How to format your references using the IEEE Instrumentation & Measurement Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Instrumentation & Measurement Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. A. Starr, “Cell biology. Nuclei get TAN lines,” Science, vol. 329, no. 5994, pp. 909–910, Aug. 2010.
A journal article with 2 authors
G. I. Evan and K. H. Vousden, “Proliferation, cell cycle and apoptosis in cancer,” Nature, vol. 411, no. 6835, pp. 342–348, May 2001.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Suda, R. Kato, and H. M. Yamamoto, “Superconductivity. Light-induced superconductivity using a photoactive electric double layer,” Science, vol. 347, no. 6223, pp. 743–746, Feb. 2015.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T. Otomo, D. R. Tomchick, C. Otomo, S. C. Panchal, M. Machius, and M. K. Rosen, “Structural basis of actin filament nucleation and processive capping by a formin homology 2 domain,” Nature, vol. 433, no. 7025, pp. 488–494, Feb. 2005.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. B. Anderson, Bandwidth Efficient Coding. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2017.
An edited book
L. Lau and K.-H. Ng, Eds., Radiological Safety and Quality: Paradigms in Leadership and Innovation. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Z. Wei and A. Polozova, “Biophysical Techniques for Protein Size Distribution Analysis,” in Biophysics for Therapeutic Protein Development, L. O. Narhi, Ed. New York, NY: Springer, 2013, pp. 83–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Instrumentation & Measurement Magazine.

Blog post
J. Davis, “BMW Plan to Integrate Street Lights with Electric Car Charging Points,” IFLScience, Jun. 23, 2015. .


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Customs Service Modernization: Actions Needed to Correct Serious ACE Management and Technical Weaknesses,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, T-AIMD-99-141, Apr. 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A. Cortez, “Life Is A Highway: Finding Your Way and Finding the Words,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Gordon, “Who’s White?,” New York Times, p. BR1, Mar. 28, 2010.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Instrumentation & Measurement Magazine
AbbreviationIEEE Instrum. Meas. Mag.
ISSN (print)1094-6969
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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