How to format your references using the IET Micro & Nano Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Micro & Nano Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rørth, P.: ‘Cell biology. Reach out and touch someone’Science, 2014, 343, (6173), pp. 848–849.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chen, W.-P., Yang, Z.: ‘Earthquakes beneath the Himalayas and Tibet: evidence for strong lithospheric mantle’Science, 2004, 304, (5679), pp. 1949–1952.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee, H., Lee, B.P., Messersmith, P.B.: ‘A reversible wet/dry adhesive inspired by mussels and geckos’Nature, 2007, 448, (7151), pp. 338–341.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Maeda, K., Benetti, S., Stritzinger, M., et al.: ‘An asymmetric explosion as the origin of spectral evolution diversity in type Ia supernovae’Nature, 2010, 466, (7302), pp. 82–85.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Exposito, E., Diop, C.: ‘Smart SOA Platforms in Cloud Computing Architectures’ (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2014)
An edited book
Condon, A., Harel, D., Kok, J.N., Salomaa, A., Winfree, E. (Eds.): ‘Algorithmic Bioprocesses’ (Springer, 2009)
A chapter in an edited book
Milutinović, V., Salom, J., Trifunovic, N., Giorgi, R.: ‘Using the WebIDE’, in Salom, J., Trifunovic, N., Giorgi, R. (Eds.): ‘Guide to DataFlow Supercomputing: Basic Concepts, Case Studies, and a Detailed Example’ (Springer International Publishing, 2015), pp. 107–122

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Micro & Nano Letters.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: ‘New Antibiotic-Free Treatment Could Tackle Drug-Resistant Bacteria’,, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘Customs Automation: Duties and Other Collections Vulnerable to Fraud and Abuse’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1990)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shackelford, V.: ‘Mary’s mandala story: Images of chaos in mandala psychology’. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2014

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L.: ‘For $37.5 Million, the Piano Man’s Estate’New York Times, 2006, p. 14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Micro & Nano Letters
AbbreviationMicro Nano Lett.
ISSN (print)1750-0443
Biomedical Engineering
General Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

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