How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
K. Kleiner, “Crunch time for New Jersey lab,” Nature, vol. 440, no. 7088, p. 1111, Apr. 2006.
A journal article with 2 authors
D. G. Bucknall and H. L. Anderson, “Chemistry. Polymers get organized,” Science, vol. 302, no. 5652, pp. 1904–1905, Dec. 2003.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Worobey, G.-Z. Han, and A. Rambaut, “A synchronized global sweep of the internal genes of modern avian influenza virus,” Nature, vol. 508, no. 7495, pp. 254–257, Apr. 2014.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Popow et al., “HSPC117 is the essential subunit of a human tRNA splicing ligase complex,” Science, vol. 331, no. 6018, pp. 760–764, Feb. 2011.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. Hackshaw, A Concise Guide to Observational Studies in Healthcare. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2014.
An edited book
O. Gervasi et al., Eds., Computational Science and Its Applications -- ICCSA 2015: 15th International Conference, Banff, AB, Canada, June 22-25, 2015, Proceedings, Part II, vol. 9156. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
M. J. Fisch, “Fatigue,” in Supportive Care in Cancer Therapy, D. S. Ettinger, Ed. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press, 2009, pp. 87–107.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers.

Blog post
K. Hamilton, “Beetle Uses ‘Switchable Reflector’ To Change From Gold to Red,” IFLScience, 05-Sep-2014. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Federal Retirement Processing: Applying Information Technology Acquisition Best Practices Could Help OPM Overcome a Long History of Unsuccessful Modernization Efforts,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-15-277T, Dec. 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. Robertson, “Respite efficacy for parents of adults with intellectual disabilities: An ethnographic perspective,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. K. Reinhart, “Kathryn Bertine and George Varhola Jr,” New York Times, p. ST14, 21-Nov-2010.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. I Regul. Pap.
ISSN (print)1549-8328
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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