How to format your references using the IEEE Electrification Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Electrification Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Reinitz, “Turing centenary: Pattern formation,” Nature, vol. 482, no. 7386, p. 464, Feb. 2012.
A journal article with 2 authors
B. W. Lee and N. A. Clark, “Alignment of liquid crystals with patterned isotropic surfaces,” Science, vol. 291, no. 5513, pp. 2576–2580, Mar. 2001.
A journal article with 3 authors
D. A. Clark, P. P. Mitra, and S. S. Wang, “Scalable architecture in mammalian brains,” Nature, vol. 411, no. 6834, pp. 189–193, May 2001.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A. Yoon et al., “Impaired control of IRES-mediated translation in X-linked dyskeratosis congenita,” Science, vol. 312, no. 5775, pp. 902–906, May 2006.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
H. Meyr, M. Moeneclaey, and S. A. Fechtel, Digital Communication Receivers: Synchronization, Channel Estimation, and Signal Processing. New York, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2001.
An edited book
J. Desimoni, C. P. Ramos, B. Arcondo, F. D. Saccone, and R. C. Mercader, Eds., LACAME 2008: Proceedings of the 11th Latin American Conference on the Applications of the Mössbauer Effect, (LACAME 2006) held in La Plata, 9-14 November 2008. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
O. Morris et al., “Clostridium difficile in Children: A Review of Existing and Recently Uncovered Evidence,” in Hot Topics in Infection and Immunity in Children IX, N. Curtis, A. Finn, and A. J. Pollard, Eds. New York, NY: Springer, 2013, pp. 57–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Electrification Magazine.

Blog post
D. Andrew, “BBC Makes A Hilarious Error In Their Coverage Of The LHC,” IFLScience, Apr. 07, 2015. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Space Acquisitions: Major Space Programs Still at Risk for Cost and Schedule Increases,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-08-552T, Mar. 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
T. Grosso, “Exploring How Older Adults Who Qualify for the Association on Aging with Developmental Disabilities (AADD) Programs and Services Learn to Successfully Age in Place,” Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Lee, “Bring On The Wind And Water,” New York Times, p. D2, Aug. 15, 2013.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Electrification Magazine
AbbreviationIEEE Electrification Mag.
ISSN (print)2325-5897
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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