How to format your references using the IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Powell, K.: ‘Counting the cost’Nature, 2005, 434, (7036), pp. 1048–1049.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rydelek, P.A., Tuttle, M.: ‘Explosive craters and soil liquefaction’Nature, 2004, 427, (6970), pp. 115–116.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ibarra, R.U., Edwards, J.S., Palsson, B.O.: ‘Escherichia coli K-12 undergoes adaptive evolution to achieve in silico predicted optimal growth’Nature, 2002, 420, (6912), pp. 186–189.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ito, T., Wellmer, F., Yu, H., et al.: ‘The homeotic protein AGAMOUS controls microsporogenesis by regulation of SPOROCYTELESS’Nature, 2004, 430, (6997), pp. 356–360.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anjum, B., Perros, H.: ‘Bandwidth Allocation for Video Under Quality of Service Constraints’ (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2015)
An edited book
Finehout, E., Tian, W.-C. (Eds.): ‘Microfluidics for Biological Applications’ (Springer US, 2009)
A chapter in an edited book
Knapp, C.E.: ‘Experiential Education’, in Smith, H., McDermott, J.C. (Eds.): ‘The Foxfire Approach: Inspiration for Classrooms and Beyond’ (SensePublishers, 2016), pp. 31–43

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation.

Blog post
Andrews, R.: ‘Is Elon Musk Building An Iron Man Suit?’,, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘Highway Trust Fund: Pilot Program Could Help Determine the Viability of Mileage Fees for Certain Vehicles’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 2012)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reese, S.R.: ‘Transitioning to the oboe: Methods and resources to assist in switching to the oboe from other woodwind instruments’. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2012

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M.: ‘Scouting Report’New York Times, 2010, p. E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation
ISSN (print)1751-8725
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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