How to format your references using the High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Knight J. US rejects bioweapon inspections. Nature. 2001;412:365.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Villier L, Korn D. Morphological disparity of ammonoids and the mark of Permian mass extinctions. Science. 2004;306:264–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Gilman RT, Nuismer SL, Jhwueng D-C. Coevolution in multidimensional trait space favours escape from parasites and pathogens. Nature. 2012;483:328–30.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Cernilogar FM, Onorati MC, Kothe GO, Burroughs AM, Parsi KM, Breiling A, et al. Chromatin-associated RNA interference components contribute to transcriptional regulation in Drosophila. Nature. 2011;480:391–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Heimann RB. Classic and Advanced Ceramics. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2010.
An edited book
1. Newberg HJ, Carlin JL, editors. Tidal Streams in the Local Group and Beyond: Observations and Implications. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Rueckert D, Chandrashekara R, Aljabar P, Bhatia KK, Boardman JP, Srinivasan L, et al. Quantification of Growth and Motion Using Non-rigid Registration. In: Beichel RR, Sonka M, editors. Computer Vision Approaches to Medical Image Analysis: Second International ECCV Workshop, CVAMIA 2006 Graz, Austria, May 12, 2006 Revised Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006. p. 49–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention.

Blog post
1. Hale T. What Actually Is The Insanely Potent VX Nerve Agent That Killed Kim Jong-Nam? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/chemistry/what-actually-is-the-insanely-potent-vx-nerve-agent-that-killed-kim-jongnam/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Problems and Outlook of Small Private Liberal Arts Colleges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978 Aug. Report No.: HRD-78-91.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Van Vlack KA. Puaxant tuvip: Powerlands Southern Paiute cultural landscapes and pilgrimage trails [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tucson, AZ]: University of Arizona; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Greenhouse L. Former Playmate Wins Procedural Round in Fight Over Estate. New York Times. 2006 May 2;A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHigh Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention
AbbreviationHigh Blood Press. Cardiovasc. Prev.
ISSN (print)1120-9879
ISSN (online)1179-1985
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Internal Medicine

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