How to format your references using the IET Science, Measurement & Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Science, Measurement & Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Barry, C.E.: ‘Tuberculosis: Drug discovery goes au naturel’Nature, 2014, 506, (7489), pp. 436–437.
A journal article with 2 authors
Coates, J.C., de Bono, M.: ‘Antagonistic pathways in neurons exposed to body fluid regulate social feeding in Caenorhabditis elegans’Nature, 2002, 419, (6910), pp. 925–929.
A journal article with 3 authors
Puliga, M., Caldarelli, G., Battiston, S.: ‘Credit Default Swaps networks and systemic risk’Sci. Rep., 2014, 4, p. 6822.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wiwatpanit, T., Lorenzen, S.M., Cantú, J.A., et al.: ‘Trans-differentiation of outer hair cells into inner hair cells in the absence of INSM1’Nature, 2018.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lamattina, J.L.: ‘Devalued and Distrusted’ (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2012)
An edited book
Walther, W. (Ed.): ‘Current Strategies in Cancer Gene Therapy’ (Springer International Publishing, 2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Coenen, C.: ‘Deliberating Visions: The Case of Human Enhancement in the Discourse on Nanotechnology and Convergence’, in Kaiser, M., Kurath, M., Maasen, S., Rehmann-Sutter, C. (Eds.): ‘Governing Future Technologies: Nanotechnology and the Rise of an Assessment Regime’ (Springer Netherlands, 2010), pp. 73–87

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Science, Measurement & Technology.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: ‘Ancient Viral DNA Necessary For Pluripotency in Embryonic Stem Cells’,, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘Managing Host Country Contracting Activities’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1982)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wizda, L.L.: ‘A case study of online peer coaching of consultant communication skill development’. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, 2010

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L.: ‘Justices Back Police Intervention Without a Warrant’New York Times, 2006, p. A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Science, Measurement & Technology
AbbreviationIET Sci. Meas. Technol.
ISSN (print)1751-8822
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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