguez, A patterned recombinant human IgM guides neurite outgrowth of CNS neurons, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2267.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R.A. Smith, Virgil, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK, 2010.
An edited book
R. Tomalty, America’s Urban Future: Lessons from North of the Border, Island Press/Center for Resource Economics, Washington, DC, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
H.-D. Gronau, H.-H. Langmann, D. Schleicher, Participants, in: H.-D. Gronau, H.-H. Langmann, D. Schleicher (Eds.), 50th IMO - 50 Years of International Mathematical Olympiads, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011: pp. 47–100.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IJC Metabolic & Endocrine.

Blog post
D. Andrew, Oceans May Become Too Acidic For Animals To Smell Their Way Around, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Revisions to OMB’s Circular A-130, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. Kim, Adult ESL Korean readers’ responses about their reading in L1 Korean and L2 English, Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Saslow, A Federal Program Helps Flip Houses on Long Island, New York Times. (2009) LI7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIJC Metabolic & Endocrine
AbbreviationIJC Metab. Endocr.
ISSN (print)2214-7624
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Physiology (medical)

Other styles