How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II: Express Briefs citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II: Express Briefs. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
G. A. Rutter, “Cell biology. Pancreas micromanages autophagy,” Science, vol. 347, no. 6224, pp. 826–827, Feb. 2015.
A journal article with 2 authors
L. Seeber and J. G. Armbruster, “Earthquakes as beacons of stress change,” Nature, vol. 407, no. 6800, pp. 69–72, Sep. 2000.
A journal article with 3 authors
W. W. Liu, O. Mazor, and R. I. Wilson, “Thermosensory processing in the Drosophila brain,” Nature, vol. 519, no. 7543, pp. 353–357, Mar. 2015.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. W. Barnes et al., “Requirement of mammalian Timeless for circadian rhythmicity,” Science, vol. 302, no. 5644, pp. 439–442, Oct. 2003.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
E. C. Dos Santos Jr and E. R. Cabral da Silva, ADVANCED POWER ELECTRONICS CONVERTERS. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2014.
An edited book
I. Kalaš and R. T. Mittermeir, Eds., Informatics in Schools. Contributing to 21st Century Education: 5th International Conference on Informatics in Schools: Situation, Evolution and Perspectives, ISSEP 2011, Bratislava, Slovakia, October 26-29, 2011. Proceedings, vol. 7013. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
J. M. Martínez-Otzeta, A. Ibarguren, A. Ansuategi, and L. Susperregi, “Laser Based People Following Behaviour in an Emergency Environment,” in Intelligent Robotics and Applications: Second International Conference, ICIRA 2009, Singapore, December 16-18, 2009. Proceedings, M. Xie, Y. Xiong, C. Xiong, H. Liu, and Z. Hu, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009, pp. 33–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II: Express Briefs.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, “Nearby Stars Provides A Snapshot Of The Future Of Earth,” IFLScience, Dec. 08, 2016. .


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Review of Vending Operations on Federally Controlled Property,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, B-176886, Sep. 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. Kreisel, “Gabor frames for quasicrystals and K-theory,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
J. G. Cobb, “Why Fog Lamps Are Going the Way Of Built-In Ashtrays,” New York Times, p. B5, Jun. 29, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II: Express Briefs
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. II Express Briefs
ISSN (print)1549-7747
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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