How to format your references using the IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wagner, P.J.: ‘EVOLUTION. One era you are in—the next you are out’Science, 2015, 350, (6262), pp. 736–737.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kahane, G., Shackel, N.: ‘Do abnormal responses show utilitarian bias?’Nature, 2008, 452, (7185), pp. E5; author reply E5-6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaiser, U., Schwarz, A., Wiesendanger, R.: ‘Magnetic exchange force microscopy with atomic resolution’Nature, 2007, 446, (7135), pp. 522–525.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Sparrow, C., Martín-López, E., Maraviglia, N., et al.: ‘Simulating the vibrational quantum dynamics of molecules using photonics’Nature, 2018, 557, (7707), pp. 660–667.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Makower, T.: ‘Touching the City’ (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2014)
An edited book
Simmons, J.A., Hackett, J.E. (Eds.): ‘Phenomenology for the Twenty-First Century’ (Palgrave Macmillan UK, 2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Tahir, A., MacDonell, S., Buchan, J.: ‘A Study of the Relationship Between Class Testability and Runtime Properties’, in Maciaszek, L.A., Filipe, J. (Eds.): ‘Evaluation of Novel Approaches to Software Engineering: 9th International Conference, ENASE 2014, Lisbon, Portugal, April 28-30, 2014. Revised Selected Papers’ (Springer International Publishing, 2015), pp. 63–78

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: ‘Vitamin B3 May Have Originated From Space’,, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘Freight Railroad Safety: Hours of Service Changes Have Increased Rest Time, but More Can Be Done to Address Fatigue Risks’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 2011)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sulaiman, Y.: ‘The Banteng and the Eagle: Indonesian Foreign Policy and the United States During the Era of Sukarno 1945-1967’. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, 2008

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J.: ‘E!, a Mainstay on the Red Carpet, Buys the People’s Choice Awards’New York Times, 2017, p. B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Generation, Transmission & Distribution
AbbreviationIET Gener. Transm. Distrib.
ISSN (print)1751-8687
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Control and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Other styles