How to format your references using the IJC Heart & Vessels citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IJC Heart & Vessels. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sagata N. Molecular biology. Untangling checkpoints. Science 2002;298:1905–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bhoj VG, Chen ZJ. Ubiquitylation in innate and adaptive immunity. Nature 2009;458:430–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang C-W, Ka S-M, Chen A. Robust image registration of biological microscopic images. Sci Rep 2014;4:6050.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Rahmstorf S, Cazenave A, Church JA, Hansen JE, Keeling RF, Parker DE, et al. Recent climate observations compared to projections. Science 2007;316:709.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Birla R. Introduction to Tissue Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
Rahim MM, Idowu SO, editors. Social Audit Regulation: Development, Challenges and Opportunities. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Ting TCT. Explicit Secular Equations for Surface Waves in an Anisotropic Elastic Half-Space from Rayleigh to Today. In: Goldstein RV, Maugin GA, editors. Surface Waves in Anisotropic and Laminated Bodies and Defects Detection, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005, p. 95–116.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IJC Heart & Vessels.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. NASA Releases Amazing “Dark Spot” Image Of Jupiter As Juno Makes Fifth Flyby. IFLScience 2017. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Implementation of Reform Legislation Needed to Improve Acquisitions and Operations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Seger JL. The Occupy Movement: Signs of Cultural Shifts in Group Processes Shaped by Place. Doctoral dissertation. Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard B. Saudi Prince Rejects Talks With Iran. New York Times 2017:A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIJC Heart & Vessels
ISSN (print)2214-7632

Other styles