How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. Nielsen, “Evolution. Why sex?,” Science, vol. 311, no. 5763, pp. 960–961, Feb. 2006.
A journal article with 2 authors
F. Morone and H. A. Makse, “Influence maximization in complex networks through optimal percolation,” Nature, vol. 524, no. 7563, pp. 65–68, Aug. 2015.
A journal article with 3 authors
T. Kushiro, E. Nambara, and P. McCourt, “Hormone evolution: The key to signalling,” Nature, vol. 422, no. 6928, p. 122, Mar. 2003.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T. Blom, A. Franzén, D. Heinegård, and R. Holmdahl, “Comment on ‘The influence of the proinflammatory cytokine, osteopontin, on autoimmune demyelinating disease,’” Science, vol. 299, no. 5614, pp. 1845; author reply 1845, Mar. 2003.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. Tian, Software Quality Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2005.
An edited book
H. J. Dumont, Ed., The Nile: Origin, Environments, Limnology and Human Use, vol. 89. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
S. I. Pardalopoulos, S. J. Pantazopoulou, and M. T. Kontari, “Rapid Seismic Assessment Procedure of Masonry Buildings with Historic Value,” in Seismic Assessment, Behavior and Retrofit of Heritage Buildings and Monuments, I. N. Psycharis, S. J. Pantazopoulou, and M. Papadrakakis, Eds. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015, pp. 113–137.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers.

Blog post
B. Taub, “Monkeys Accidentally Make Stone Flakes That Resemble Ancient Hominin Tools,” IFLScience, Oct. 19, 2016. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Information Technology: A Statistical Study of Acquisition Time,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, AIMD-95-65, Mar. 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
P. R. Sherwin, “The disconnection between high school and college: A study of retention of students who are at risk of leaving college before completing a degree,” Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
D. D. Kirkpatrick, D. Hakim, and J. Glanz, “‘An Accident Waiting to Happen’: Blame in a Deadly London Fire,” New York Times, p. A1, Jun. 24, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. I Regul. Pap.
ISSN (print)1549-8328
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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