How to format your references using the IET Micro & Nano Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Micro & Nano Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Landis, C.R.: ‘Organic chemistry. Construction and deconstruction of aldehydes by transfer hydroformylation’Science, 2015, 347, (6217), pp. 29–30.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dasgupta, P.S., Ehrlich, P.R.: ‘Pervasive externalities at the population, consumption, and environment nexus’Science, 2013, 340, (6130), pp. 324–328.
A journal article with 3 authors
Boyvat, M., Hafner, C., Leuthold, J.: ‘Wireless control and selection of forces and torques--towards wireless engines’Sci. Rep., 2014, 4, p. 5681.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Sahin, N.T., Pinker, S., Cash, S.S., Schomer, D., Halgren, E.: ‘Sequential processing of lexical, grammatical, and phonological information within Broca’s area’Science, 2009, 326, (5951), pp. 445–449.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Taylor, F.J.: ‘Digital Filters’ (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2011)
An edited book
Massacci, F., Wallach, D., Zannone, N. (Eds.): ‘Engineering Secure Software and Systems: Second International Symposium, ESSoS 2010, Pisa, Italy, February 3-4, 2010. Proceedings’ (Springer, 2010)
A chapter in an edited book
Tile, M.: ‘Fractures of the Proximal Humerus’, in Tile, M. (Ed.): ‘The Rationale of Operative Fracture Care’ (Springer, 2005), pp. 57–89

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Micro & Nano Letters.

Blog post
Andrews, R.: ‘Chimpanzees And Bonobos Had Two Major Flings In The Ancient Past’,, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘Assessment of the Teacher Corps Program at the University of Southern California and Participating Schools in Tulare County Serving Rural-Migrant Children’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1971)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mills Campbell, D.: ‘Exploratory Inquiry: Fundraising at Historically Black Colleges and Universities to Reduce Resource Dependence’. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2017

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY, J.C., Jr: ‘Rikers Guards Accused of Turning a Blind Eye to, or Even Enabling, Sex Assaults’New York Times, 2017, p. A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Micro & Nano Letters
AbbreviationMicro Nano Lett.
ISSN (print)1750-0443
Biomedical Engineering
General Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

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