How to format your references using the High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Beard C. Paleontology. East of Eden at the Paleocene/Eocene boundary. Science. 2002;295:2028–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Clarke CF, Allan CM. Biochemistry: Unexpected role for vitamin B2. Nature. 2015;522:427–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Rafkin SCR, Sta Maria MRV, Michaels TI. Simulation of the atmospheric thermal circulation of a martian volcano using a mesoscale numerical model. Nature. 2002;419:697–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Konhauser KO, Lalonde SV, Amskold L, Holland HD. Was there really an Archean phosphate crisis? Science. 2007;315:1234.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Miller JM. Chromatography. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
1. Wang X. Nanozymes: Next Wave of Artificial Enzymes. Guo W, Hu Y, Wu J, Wei H, editors. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Hart SGE. Safety Pharmacology of Drugs for the Urinary Tract. In: Vogel HG, Hock FJ, Maas J, Mayer D, editors. Drug Discovery and Evaluation: Safety and Pharmacokinetic Assays. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006. p. 95–140.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention.

Blog post
1. Andrews R. Researchers Can Now 3D Print Stem Cell “Building Blocks” [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. International Space Station: U.S. Life-Cycle Funding Requirements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998 May. Report No.: NSIAD-98-147.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Wang E. Anisotropy of Magnetic Susceptibility Investigation of the Coyote Mountain Shear Zone [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Brantley B. A Playwright Intent on Naming, and Goading, the Beast Within. New York Times. 2016 Sep 17;C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHigh Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention
AbbreviationHigh Blood Press. Cardiovasc. Prev.
ISSN (print)1120-9879
ISSN (online)1179-1985
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Internal Medicine

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