How to format your references using the IET Control Theory & Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Control Theory & Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buffett, B.: ‘Geomagnetic fluctuations reveal stable stratification at the top of the Earth’s core’Nature, 2014, 507, (7493), pp. 484–487.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ochman, H., Raghavan, R.: ‘Systems biology. Excavating the functional landscape of bacterial cells’Science, 2009, 326, (5957), pp. 1200–1201.
A journal article with 3 authors
Huffard, C.L., Boneka, F., Full, R.J.: ‘Underwater bipedal locomotion by octopuses in disguise’Science, 2005, 307, (5717), p. 1927.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Maksymovych, P., Jesse, S., Yu, P., Ramesh, R., Baddorf, A.P., Kalinin, S.V.: ‘Polarization control of electron tunneling into ferroelectric surfaces’Science, 2009, 324, (5933), pp. 1421–1425.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Carter, M., Bentley, S.P.: ‘Soil Properties and their Correlations’ (John Wiley &;#38; Sons, Ltd, 2016)
An edited book
Kachapi, S.H.H.: ‘Dynamics and Vibrations: Progress in Nonlinear Analysis’ (Springer Netherlands, 2014)
A chapter in an edited book
Dorczak, R.: ‘Inclusion Through the Lens of School Culture’, in Ottesen, E., Precey, R. (Eds.): ‘Leadership for Inclusive Education: Values, Vision and Voices’ (SensePublishers, 2013), pp. 47–57

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Control Theory & Applications.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: ‘Experts Raise Eyebrows Over Meteoritic Origin Of Nicaraguan Crater’,, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘The Upcoming Transition: GAO’s Efforts to Assist the 111th Congress and the Next Administration’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 2008)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vestergaard, E.V.: ‘The shadow in Latvian mythological legends: A Jungian perspective’. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2015

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B., Spencer, H., Ember, S.: ‘Magazine Loses Suit Charging Defamation’New York Times, 2016, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Control Theory & Applications
ISSN (print)1751-8644
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Human-Computer Interaction
Control and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Control and Optimization

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