How to format your references using the High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Banks M. Seeking a PhD abroad. Nature. 2007;445:680.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Royer S, Paré D. Conservation of total synaptic weight through balanced synaptic depression and potentiation. Nature. 2003;422:518–22.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Venditti C, Meade A, Pagel M. Phylogenies reveal new interpretation of speciation and the Red Queen. Nature. 2010;463:349–52.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Ni K-K, Ospelkaus S, de Miranda MHG, Pe’er A, Neyenhuis B, Zirbel JJ, et al. A high phase-space-density gas of polar molecules. Science. 2008;322:231–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Broome J. Weighing Goods. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
1. Noia TD, Buccafurri F, editors. E-Commerce and Web Technologies: 10th International Conference, EC-Web 2009, Linz, Austria, September 1-4, 2009. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Umbreit E, Shimko M, Gettman M. Prostate Anatomy and Prostate Cancer Screening, Diagnosis, Staging, and Prevention. In: Ponsky LE, Fuller DB, Meier RM, Ma C, editors. Robotic Radiosurgery Treating Prostate Cancer and Related Genitourinary Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 29–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Why Do Humans Love Food So Much? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/chemistry/why-do-humans-love-food/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Drug Abuse Control Program Activities in Okinawa. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1972 Aug. Report No.: B-164031(2).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Yasa SR. Visual Basic Simulation of H2S Removal from Natural Gas at Downhole in an Extraction Well [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Barron J. Sorting a Comic’s Library of Laughs (and Letters and Bills and …). New York Times. 2017 Oct 22;A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHigh Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention
AbbreviationHigh Blood Press. Cardiovasc. Prev.
ISSN (print)1120-9879
ISSN (online)1179-1985
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Internal Medicine

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