How to format your references using the HIV & AIDS Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for HIV & AIDS Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M.A. Brockhurst, Evolution. Sex, death, and the Red Queen, Science. 333 (2011) 166–167.
A journal article with 2 authors
S. Hinck, Q. Schiermeier, Will industry play a bigger role in Europe’s aims to promote mobility among postdocs?, Nature. 421 (2003) 296–297.
A journal article with 3 authors
P. Van Roy, A.C. Daley, D.E.G. Briggs, Anomalocaridid trunk limb homology revealed by a giant filter-feeder with paired flaps, Nature. 522 (2015) 77–80.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
O. Asvany, P.K. P, B. Redlich, I. Hegemann, S. Schlemmer, D. Marx, Understanding the infrared spectrum of bare CH5+, Science. 309 (2005) 1219–1222.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. Imrie, E. Street, Architectural Design and Regulation, Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Oxford, UK, 2011.
An edited book
I. Eusgeld, F.C. Freiling, R. Reussner, eds., Dependability Metrics: Advanced Lectures, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
R.G. Almond, R.J. Mislevy, L.S. Steinberg, D. Yan, D.M. Williamson, Efficient Calculations, in: R.J. Mislevy, L.S. Steinberg, D. Yan, D.M. Williamson (Eds.), Bayesian Networks in Educational Assessment, Springer, New York, NY, 2015: pp. 105–155.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for HIV & AIDS Review.

Blog post
R. Andrews, Cat Parasite Linked To Development Of Mental Illness In Owners, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Need for a National Ocean Program and Plan, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1975.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Y. Wirtz, Strain Variation between the Monterey and Sisquoc Formations, Southern Santa Maria Basin, California, USA: Implications for Structural Assessment of Fold and Thrust Belts, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Vecsey, Eusebio, Who Represented the Best of Soccer and of Portugal, Dies at 71, New York Times. (2014) B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHIV & AIDS Review
ISSN (print)1730-1270
Infectious Diseases

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