How to format your references using the High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Glynn I. An intriguing door. Nature. 2001;413:683.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Barkana R, Loeb A. Spectral signature of cosmological infall of gas around the first quasars. Nature. 2003;421:341–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Hung C-L, Gurarie V, Chin C. From cosmology to cold atoms: observation of Sakharov oscillations in a quenched atomic superfluid. Science. 2013;341:1213–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Fielding EJ, Lundgren PR, Bürgmann R, Funning GJ. Shallow fault-zone dilatancy recovery after the 2003 Bam earthquake in Iran. Nature. 2009;458:64–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Ruske W. Verlag Chemie 1921-1971. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 1971.
An edited book
1. Mains M, editor. Topics in Modal Analysis & Testing, Volume 10: Proceedings of the 34th IMAC, A Conference and Exposition on Structural Dynamics 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Parnabas VA, Mahamood Y, Parnabas J, Parnabas AM. Gender Differences on the Sources of Anxiety and Level of Sport Performance Among Malaysian Athletes. In: Ismail SI, Sulaiman N, Adnan R, editors. Proceedings of the 2nd International Colloquium on Sports Science, Exercise, Engineering and Technology 2015 (ICoSSEET 2015). Singapore: Springer; 2016. p. 35–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention.

Blog post
1. Andrews R. Arctic Sea Ice Has Just Set Another Record Low For June [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/arctic-sea-ice-has-just-set-another-record-low-for-june/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Radioactive Sources: Opportunities Exist for Federal Agencies to Strengthen Transportation Security. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2017 Feb. Report No.: GAO-17-58.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Schellenberg DL. Divorced women, poverty, and the Social Security Act: A policy analysis [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Grynbaum MM. Trump, in Latest Bout With Media, Conjures Physical Fight With a Foe. New York Times. 2017 Jul 2;A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHigh Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention
AbbreviationHigh Blood Press. Cardiovasc. Prev.
ISSN (print)1120-9879
ISSN (online)1179-1985
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Internal Medicine

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