How to format your references using the Health Reform Observer - Observatoire des Réformes de Santé citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Health Reform Observer - Observatoire des Réformes de Santé. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Moller DE. 2001. New drug targets for type 2 diabetes and the metabolic syndrome. Nature 414(6865): 821–827.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dijk D-J, Skeldon AC. 2015. Biological rhythms: Human sleep before the industrial era. Nature 527(7577): 176–177.
A journal article with 3 authors
Patt AG, Ogallo L, Hellmuth M. 2007. Sustainability. Learning from 10 years of climate outlook forums in Africa. Science (New York, N.Y.) 318(5847): 49–50.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bachman ES, Dhillon H, Zhang C-Y, Cinti S, Bianco AC, Kobilka BK, Lowell BB. 2002. betaAR signaling required for diet-induced thermogenesis and obesity resistance. Science (New York, N.Y.) 297(5582): 843–845.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
King M. 2011. Process Control. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Sadegh Amiri I. 2015. Optical Soliton Communication Using Ultra-Short Pulses. ed. Ahmad H. Singapore: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Slaughter DC. 2014. The Biological Engineer: Sensing the Difference Between Crops and Weeds. In Automation: The Future of Weed Control in Cropping Systems, eds. Young SL, Pierce FJ, 71–95. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Health Reform Observer - Observatoire des Réformes de Santé.

Blog post
Luntz S. 2015. Globular Clusters Could Produce Binary Black Holes. IFLScience., as of 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1983. Opportunities for Improving the Management of DOD Computer Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lam G. 2017. A Mixed Methods Study Examining Teacher Impressions of a Psychoeducational Program on Common Issues During Childhood. Doctoral dissertation. Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum MM. 2017. A Network vs. the President. New York Times: B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Moller 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Moller 2001; Dijk and Skeldon 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dijk and Skeldon 2015)
  • Three authors: (Patt, Ogallo and Hellmuth 2007)
  • 4 or more authors: (Bachman et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleHealth Reform Observer - Observatoire des Réformes de Santé
AbbreviationHealth Reform Obs.
ISSN (online)2291-6369

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