How to format your references using the IEEE Electrification Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Electrification Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. P. Lucht, “Chemistry. Femtosecond lasers for molecular measurements,” Science, vol. 316, no. 5822, pp. 207–208, Apr. 2007.
A journal article with 2 authors
D. C. García-Bellido and D. H. Collins, “Moulting arthropod caught in the act,” Nature, vol. 429, no. 6987, p. 40, May 2004.
A journal article with 3 authors
C. Zhang, Y.-P. Yang, and Y.-W. Duan, “Pollen sensitivity to ultraviolet-B (UV-B) suggests floral structure evolution in alpine plants,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 4520, Mar. 2014.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Fargione, J. Hill, D. Tilman, S. Polasky, and P. Hawthorne, “Land clearing and the biofuel carbon debt,” Science, vol. 319, no. 5867, pp. 1235–1238, Feb. 2008.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. Courant and E. J. McShane, Differential and Integral Calculus. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1988.
An edited book
H. Hargitai and Á. Kereszturi, Eds., Encyclopedia of Planetary Landforms. New York, NY: Springer, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
G. Xu and J. Xu, “Perturbations on the Orbits,” in Orbits: 2nd Order Singularity-free Solutions, J. Xu, Ed. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013, pp. 39–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Electrification Magazine.

Blog post
T. Hale, “Even An AI Supercomputer Found This College Entrance Exam Tough,” IFLScience, 12-Jun-2017. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Surface Freight Transportation: A Comparison of the Costs of Road, Rail, and Waterways Freight Shipments That Are Not Passed on to Consumers,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-11-134, Jan. 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K. C. Verdi, “What Does It Mean to Be a Service-Learning Teacher? - An Autoethnography,” Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. M. Chapman, “Detroit Reins In an Annual Halloween Revelry,” New York Times, p. A16, 30-Oct-2010.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Electrification Magazine
AbbreviationIEEE Electrification Mag.
ISSN (print)2325-5897
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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