How to format your references using the IET Science, Measurement & Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Science, Measurement & Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baxter, S.: ‘From Caribbean to Clementine’Nature, 2000, 403, (6769), p. 485.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hastings, A., Palmer, M.A.: ‘Mathematics and biology. A bright future for biologists and mathematicians?’Science, 2003, 299, (5615), pp. 2003–2004.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dankert, A., Dulal, R.S., Dash, S.P.: ‘Efficient spin injection into silicon and the role of the Schottky barrier’Sci. Rep., 2013, 3, p. 3196.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kocot, K.M., Cannon, J.T., Todt, C., et al.: ‘Phylogenomics reveals deep molluscan relationships’Nature, 2011, 477, (7365), pp. 452–456.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
American Institute of Timber Constr: ‘Timber Construction Manual’ (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2012)
An edited book
Salakoski, T., Ginter, F., Pyysalo, S., Pahikkala, T. (Eds.): ‘Advances in Natural Language Processing: 5th International Conference on NLP, FinTAL 2006 Turku, Finland, August 23-25, 2006 Proceedings’ (Springer, 2006)
A chapter in an edited book
Daun, M., Weyer, T., Pohl, K.: ‘Detecting and Correcting Outdated Requirements in Function-Centered Engineering of Embedded Systems’, in Fricker, S.A., Schneider, K. (Eds.): ‘Requirements Engineering: Foundation for Software Quality: 21st International Working Conference, REFSQ 2015, Essen, Germany, March 23-26, 2015. Proceedings’ (Springer International Publishing, 2015), pp. 65–80

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Science, Measurement & Technology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J.: ‘April Fools’ Day Comet To Swing By Earth This Weekend’,, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘Telecommunications: Characteristics and Competitiveness of the Internet Backbone Market’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 2001)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lawrence, B.H.: ‘Evaluation of a cultural practice and 2,4-D-based herbicide programs for glyphosateresistant Palmer amaranth management’. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University, 2015

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, B.P.: ‘Closing Time; Iskandariya’New York Times, 2005, p. A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Science, Measurement & Technology
AbbreviationIET Sci. Meas. Technol.
ISSN (print)1751-8822
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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