How to format your references using the HIV & AIDS Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for HIV & AIDS Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
B.R. Bloom, On the particularity of pathogens, Nature. 406 (2000) 760–761.
A journal article with 2 authors
D.D. Boehr, P.E. Wright, Biochemistry. How do proteins interact?, Science. 320 (2008) 1429–1430.
A journal article with 3 authors
T. Schaller, C. Goujon, M.H. Malim, AIDS/HIV. HIV interplay with SAMHD1, Science. 335 (2012) 1313–1314.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
B. Stenni, V. Masson-Delmotte, S. Johnsen, J. Jouzel, A. Longinelli, E. Monnin, R. Rothlisberger, E. Selmo, An oceanic cold reversal during the last deglaciation, Science. 293 (2001) 2074–2077.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S. Bilbao, Wave and Scattering Methods for Numerical Simulation, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2005.
An edited book
G. Salvendy, M.J. Smith, eds., Human Interface and the Management of Information. Interacting with Information: Symposium on Human Interface 2011, Held as Part of HCI International 2011, Orlando, FL, USA, July 9-14, 2011, Proceedings, Part II, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
W. Kuhn, Semantic Engineering, in: G. Navratil (Ed.), Research Trends in Geographic Information Science, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009: pp. 63–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for HIV & AIDS Review.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, Unexplainable UFO Phenomena To Be Scientifically Analyzed In New Project, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Tax Systems Modernization: Program Status and Comments on IRS’ Portion of President’s Request For Fiscal Year 1993 Supplemental Funds, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J.K. Bankas, CAFE—Community and Family Enrichment: Toward Community-Based Mental Health Support for Families, Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Kishkovsky, Salvage Teams Begin to Raise Russian Sub, New York Times. (2001) A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHIV & AIDS Review
ISSN (print)1730-1270
Infectious Diseases

Other styles