How to format your references using the IET Optoelectronics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Optoelectronics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schimmel, P.: ‘Alexander Rich (1924-2015)’Nature, 2015, 521, (7552), p. 291.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cao, W., De La Cruz, E.M.: ‘Quantitative full time course analysis of nonlinear enzyme cycling kinetics’Sci. Rep., 2013, 3, p. 2658.
A journal article with 3 authors
Saikia, A., Frost, D.J., Rubie, D.C.: ‘Splitting of the 520-kilometer seismic discontinuity and chemical heterogeneity in the mantle’Science, 2008, 319, (5869), pp. 1515–1518.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Marahatta, A., Bhandary, B., Jeong, S.-K., Kim, H.-R., Chae, H.-J.: ‘Soybean greatly reduces valproic acid plasma concentrations: a food-drug interaction study’Sci. Rep., 2014, 4, p. 4362.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nagasawa, M.: ‘Physical Chemistry of Polyelectrolyte Solutions: Advances in Chemical Physics’ (John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2015)
An edited book
Ait Ameur, Y., Bellatreche, L., Papadopoulos, G.A. (Eds.): ‘Model and Data Engineering: 4th International Conference, MEDI 2014, Larnaca, Cyprus, September 24-26, 2014. Proceedings’ (Springer International Publishing, 2014)
A chapter in an edited book
Coates, A.J., Wahlund, J.-E., Ågren, K., et al.: ‘Recent Results from Titan’s Ionosphere’, in Szego, K. (Ed.): ‘The Plasma Environment of Venus, Mars, and Titan’ (Springer US, 2012), pp. 85–111

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Optoelectronics.

Blog post
Fang, J.: ‘Meet the New Blue and Purple Crayfish from Indonesia’,, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘NASA Issues’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1992)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dunn, D.N.: ‘Non-Athlete Students’ Attitudes toward Student-Athletes: A Social Identity Approach’. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, 2015

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, R.: ‘Mortality Tale’New York Times, 1993, p. 711.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Optoelectronics
AbbreviationIET Optoelectron.
ISSN (print)1751-8768
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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