How to format your references using the IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pearson, P.N.: ‘Paleoclimate. Increased atmospheric CO₂ during the Middle Eocene’Science, 2010, 330, (6005), pp. 763–764.
A journal article with 2 authors
Beatty, P.H., Good, A.G.: ‘Plant science. Future prospects for cereals that fix nitrogen’Science, 2011, 333, (6041), pp. 416–417.
A journal article with 3 authors
Blomster, J.P., Neff, H., Glascock, M.D.: ‘Olmec pottery production and export in ancient Mexico determined through elemental analysis’Science, 2005, 307, (5712), pp. 1068–1072.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhu, G., Wang, M., Spike, B., et al.: ‘Differential requirement of GRP94 and GRP78 in mammary gland development’Sci. Rep., 2014, 4, p. 5390.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Plantin, J.-C.: ‘Participatory Mapping’ (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2014)
An edited book
Giovanni, G., Di Matteo, V., Esposito, E. (Eds.): ‘Birth, Life and Death of Dopaminergic Neurons in the Substantia Nigra’ (Springer, 2009)
A chapter in an edited book
Buades, J.M., González-Hidalgo, M., Perales, F.J., Ramis-Guarinos, S., Oliver, A., Montiel, E.: ‘A Fast Geometric Deformation Method to Adapt a Foot to a Platform’, in González Hidalgo, M., Mir Torres, A., Varona Gómez, J. (Eds.): ‘Deformation Models: Tracking, Animation and Applications’ (Springer Netherlands, 2013), pp. 121–143

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution.

Blog post
Carpineti, A.: ‘Curiosity’s Latest Earth-Like Images Will Make You Forget The Rover Is On Mars’,, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘Department of Homeland Security: Actions Needed to Strengthen Management of Research and Development’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 2014)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Polderman, M.C.: ‘Textile Factories and Subsistence Plots: Rural Women’s Livelihoods and Unique Transition Experiences in Bulgaria’. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, 2006

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M.: ‘Right to Play Is a Victory For a School’New York Times, 2013, p. D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Generation, Transmission & Distribution
AbbreviationIET Gener. Transm. Distrib.
ISSN (print)1751-8687
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Control and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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