How to format your references using the IEEE Electrification Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Electrification Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C. Macilwain, “World view: disaster, unmitigated,” Nature, vol. 465, no. 7296, p. 287, May 2010.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. González and D. Petrov, “Genetics. MITEs--the ultimate parasites,” Science, vol. 325, no. 5946, pp. 1352–1353, Sep. 2009.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. Diemand, B. Moore, and J. Stadel, “Earth-mass dark-matter haloes as the first structures in the early Universe,” Nature, vol. 433, no. 7024, pp. 389–391, Jan. 2005.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D. V. Talapin, E. V. Shevchenko, M. I. Bodnarchuk, X. Ye, J. Chen, and C. B. Murray, “Quasicrystalline order in self-assembled binary nanoparticle superlattices,” Nature, vol. 461, no. 7266, pp. 964–967, Oct. 2009.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
H. Meyr, M. Moeneclaey, and S. A. Fechtel, Digital Communication Receivers: Synchronization, Channel Estimation, and Signal Processing. New York, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2001.
An edited book
S. Wagner, M. Steinmetz, A. Bode, and M. M. Müller, Eds., High Performance Computing in Science and Engineering, Garching/Munich 2009: Transactions of the Fourth Joint HLRB and KONWIHR Review and Results Workshop, Dec. 8-9, 2009, Leibniz Supercomputing Centre, Garching/Munich, Germany. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
T. Eymann, W. Streitberger, and S. Hudert, “Global Grids – Making a Case for Self-organization in Large-Scale Overlay Networks,” in Trustworthy Global Computing: Second Symposium, TGC 2006, Lucca, Italy, November 7-9, 2006, Revised Selected Papers, U. Montanari, D. Sannella, and R. Bruni, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2007, pp. 51–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Electrification Magazine.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “New Analysis Suggests Earth’s Magnetic Field Is Destabilizing,” IFLScience, Nov. 26, 2014. .


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “USDA Systems Modernization: Management and Oversight Improvements Are Needed,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-11-586, Jul. 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
B. Maranhao, “Efficient identification of disease causative mutations with next generation sequencing technologies,” Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Kanter, “Europeans Vote to Alter Visa Rules of Americans,” New York Times, p. A6, Mar. 03, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Electrification Magazine
AbbreviationIEEE Electrification Mag.
ISSN (print)2325-5897
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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