How to format your references using the IET Circuits, Devices & Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Circuits, Devices & Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Urnov, F.D.: ‘Biological techniques: Edit the genome to understand it’Nature, 2014, 513, (7516), pp. 40–41.
A journal article with 2 authors
Edwards, M., Richardson, A.J.: ‘Impact of climate change on marine pelagic phenology and trophic mismatch’Nature, 2004, 430, (7002), pp. 881–884.
A journal article with 3 authors
Silk, J.B., Alberts, S.C., Altmann, J.: ‘Social bonds of female baboons enhance infant survival’Science, 2003, 302, (5648), pp. 1231–1234.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Konopka, G., Bomar, J.M., Winden, K., et al.: ‘Human-specific transcriptional regulation of CNS development genes by FOXP2’Nature, 2009, 462, (7270), pp. 213–217.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Relethford, J.H.: ‘50 Great Myths of Human Evolution’ (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2017)
An edited book
Alberts, D., Hess, L.M. (Eds.): ‘Fundamentals of Cancer Prevention’ (Springer, 2014, 3rd ed. 2014)
A chapter in an edited book
Pajares, S., Gallardo, J.F., Etchevers, J.D.: ‘Enzymatic Activity and Carbon Mineralization in Mexican Tepetates Cultivated Under Different Management Practices’, in Trasar-Cepeda, C., Hernández, T., García, C., Rad, C., González-Carcedo, S. (Eds.): ‘Soil Enzymology in the Recycling of Organic Wastes and Environmental Restoration’ (Springer, 2012), pp. 51–62

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Circuits, Devices & Systems.

Blog post
Luntz, S.: ‘Endangered Turtle Gets Prosthetic Fin’,, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘AIP Funding for the Nation’s Largest Airports’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1996)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jackson, M.E.: ‘Where are the parents: The parent’s perspective of parental involvement in education’. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2010

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B.: ‘How Penguins Make A Home on Road Ice’New York Times, 2017, p. D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Circuits, Devices & Systems
ISSN (print)1751-858X
ScopeControl and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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