How to format your references using the IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bates, G.P.: ‘BIOMEDICINE: One Misfolded Protein Allows Others to Sneak By’Science, 2006, 311, (5766), pp. 1385–1386.
A journal article with 2 authors
Holme, P., Liljeros, F.: ‘Birth and death of links control disease spreading in empirical contact networks’Sci. Rep., 2014, 4, p. 4999.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pawlowski, B., Dunbar, R.I., Lipowicz, A.: ‘Tall men have more reproductive success’Nature, 2000, 403, (6766), p. 156.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chuang, Y.D., Gromko, A.D., Dessau, D.S., Kimura, T., Tokura, Y.: ‘Fermi surface nesting and nanoscale fluctuating charge/orbital ordering in colossal magnetoresistive oxides’Science, 2001, 292, (5521), pp. 1509–1513.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sarisky, D.: ‘Scriptural Interpretation’ (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2012)
An edited book
Denbratt, I., Subic, A., Wellnitz, J. (Eds.): ‘Sustainable Automotive Technologies 2014: Proceedings of the 6th ICSAT’ (Springer International Publishing, 2015)
A chapter in an edited book
Cristea, S., Kuipers, J., Beerenwinkel, N.: ‘pathTiMEx: Joint Inference of Mutually Exclusive Cancer Pathways and Their Dependencies in Tumor Progression’, in Singh, M. (Ed.): ‘Research in Computational Molecular Biology: 20th Annual Conference, RECOMB 2016, Santa Monica, CA, USA, April 17-21, 2016, Proceedings’ (Springer International Publishing, 2016), pp. 65–82

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J.: ‘Russia Wants To Send People Back To The Moon In 2031’,, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘Activities of the Amtrak Inspector General’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 2005)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baker, N.S.: ‘Bridging the Gap: Finding the Language of Soul’. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2012

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M.: ‘Bridget Kelly and Eric Strauss’New York Times, 2012, p. ST11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Generation, Transmission & Distribution
AbbreviationIET Gener. Transm. Distrib.
ISSN (print)1751-8687
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Control and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Other styles