How to format your references using the IEEE Electrification Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Electrification Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
H. Brody, “Editorial: taste,” Nature, vol. 486, no. 7403, p. S1, Jun. 2012.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. Fyke and M. Eby, “Comment on ‘Climate sensitivity estimated from temperature reconstructions of the Last Glacial Maximum,’” Science, vol. 337, no. 6100, pp. 1294; author reply 1294, Sep. 2012.
A journal article with 3 authors
O. V. Popovych, S. Yanchuk, and P. A. Tass, “Self-organized noise resistance of oscillatory neural networks with spike timing-dependent plasticity,” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 2926, Oct. 2013.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
E. M. Krümmel et al., “Aquatic ecology: delivery of pollutants by spawning salmon,” Nature, vol. 425, no. 6955, pp. 255–256, Sep. 2003.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S. M. Burkinshaw, Physico-chemical Aspects of Textile Coloration. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2016.
An edited book
H. Fraser, Neoliberalization, Universities and the Public Intellectual: Species, Gender and Class and the Production of Knowledge. in Palgrave Critical University Studies. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
R. Dudgeon, “Emergency Medical Services,” in Orthopedics in Disasters: Orthopedic Injuries in Natural Disasters and Mass Casualty Events, N. Wolfson, A. Lerner, and L. Roshal, Eds., Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2016, pp. 29–35.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Electrification Magazine.

Blog post
D. Andrew, “Is Talking To Yourself A Sign Of Mental Illness? An Expert Delivers Her Verdict,” IFLScience, May 20, 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Monitoring the Development of the Federal Power Commission’s Regulatory Information System,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GGD-77-95, Sep. 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Y. Nasrollahzadeh, “Support group for caregivers of older adults affected by dementia: A grant proposal project,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Feeney, “Cheese, Please,” New York Times, p. NJ7, Jan. 04, 2009.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Electrification Magazine
AbbreviationIEEE Electrification Mag.
ISSN (print)2325-5897
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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