How to format your references using the IET Circuits, Devices & Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Circuits, Devices & Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Triendl, R.: ‘Japan sets tissue donor guidelines’Nature, 2000, 404, (6778), p. 529.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ruokolainen, K., Tuomisto, H.: ‘Beta-diversity in tropical forests’Science, 2002, 297, (5586), pp. 1439; discussion 1439.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ooi, T.L., Wu, B., He, Z.J.: ‘Distance determined by the angular declination below the horizon’Nature, 2001, 414, (6860), pp. 197–200.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Baxter-Burrell, A., Yang, Z., Springer, P.S., Bailey-Serres, J.: ‘RopGAP4-dependent Rop GTPase rheostat control of Arabidopsis oxygen deprivation tolerance’Science, 2002, 296, (5575), pp. 2026–2028.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wempen, F.: ‘Microsoft® PowerPoint® 2010 Bible’ (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2010)
An edited book
Ebert, C.: ‘Best Practices in Software Measurement: How to use metrics to improve project and process performance’ (Springer, 2005)
A chapter in an edited book
Kleiber, M., Kowalczyk, P.: ‘Motion, Deformation and Strain in Material Continuum’, in Kowalczyk, P. (Ed.): ‘Introduction to Nonlinear Thermomechanics of Solids’ (Springer International Publishing, 2016), pp. 81–113

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Circuits, Devices & Systems.

Blog post
Andrews, R.: ‘Bright Spots Within Coral Reefs Suggest They Could Ultimately Be Saved’,, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘Utilization of the United States Coast Guard High Endurance Cutter Fleet’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1970)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCarroll, M.L.: ‘Exercise and Airway Clearing Devices in Pulmonary Rehabilitation Programs for Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease’. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, 2005

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Wagner, J.: ‘Versatile Met Tries to Pull a Murphy’New York Times, 2016, p. B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Circuits, Devices & Systems
ISSN (print)1751-858X
ScopeControl and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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