How to format your references using the IET Optoelectronics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Optoelectronics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Egan, G.: ‘Only connect’Nature, 2000, 403, (6770), p. 599.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shirane, M., Nakayama, K.I.: ‘Protrudin induces neurite formation by directional membrane trafficking’Science, 2006, 314, (5800), pp. 818–821.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bingenheimer, J.B., Brennan, R.T., Earls, F.J.: ‘Firearm violence exposure and serious violent behavior’Science, 2005, 308, (5726), pp. 1323–1326.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lebreton, A., Tomecki, R., Dziembowski, A., Séraphin, B.: ‘Endonucleolytic RNA cleavage by a eukaryotic exosome’Nature, 2008, 456, (7224), pp. 993–996.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Prydie, D., Hewitt, I.: ‘Practical Physiotherapy for Small Animal Practice’ (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2015)
An edited book
Povh, B.: ‘Particles and Nuclei: An Introduction to the Physical Concepts’ (Springer, 2015, 7th ed. 2015)
A chapter in an edited book
Shin, K., Abraham, A., Han, S.Y.: ‘Self Organizing Sensor Networks Using Intelligent Clustering’, in Gavrilova, M.L., Gervasi, O., Kumar, V., et al. (Eds.): ‘Computational Science and Its Applications - ICCSA 2006: International Conference, Glasgow, UK, May 8-11, 2006, Proceedings, Part IV’ (Springer, 2006), pp. 40–49

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Optoelectronics.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J.: ‘Russia’s Largest Private Science Funder Shuts Down After Kremlin Labels It A “Foreign Agent”’,, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Strong Leadership and Effective Partnerships Needed to Mitigate Risks’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1998)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Igualada, M.O.: ‘The beliefs of advanced placement teachers regarding equity and access to advanced placement courses: A mixed-methods study’. Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University, 2015

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Quain, J.R.: ‘The Light-Sensing Technology Carmakers Are Clamoring For’New York Times, 2017, p. B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Optoelectronics
AbbreviationIET Optoelectron.
ISSN (print)1751-8768
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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