How to format your references using the IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Elert, E.: ‘Living with leukaemia’Nature, 2013, 498, (7455), pp. S2-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rickman, C., Bickmore, W.A.: ‘Transcription. Flashing a light on the spatial organization of transcription’Science, 2013, 341, (6146), pp. 621–622.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ohmoto, H., Yamaguchi, K.E., Ono, S.: ‘Questions regarding Precambrian sulfur isotope fractionation’Science, 2001, 292, (5524), p. 1959.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Charest, M.G., Lerner, C.D., Brubaker, J.D., Siegel, D.R., Myers, A.G.: ‘A convergent enantioselective route to structurally diverse 6-deoxytetracycline antibiotics’Science, 2005, 308, (5720), pp. 395–398.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fliszár, S.: ‘Atomic Charges, Bond Properties, and Molecular Energies’ (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2008)
An edited book
Fischer-Wolfarth, J., Meyer, G. (Eds.): ‘Advanced Microsystems for Automotive Applications 2014: Smart Systems for Safe, Clean and Automated Vehicles’ (Springer International Publishing, 2014)
A chapter in an edited book
Saric, M.: ‘Echo Assessment of Systolic and Diastolic Function in Acute Coronary Syndrome’, in Herzog, E., Chaudhry, F. (Eds.): ‘Echocardiography in Acute Coronary Syndrome: Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention’ (Springer, 2009), pp. 37–57

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: ‘Do 3D Films Make you Dizzy – or is it Just Your Imagination?’,, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘Year 2000 Computing Crisis: USDA Faces Tremendous Challenges in Ensuring That Vital Public Services Are Not Disrupted’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1998)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cannon, J.R.: ‘Microwave-supported acid hydrolysis for proteomics’. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, 2012

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chira, S., Blaise, L.: ‘France’s First Lady, a Confidante and Coach, May Reshape an Evolving Role’New York Times, 2017, p. A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation
ISSN (print)1751-8725
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

Other styles