How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II: Express Briefs citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II: Express Briefs. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. Gomory, “Benoît Mandelbrot (1924-2010),” Nature, vol. 468, no. 7322, p. 378, Nov. 2010.
A journal article with 2 authors
J.-L. Du and M.-M. Poo, “Rapid BDNF-induced retrograde synaptic modification in a developing retinotectal system,” Nature, vol. 429, no. 6994, pp. 878–883, Jun. 2004.
A journal article with 3 authors
S. Garofalo, M. E. Maier, and G. di Pellegrino, “Mediofrontal negativity signals unexpected omission of aversive events,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 4816, Apr. 2014.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Q. Ji, M. A. Norell, K. Q. Gao, S. A. Ji, and D. Ren, “The distribution of integumentary structures in a feathered dinosaur,” Nature, vol. 410, no. 6832, pp. 1084–1088, Apr. 2001.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. Gros and K. Lannoo, The Euro Capital Market. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2004.
An edited book
G. Bebis et al., Eds., Advances in Visual Computing: Second International Symposium, ISVC 2006 Lake Tahoe, NV, USA, November 6-8, 2006. Proceedings, Part II, vol. 4292. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Chesko, T. Vedvick, and S. Reed, “Development of Biophysical Assays to Better Understand Adjuvanted Vaccine Formulation Potency and Stability,” in Novel Immune Potentiators and Delivery Technologies for Next Generation Vaccines, M. Singh, Ed. Boston, MA: Springer US, 2013, pp. 107–118.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II: Express Briefs.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Who’s To Blame When Artificial Intelligence Systems Go Wrong?,” IFLScience, 17-Aug-2015. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “U.S. Telecommunications Policy: Demand Dictates Supply,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 144265, Jan. 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C. A. Prendergast, “Nontraditional online students perceptions on student success conditions,” Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Pilon, “A Series of Poses for Fitness, Inside and Out,” New York Times, p. A11, 03-Jan-2013.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II: Express Briefs
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. II Express Briefs
ISSN (print)1549-7747
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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