How to format your references using the IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stone, R.: ‘U.S.-RUSSIA TIES: Spy Conviction Strains Science Collaborations’Science, 2000, 290, (5499), pp. 2043–2045.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gilboa, L., Lehmann, R.: ‘Soma-germline interactions coordinate homeostasis and growth in the Drosophila gonad’Nature, 2006, 443, (7107), pp. 97–100.
A journal article with 3 authors
Di Matteo, T., Springel, V., Hernquist, L.: ‘Energy input from quasars regulates the growth and activity of black holes and their host galaxies’Nature, 2005, 433, (7026), pp. 604–607.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Tsai, T.Y.-C., Choi, Y.S., Ma, W., Pomerening, J.R., Tang, C., Ferrell, J.E., Jr: ‘Robust, tunable biological oscillations from interlinked positive and negative feedback loops’Science, 2008, 321, (5885), pp. 126–129.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mitra, A.: ‘Fundamentals of Quality Control and Improvement’ (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2008)
An edited book
Blande, J.D., Glinwood, R. (Eds.): ‘Deciphering Chemical Language of Plant Communication’ (Springer International Publishing, 2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Svatoš, O., Řepa, V.: ‘Working with Process Abstraction Levels’, in Řepa, V., Bruckner, T. (Eds.): ‘Perspectives in Business Informatics Research: 15th International Conference, BIR 2016, Prague, Czech Republic, September 15–16, 2016, Proceedings’ (Springer International Publishing, 2016), pp. 65–79

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution.

Blog post
Evans, K.: ‘Study Finds No Proof Fitness Trackers Help With Weight Loss’, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘Federal Research Grants: Opportunities Remain for Agencies to Streamline Administrative Requirements’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 2016)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alvarez, C.: ‘Support groups for children of depressed parents: A grant proposal’. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2015

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cox, R., Hay, G.: ‘When Numbers Eclipse Message’New York Times, 2011, p. B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Generation, Transmission & Distribution
AbbreviationIET Gener. Transm. Distrib.
ISSN (print)1751-8687
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Control and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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