How to format your references using the IET Radar, Sonar & Navigation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Radar, Sonar & Navigation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gill, J.L.: ‘ECOLOGY. Learning from Africa’s herbivores’Science, 2015, 350, (6264), pp. 1036–1037.
A journal article with 2 authors
Laanisto, L., Hutchings, M.J.: ‘Comment on “Worldwide evidence of a unimodal relationship between productivity and plant species richness”’Science, 2015, 350, (6265), p. 1177.
A journal article with 3 authors
Barnham, K.W., Nelson, J., Stevens, R.A.: ‘Did civil reactors supply plutonium for weapons?’Nature, 2000, 407, (6806), pp. 833–834.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Sass, H.J., Büldt, G., Gessenich, R., et al.: ‘Structural alterations for proton translocation in the M state of wild-type bacteriorhodopsin’Nature, 2000, 406, (6796), pp. 649–653.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Knopf, F.C.: ‘Modeling, Analysis and Optimization of Process and Energy Systems’ (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2011)
An edited book
Cannone, M., Miyakawa, T. (Eds.): ‘Mathematical Foundation of Turbulent Viscous Flows: Lectures given at the C.I.M.E. Summer School held in Martina Franca, Italy, SEptember 1-5, 2003’ (Springer, 2006)
A chapter in an edited book
Fazli, S., Suk, H.-I., Lee, S.-W., Müller, K.-R.: ‘Multifrequency Analysis of Brain-Computer Interfaces’, in Lee, S.-W., Bülthoff, H.H., Müller, K.-R. (Eds.): ‘Recent Progress in Brain and Cognitive Engineering’ (Springer Netherlands, 2015), pp. 49–60

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Radar, Sonar & Navigation.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J.: ‘SpaceX Might Perform A Daring Landing Of Its Massive New Rocket Later This Year’, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘Broadband Performance: Additional Actions Could Help FCC Evaluate Its Efforts to Inform Consumers’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 2015)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moon, M.M.: ‘The needs of Korean-American and Korean families of children with disabilities’. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2009

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M.J.O.: ‘For St. Patrick’s Day Parade 1855, Snow on the Clover’New York Times, 2016, p. C26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Radar, Sonar & Navigation
ISSN (print)1751-8784
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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