How to format your references using the IET Circuits, Devices & Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Circuits, Devices & Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dye, C.: ‘Health and urban living’Science, 2008, 319, (5864), pp. 766–769.
A journal article with 2 authors
Relling, M.V., Evans, W.E.: ‘Pharmacogenomics in the clinic’Nature, 2015, 526, (7573), pp. 343–350.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gill, D.L., Spassova, M.A., Soboloff, J.: ‘Signal transduction. Calcium entry signals--trickles and torrents’Science, 2006, 313, (5784), pp. 183–184.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Eroglu, Z., Zaretsky, J.M., Hu-Lieskovan, S., et al.: ‘High response rate to PD-1 blockade in desmoplastic melanomas’Nature, 2018, 553, (7688), pp. 347–350.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morana, J.: ‘Sustainable Supply Chain Management’ (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2013)
An edited book
Vielhauer, C., Dittmann, J., Drygajlo, A., Juul, N.C., Fairhurst, M.C. (Eds.): ‘Biometrics and ID Management: COST 2101 European Workshop, BioID 2011, Brandenburg (Havel), Germany, March 8-10, 2011. Proceedings’ (Springer, 2011)
A chapter in an edited book
Levitt, J.O.: ‘Shave Removal’, in Levitt, J.O., Sobanko, J.F. (Eds.): ‘Safety in Office-Based Dermatologic Surgery’ (Springer International Publishing, 2015), pp. 31–40

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Circuits, Devices & Systems.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: ‘Robot Can Be Programmed Through Conversation’,, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘Commercial Space Launches: FAA Needs Continued Planning and Monitoring to Oversee the Safety of the Emerging Space Tourism Industry’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 2006)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Malherek, M.N.: ‘The Prevalence and Predictors of Parental Corporal Punishment in the United States’. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, 2016

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M.: ‘Men’s and Women’s 800-Meter Teams Are Settled’New York Times, 2012, p. B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Circuits, Devices & Systems
ISSN (print)1751-858X
ScopeControl and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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