How to format your references using the IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cohen, J.: ‘Strategies against HIV/AIDS. Australia shows its neighbors how to stem an epidemic. Introduction’Science, 2014, 345, (6193), pp. 152–155.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ganachaud, A., Wunsch, C.: ‘Improved estimates of global ocean circulation, heat transport and mixing from hydrographic data’Nature, 2000, 408, (6811), pp. 453–457.
A journal article with 3 authors
Beeli, G., Esslen, M., Jäncke, L.: ‘Synaesthesia: when coloured sounds taste sweet’Nature, 2005, 434, (7029), p. 38.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Pethe, K., Alonso, S., Biet, F., et al.: ‘The heparin-binding haemagglutinin of M. tuberculosis is required for extrapulmonary dissemination’Nature, 2001, 412, (6843), pp. 190–194.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
DiMarzio, J.F.: ‘Beginning Android® Programming with Android Studio’ (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2016)
An edited book
Bischi, G.I., Panchuk, A., Radi, D. (Eds.): ‘Qualitative Theory of Dynamical Systems, Tools and Applications for Economic Modelling: Lectures Given at the COST Training School on New Economic Complex Geography at Urbino, Italy, 17-19 September 2015’ (Springer International Publishing, 2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Fertő, I., Podruzsik, S.: ‘Intra-industry Trade in the Beer Industry within the Enlarged European Union’, in Cabras, I., Higgins, D., Preece, D. (Eds.): ‘Brewing, Beer and Pubs: A Global Perspective’ (Palgrave Macmillan UK, 2016), pp. 74–96

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution.

Blog post
Andrews, R.: ‘First Baby In Europe With Zika-Related Microcephaly Born In Spain’, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘The Case for Programwide Statistical Reviews of Fraud and Abuse’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1982)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Christian, T.M.: ‘Under the Navajo stars: The intersection of mythic narratives, archaeology, and star ceilings’. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2012

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hooper-Bui, L.: ‘A Gulf Science Blackout’New York Times, 2010, p. A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Generation, Transmission & Distribution
AbbreviationIET Gener. Transm. Distrib.
ISSN (print)1751-8687
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Control and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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