How to format your references using the IEEE Electrification Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Electrification Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
E. Azim, “Neuroscience. Shortcuts and checkpoints on the road to skilled movement,” Science, vol. 346, no. 6209, pp. 554–555, Oct. 2014.
A journal article with 2 authors
K. Nishioka and D. Reinberg, “Transcription. Switching partners in a regulatory tango,” Science, vol. 294, no. 5551, pp. 2497–2498, Dec. 2001.
A journal article with 3 authors
C. L. Scarborough, J. Ferrari, and H. C. J. Godfray, “Aphid protected from pathogen by endosymbiont,” Science, vol. 310, no. 5755, p. 1781, Dec. 2005.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
R. F. Castro, K. A. Jackson, M. A. Goodell, C. S. Robertson, H. Liu, and H. D. Shine, “Failure of bone marrow cells to transdifferentiate into neural cells in vivo,” Science, vol. 297, no. 5585, p. 1299, Aug. 2002.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
F. B. Naini, Facial Aesthetics. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., 2011.
An edited book
M. S. Sodhi, Managing Supply Chain Risk, vol. 172. Boston, MA: Springer US, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
M. van der Veen and P. Osseweijer, “IPRs and the Transfer of Technologies that Combat Climate Change: The Untapped Potential of Licensing,” in Law and the Transition to Business Sustainability, D. R. Cahoy and J. E. Colburn, Eds. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014, pp. 85–102.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Electrification Magazine.

Blog post
J. O`Callaghan, “NASA Releases Gorgeous Images Of Earth From New Weather Satellite,” IFLScience, Jan. 23, 2017. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Research and Development Programs With Regard to Short-Term Weather Phenomena,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, B-100063, Mar. 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. H. Stephenson, “Ethics and morality in software development: A developer’s perspective,” Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Marx, “Going Into Marriage With Eyes Wide Open,” New York Times, p. ST17, Mar. 29, 2015.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Electrification Magazine
AbbreviationIEEE Electrification Mag.
ISSN (print)2325-5897
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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