How to format your references using the Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Slivan SM. Spin vector alignment of Koronis family asteroids. Nature 2002; 419:49–51.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Muotri AR, Gage FH. Generation of neuronal variability and complexity. Nature 2006; 441:1087–93.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Rozitis B, MacLennan E, Emery JP. Cohesive forces prevent the rotational breakup of rubble-pile asteroid (29075) 1950 DA. Nature 2014; 512:174–6.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1.
Ma Y, Szostkiewicz I, Korte A, Moes D, Yang Y, Christmann A, Grill E. Regulators of PP2C phosphatase activity function as abscisic acid sensors. Science 2009; 324:1064–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Baldwin P. OSx86. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1.
Gilchrist MD, editor. IUTAM Symposium on Impact Biomechanics: From Fundamental Insights to Applications. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Guerraoui R, Raynal M. From Unreliable Objects to Reliable Objects: The Case of Atomic Registers and Consensus. In: Malyshkin V, editor. Parallel Computing Technologies: 9th International Conference, PaCT 2007, Pereslavl-Zalessky, Russia, September 3-7, 2007. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. page 47–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics.

Blog post
1.
Davis J. According To The UN, Current Pledges Aren’t Enough To Halt Climate Change. IFLScience2015;

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Transportation Infrastructure: The Nation’s Highway Bridges Remain at Risk From Earthquakes. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Kory R. Development of an educational seminar for college female athletes, coaches, athletic directors and parents on the female athlete triad. 2017;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Harris G, Kanter J. Pence Assures Europe of American Support. New York Times2017; :A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
AbbreviationHum. Vaccin.
ISSN (print)1554-8600
ISSN (online)1554-8619
ScopeImmunology
General Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics

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