How to format your references using the Healthcare: The Journal of Delivery Science and Innovation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Healthcare: The Journal of Delivery Science and Innovation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eiler JM. Geochemistry. The oldest fossil or just another rock? Science. 2007;317(5841):1046-1047.
A journal article with 2 authors
Retchless AC, Lawrence JG. Temporal fragmentation of speciation in bacteria. Science. 2007;317(5841):1093-1096.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chakraborty S, Yanchulova P, Thiemens MH. Mass-independent oxygen isotopic partitioning during gas-phase SiO2 formation. Science. 2013;342(6157):463-466.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zavatta A, Artoni M, Viscor D, La Rocca G. Manipulating frequency-bin entangled states in cold atoms. Sci Rep. 2014;4:3941.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lacalle D. Life in the Financial Markets. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Irschik H, Krommer M, Watanabe K, Furukawa T, eds. Mechanics and Model-Based Control of Smart Materials and Structures. Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Cryer HM. Blood Transfusion and Alternative Therapies. In: Bland KI, Büchler MW, Csendes A, Sarr MG, Garden OJ, Wong J, eds. General Surgery. Springer; 2009:43-52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Healthcare: The Journal of Delivery Science and Innovation.

Blog post
Andrew E. NASA To Receive Significantly More Money Than It Asked For Next Year. IFLScience. Published December 15, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Transportation Infrastructure: Supplemental Information on the Federal Highway Administration’s Project Selection Process for Five Discretionary Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lansdon J. A policy analysis of California’s three strikes law of 1994. Published online 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rashbaum WK, McKINLEY JC Jr. 106 Are Charged in Lengthy Fraud Over Disabilities. New York Times. January 7, 2014:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHealthcare: The Journal of Delivery Science and Innovation
AbbreviationHealthc. (Amst.)
ISSN (print)2213-0764
ScopeHealth Policy

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