How to format your references using the IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bertola, F.: ‘Astronomy. Putting galaxies on the scale’Science, 2002, 295, (5553), pp. 283–284.
A journal article with 2 authors
Willis, K.J., Whittaker, R.J.: ‘Ecology. Species diversity--scale matters’Science, 2002, 295, (5558), pp. 1245–1248.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fleurquin, P., Ramasco, J.J., Eguiluz, V.M.: ‘Systemic delay propagation in the US airport network’Sci. Rep., 2013, 3, p. 1159.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Dai, B., Zhang, Y., Zhan, Y., Zhang, D., Wang, N., He, L.: ‘A novel tissue model for angiogenesis: evaluation of inhibitors or promoters in tissue level’Sci. Rep., 2014, 4, p. 3693.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lueder, E.: ‘3D Displays’ (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2011)
An edited book
Shingareva, I.: ‘Solving Nonlinear Partial Differential Equations with Maple and Mathematica’ (Springer, 2011)
A chapter in an edited book
Bakar, R.A., Yu-Yi, C., Watada, J.: ‘Robustness of DNA-Based Clustering’, in Ruano, A.E., Várkonyi-Kóczy, A.R. (Eds.): ‘New Advances in Intelligent Signal Processing’ (Springer, 2011), pp. 75–92

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: ‘How Life on Earth Recovers After A Devastating Mass Extinction’, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘CETA Programs for Disadvantaged Adults: What Do We Know About Their Enrollees, Services, and Effectiveness’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1982)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davidson, A.O.: ‘Observing action research processes in practice’. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina, 2009

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Fiske, I.H.: ‘KEATS’S “LAMIA.”; Found on Shelley’s Drowned Body and Cast Into His Funeral Flames’New York Times, 1906, p. REVIEW OF BOOKSBR61.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Generation, Transmission & Distribution
AbbreviationIET Gener. Transm. Distrib.
ISSN (print)1751-8687
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Control and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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