How to format your references using the IET Radar, Sonar & Navigation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Radar, Sonar & Navigation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Retallack, G.J.: ‘Ediacaran life on land’Nature, 2013, 493, (7430), pp. 89–92.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kreitzer, A.C., Malenka, R.C.: ‘Endocannabinoid-mediated rescue of striatal LTD and motor deficits in Parkinson’s disease models’Nature, 2007, 445, (7128), pp. 643–647.
A journal article with 3 authors
Häusser, M., Major, G., Stuart, G.J.: ‘Differential shunting of EPSPs by action potentials’Science, 2001, 291, (5501), pp. 138–141.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hui, Y.Y., Su, L.-J., Chen, O.Y., Chen, Y.-T., Liu, T.-M., Chang, H.-C.: ‘Wide-field imaging and flow cytometric analysis of cancer cells in blood by fluorescent nanodiamond labeling and time gating’Sci. Rep., 2014, 4, p. 5574.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ellis, R.: ‘Language Teaching Research and Language Pedagogy’ (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2012)
An edited book
Ismail, M.E.H., Koelink, E. (Eds.): ‘Theory and Applications of Special Functions: A Volume Dedicated to Mizan Rahman’ (Springer US, 2005)
A chapter in an edited book
Tzanakis, I.P., Oreopoulos, D.G.: ‘Magnesium and Kidney Disease’, in Watson, R.R., Preedy, V.R., Zibadi, S. (Eds.): ‘Magnesium in Human Health and Disease’ (Humana Press, 2013), pp. 81–101

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Radar, Sonar & Navigation.

Blog post
Luntz, S.: ‘A New Sporting Competition – Which Balls Are Most Affected By The Magnus Effect?’, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘ADP Management: Status of the Army’s Logistics and Technical Information Initiatives’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1988)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yaceczko, S.D.: ‘A Telehealth Nutrition Manual for an Online Intensive Behavioral Weight Management Program’. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K.: ‘For Aching Knees, a Longer Walk May Be in Store’New York Times, 2001, p. 148.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Radar, Sonar & Navigation
ISSN (print)1751-8784
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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