How to format your references using the IET Optoelectronics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Optoelectronics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McDowell, N.: ‘Joint European plan will tackle Africa’s killer diseases’Nature, 2003, 421, (6918), p. 5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Forrest, W.F., Cavet, G.: ‘Comment on “The consensus coding sequences of human breast and colorectal cancers”’Science, 2007, 317, (5844), pp. 1500; author reply 1500.
A journal article with 3 authors
Harding, E.J., Paul, E.S., Mendl, M.: ‘Animal behaviour: cognitive bias and affective state’Nature, 2004, 427, (6972), p. 312.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Araújo, A.D., Parteli, E.J.R., Pöschel, T., Andrade, J.S., Herrmann, H.J.: ‘Numerical modeling of the wind flow over a transverse dune’Sci. Rep., 2013, 3, p. 2858.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lévy, P.: ‘The Semantic Sphere 1’ (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2013)
An edited book
Younos, T., Grady, C.A. (Eds.): ‘Potable Water: Emerging Global Problems and Solutions’ (Springer International Publishing, 2014)
A chapter in an edited book
Katowitz, W.R., Katowitz, J.A.: ‘Orbitofacial Neurofibromatosis 1: Current Medical and Surgical Management’, in Guthoff, R.F., Katowitz, J.A. (Eds.): ‘Oculoplastics and Orbit: Aesthetic and Functional Oculofacial Plastic Problem-Solving in the 21st Century’ (Springer, 2010), pp. 79–94

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Optoelectronics.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: ‘Scientists Discover Pain-Sensing Gene’,, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘Greater Use of Exemplary Education Programs Could Improve Education for Disadvantaged Children’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1981)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tuinenga, J.M.: ‘John Corigliano’s Sonata for violin and piano: An analysis of context, structure, and style’. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2010

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
LaFORGIA, M.: ‘Delaying Repairs on Decrepit Tracks’New York Times, 2017, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Optoelectronics
AbbreviationIET Optoelectron.
ISSN (print)1751-8768
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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