How to format your references using the IET Optoelectronics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Optoelectronics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Triendl, R.: ‘Breaking down biological borders’Nature, 2002, 418, (6899), p. 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Salehi-Ashtiani, K., Szostak, J.W.: ‘In vitro evolution suggests multiple origins for the hammerhead ribozyme’Nature, 2001, 414, (6859), pp. 82–84.
A journal article with 3 authors
de la Mare, W., Gales, N., Mangel, M.: ‘Science and Law. Applying scientific principles in international law on whaling’Science, 2014, 345, (6201), pp. 1125–1126.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Melchinger, A.E., Schipprack, W., Würschum, T., Chen, S., Technow, F.: ‘Rapid and accurate identification of in vivo-induced haploid seeds based on oil content in maize’Sci. Rep., 2013, 3, p. 2129.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Safari, M., Ariff, M., Mohamad, S.: ‘Sukuk Securities’ (John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd, 2014)
An edited book
Purkayastha, J. (Ed.): ‘Bioprospecting of Indigenous Bioresources of North-East India’ (Springer, 2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Chang, D.-C., Dafni, G., Sadosky, C.: ‘A Div-Curl Lemma in BMO on a Domain’, in Sabadini, I., Struppa, D.C., Walnut, D.F. (Eds.): ‘Harmonic Analysis, Signal Processing, and Complexity: Festschrift in Honor of the 60th Birthday of Carlos A. Berenstein’ (Birkhäuser, 2005), pp. 55–65

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Optoelectronics.

Blog post
Andrew, D.: ‘For $8,000, This Startup Will Fill Your Veins With The Blood Of Young People — But It Has No Idea If It’ll Have Any Benefits’,, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘Need To Remove More Low-Cost, Low-Usage Items From Inventories’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1971)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bailey, R.U.: ‘A Risk Analysis Tool for Evaluating ROI of TRA for Major Defense Acquisition Programs’. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2015

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L.: ‘Court to Hear Challenge From Muslims Held After 9/11’New York Times, 2008, p. A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Optoelectronics
AbbreviationIET Optoelectron.
ISSN (print)1751-8768
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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