How to format your references using the IJC Metabolic & Endocrine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IJC Metabolic & Endocrine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A. McLaren, Ethical and social considerations of stem cell research, Nature. 414 (2001) 129–131.
A journal article with 2 authors
M.R. Wallenfang, E. Matunis, Developmental biology. Orienting stem cells, Science. 301 (2003) 1490–1491.
A journal article with 3 authors
M.P. MacDonald, G.C. Spalding, K. Dholakia, Microfluidic sorting in an optical lattice, Nature. 426 (2003) 421–424.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. Spinner, A. Kovalev, S.N. Gorb, G. Westhoff, Snake velvet black: hierarchical micro- and nanostructure enhances dark colouration in Bitis rhinoceros, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 1846.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A.B. Rubin, Fundamentals of Biophysics, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2014.
An edited book
A. Nilsson, Vibro-Acoustics, Volume 2, 2nd ed. 2016, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Giovagnoli, J. Marzialetti, H.P. Wynn, Bivariate Dependence Orderings for Unordered Categorical Variables, in: L. Pronzato, A. Zhigljavsky (Eds.), Optimal Design and Related Areas in Optimization and Statistics, Springer, New York, NY, 2009: pp. 81–96.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IJC Metabolic & Endocrine.

Blog post
E. Andrew, One Last Look At Saturn’s Moon Dione, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Air Traffic Control: Ineffective Management Plagues $1.7-Billion Radar Program, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M.D. Brigida, Target stock price runup prior to acquisitions, Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Wagner, Taking His Off-Season Cuts, Conforto Leaves Demotions Behind, New York Times. (2017) B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIJC Metabolic & Endocrine
AbbreviationIJC Metab. Endocr.
ISSN (print)2214-7624
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Physiology (medical)

Other styles