How to format your references using the High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. McCauley DJ. Selling out on nature. Nature. 2006;443:27–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Wheeler TD, Stroock AD. The transpiration of water at negative pressures in a synthetic tree. Nature. 2008;455:208–12.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. de Jong PW, van Lenteren JC, Raak-van den Berg CL. Comment on “Invasive harlequin ladybird carries biological weapons against native competitors.” Science. 2013;341:1342.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Thomas GA, Shraiman BI, Glodis PF, Stephens MJ. Towards the clarity limit in optical fibre. Nature. 2000;404:262–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Biech E. 101 More Ways to Make Training Active. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
1. Vicars M, McKenna T, White J, editors. Discourse, Power, and Resistance Down Under. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Charão RC, Bisognin E, Bisognin V, Pazoto AF. Asymptotic Behavior of a Bernoulli-Euler Type Equation with Nonlinear Localized Damping. In: Cazenave T, Costa D, Lopes O, Manásevich R, Rabinowitz P, Ruf B, et al., editors. Contributions to Nonlinear Analysis: A Tribute to DG de Figueiredo on the Occasion of his 70th Birthday. Basel: Birkhäuser; 2006. p. 67–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Improved Anti-HIV Antibodies Created Through Genetic Engineering [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Transportation Infrastructure: Central Artery/Tunnel Project Faces Financial Uncertainties. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996 May. Report No.: RCED-96-131.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Prochorchik VL. Increasing infant mental health awareness [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1. Qiu L. On Infrastructure, Claims That Don’t Quite Get Off the Ground. New York Times. 2017 Jun 9;A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHigh Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention
AbbreviationHigh Blood Press. Cardiovasc. Prev.
ISSN (print)1120-9879
ISSN (online)1179-1985
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Internal Medicine

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