How to format your references using the IET Optoelectronics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Optoelectronics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
East, R.: ‘Microbiome: Soil science comes to life’Nature, 2013, 501, (7468), pp. S18-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wallenfang, M.R., Seydoux, G.: ‘Polarization of the anterior-posterior axis of C. elegans is a microtubule-directed process’Nature, 2000, 408, (6808), pp. 89–92.
A journal article with 3 authors
Huxter, J., Burgess, N., O’Keefe, J.: ‘Independent rate and temporal coding in hippocampal pyramidal cells’Nature, 2003, 425, (6960), pp. 828–832.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Avila, J., Razado, I., Lorcy, S., et al.: ‘Exploring electronic structure of one-atom thick polycrystalline graphene films: a nano angle resolved photoemission study’Sci. Rep., 2013, 3, p. 2439.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Davis, M., McKimm, J., Forrest, K.: ‘How to Assess Doctors and Health Professionals’ (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2013)
An edited book
Talaba, D., Amditis, A. (Eds.): ‘Product Engineering: Tools and Methods Based on Virtual Reality’ (Springer Netherlands, 2008)
A chapter in an edited book
Hellman, D.: ‘An Epistemic Defense of Precedent’, in Peters, C.J. (Ed.): ‘Precedent in the United States Supreme Court’ (Springer Netherlands, 2013), pp. 63–76

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Optoelectronics.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J.: ‘First Lab-Grown Human Sperm Technique Revealed By Scientists’, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘Teacher Quality: Sustained Coordination among Key Federal Education Programs Could Enhance State Efforts to Improve Teacher Quality’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 2009)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sato, O.: ‘The use of statistical metrics as a decision making tool in brief experimental analysis’. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2010

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L.: ‘Justices Accept Question of Prosecutors as Lawyers or Managers’New York Times, 2008, p. A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Optoelectronics
AbbreviationIET Optoelectron.
ISSN (print)1751-8768
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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