How to format your references using the IEEE Electrification Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Electrification Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
N. Nosengo, “The quota conundrum,” Nature, vol. 426, no. 6963, p. 211, Nov. 2003.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. J. Beasley and E. J. Schreier, “Astronomy: The United States must rejoin the SKA,” Nature, vol. 489, no. 7416, p. 363, Sep. 2012.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. Bao, H.-J. Lee, and J. J. Zheng, “Genome-wide network analysis of Wnt signaling in three pediatric cancers,” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 2969, Oct. 2013.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Taipale, M. K. Cooper, T. Maiti, and P. A. Beachy, “Patched acts catalytically to suppress the activity of Smoothened,” Nature, vol. 418, no. 6900, pp. 892–897, Aug. 2002.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
G. B. Rodman, Why Cultural Studies? Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2014.
An edited book
P. Huneman, Ed., Functions: selection and mechanisms, vol. 363. in Synthese Library, Studies in Epistemology, Logic, Methodology, and Philosophy of Science, vol. 363. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
J.-P. Boucher, M. Denuit, and M. Guillén, “Modelling of Insurance Claim Count with Hurdle Distribution for Panel Data,” in Advances in Mathematical and Statistical Modeling, R. Minguez, J.-M. Sarabia, N. Balakrishnan, and B. C. Arnold, Eds., Boston, MA: Birkhäuser, 2008, pp. 45–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Electrification Magazine.

Blog post
J. Fang, “Largest Ever Yellow Hypergiant Star Spotted,” IFLScience. Accessed: Oct. 30, 2018. [Online]. Available:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Air Traffic Control: Status of the Current Modernization Program and Planning for the Next Generation System,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-06-738T, May 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. R. Wilkerson, “The Relationship Between Caring School Community Program Implementation and Elementary Student Achievement,” Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO, 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Healy and S. F. Kovaleski, “One Mother, 7 Dead Newborns and a Stunned Community in Utah,” New York Times, p. A18, Apr. 27, 2014.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Electrification Magazine
AbbreviationIEEE Electrification Mag.
ISSN (print)2325-5897
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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