How to format your references using the IJC Heart & Vessels citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IJC Heart & Vessels. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
McCoy SW. GEOMORPHOLOGY. Landscapes in the lab. Science 2015;349:32–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Roesch MR, Olson CR. Neuronal activity related to reward value and motivation in primate frontal cortex. Science 2004;304:307–10.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Auerbach BD, Osterweil EK, Bear MF. Mutations causing syndromic autism define an axis of synaptic pathophysiology. Nature 2011;480:63–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
van Riel D, Munster VJ, de Wit E, Rimmelzwaan GF, Fouchier RAM, Osterhaus ADME, et al. H5N1 Virus Attachment to Lower Respiratory Tract. Science 2006;312:399.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Kenny T. The Nuts and Bolts of Implantable Device Therapy Pacemakers. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
[1]
Bauer E, Sigrist M, editors. Non-Centrosymmetric Superconductors: Introduction and Overview. vol. 847. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Henne B, Kater C, Smith M. On Usable Location Privacy for Android with Crowd-Recommendations. In: Holz T, Ioannidis S, editors. Trust and Trustworthy Computing: 7th International Conference, TRUST 2014, Heraklion, Crete, June 30 – July 2, 2014. Proceedings, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014, p. 74–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IJC Heart & Vessels.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Scientists Can Learn From Pseudoscience … That’s A Fact. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/scientists-can-learn-pseudoscience-s-fact-da/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. U.S.-EC Aircraft Agreement. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
White J. Support group for family caregivers of Alzheimer’s patients: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Goldstein J. Inside a Jail in Brooklyn, The Women Live in Fear. New York Times 2017:A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIJC Heart & Vessels
ISSN (print)2214-7632
Scope

Other styles