How to format your references using the IET Radar, Sonar & Navigation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Radar, Sonar & Navigation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Davies, P.: ‘A quantum recipe for life’Nature, 2005, 437, (7060), p. 819.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gao, X., Wang, K.: ‘Strength of stick-slip and creeping subduction megathrusts from heat flow observations’Science, 2014, 345, (6200), pp. 1038–1041.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cacace, F., de Petris, G., Troiani, A.: ‘Experimental detection of tetranitrogen’Science, 2002, 295, (5554), pp. 480–481.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chipuk, J.E., Bouchier-Hayes, L., Kuwana, T., Newmeyer, D.D., Green, D.R.: ‘PUMA couples the nuclear and cytoplasmic proapoptotic function of p53’Science, 2005, 309, (5741), pp. 1732–1735.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zheng, Y., Xu, X., Xu, Z., Wang, J., Cai, H.: ‘Metallic Biomaterials’ (Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2017)
An edited book
Shiffman, M.A. (Ed.): ‘Breast Augmentation: Principles and Practice’ (Springer, 2009)
A chapter in an edited book
Shaffer, L.: ‘Biosurveillance Based on Test Orders from Veterinary Diagnostic Labs’, in Castillo-Chavez, C., Chen, H., Lober, W.B., Thurmond, M., Zeng, D. (Eds.): ‘Infectious Disease Informatics and Biosurveillance: Research, Systems and Case Studies’ (Springer US, 2011), pp. 89–107

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Radar, Sonar & Navigation.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J.: ‘Parts Of The Persian Gulf Could Be Unsafe For Humans By 2100 Due To Climate Change’, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘Civil Service Commission Should Correct Weaknesses in Its Automatic Data Processing Policies and Practices’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1978)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Israel, J.M.: ‘Student Extracurricular Participation, Student Achievement, and School Perception: an Elementary School Perspective’. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, 2013

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B.: ‘Film Series’New York Times, 2017, p. C20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Radar, Sonar & Navigation
ISSN (print)1751-8784
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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