How to format your references using the IET Science, Measurement & Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Science, Measurement & Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kamionkowski, M.: ‘Astrophysics: Gravity ripples chased’Nature, 2009, 460, (7258), pp. 964–965.
A journal article with 2 authors
Baker, P.J., Wilson, J.S.: ‘Plant ecology: Coexistence of tropical tree species’Nature, 2003, 422, (6932), pp. 581–2; discussion 852.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaina, N., Fink, M., Lerosey, G.: ‘Composite media mixing Bragg and local resonances for highly attenuating and broad bandgaps’Sci. Rep., 2013, 3, p. 3240.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Oganov, A.R., Chen, J., Gatti, C., et al.: ‘Ionic high-pressure form of elemental boron’Nature, 2009, 460, (7252), p. 292.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ziegler, M.: ‘Geotechnische Nachweise nach EC 7 und DIN 1054’ (Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2012)
An edited book
Kuger, S., Klieme, E., Jude, N., Kaplan, D. (Eds.): ‘Assessing Contexts of Learning: An International Perspective’ (Springer International Publishing, 2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Meisinger, H.: ‘Time as “Dance”: Theological-Philosophical Reflections and Meditations’, in Baldwin, J. (Ed.): ‘Embracing the Ivory Tower and Stained Glass Windows: A Festschrift in Honor of Archbishop Antje Jackelén’ (Springer International Publishing, 2016), pp. 45–57

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Science, Measurement & Technology.

Blog post
Andrews, R.: ‘Distant Super-Earth Exoplanet Has A Climate Perfect For Simple Life’,, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘Joint Planning and Development Office: Progress and Key Issues in Planning the Transition to the Next Generation Air Transportation System’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 2007)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Branch, J.: ‘A Case Study of Perceptions and Experiences among African-American Males Regarding College Dropout Rates in a Community College’. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University, 2017

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker, P.: ‘President Assails “Joke” Justice And Seeks Visa Program’s End’New York Times, 2017, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Science, Measurement & Technology
AbbreviationIET Sci. Meas. Technol.
ISSN (print)1751-8822
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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