How to format your references using the Health Reform Observer - Observatoire des Réformes de Santé citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Health Reform Observer - Observatoire des Réformes de Santé. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Guikema SD. 2009. Engineering. Infrastructure design issues in disaster-prone regions. Science (New York, N.Y.) 323(5919): 1302–1303.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kane CL, Mele EJ. 2006. Physics. A new spin on the insulating state. Science (New York, N.Y.) 314(5806): 1692–1693.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pevzner PA, Kim S, Ng J. 2008. Comment on “Protein sequences from mastodon and Tyrannosaurus rex revealed by mass spectrometry.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 321(5892): 1040; author reply 1040.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Iwamoto N, Umeda H, Tominaga N, Nomoto K, Maeda K. 2005. The first chemical enrichment in the universe and the formation of hyper metal-poor stars. Science (New York, N.Y.) 309(5733): 451–453.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maudlin T. 2011. Quantum Non-Locality and Relativity. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Löffelhardt W ed. 2014. Endosymbiosis. Vienna: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Buragga K, Dhir A, Boreqqah AA. 2013. Facebook an Open Education Platform: Exploring Its Educational Uses. In HCI International 2013 - Posters’ Extended Abstracts: International Conference, HCI International 2013, Las Vegas, NV, USA, July 21-26, 2013, Proceedings, Part II, ed. Stephanidis C, 18–22. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Health Reform Observer - Observatoire des Réformes de Santé.

Blog post
Davis J. 2016. Whale Shark DNA Detected In Samples Of Seawater. IFLScience., as of 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1983. Poor Design and Management Hamper Army’s Basic Skills Education Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harper T. 2010. Going public, staying private, and everything in between. Doctoral dissertation. Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C. 2014. Old Story in Politics Resonates in New Era. New York Times: A29B.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Guikema 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Guikema 2009; Kane and Mele 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kane and Mele 2006)
  • Three authors: (Pevzner, Kim and Ng 2008)
  • 4 or more authors: (Iwamoto et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleHealth Reform Observer - Observatoire des Réformes de Santé
AbbreviationHealth Reform Obs.
ISSN (online)2291-6369

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